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A certain city has had many vacant homes in the downtown neighborhoods

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A certain city has had many vacant homes in the downtown neighborhoods  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2015, 04:35
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A certain city has had many vacant homes in the downtown neighborhoods. The city loses significant tax revenue each year because those houses stand unoccupied. The city felt that the fear of crime was keeping professionals from moving into these houses. Over 80% of the city's professional work force live outside of the city, in nearby suburbs, and commute daily.
Plan: Five years ago, the city tripled the size of the municipal police force, increasing patrols throughout the city. All studies have confirmed that crime has dropped substantially.
Result: the vacancy rate in these single-family houses has not changed substantially in five years.
Further information: Almost all of the vacant houses are in excellent condition, ready for occupancy. The city supports a number of high-paying professional jobs, and the state economy has been booming over the past five years.

In light of the further information, which of the following, if true, does most to explain the result that followed the implementation of the plan?

A) The commuting costs in this metropolitan region, in dollar per mile, are among the highest in the entire country.
B) Over 60% of the expanded municipal police force lives somewhere within the city limits.
C) Recent studies confirm that the crime-rate in the city is no higher than the average crime-rate in the surrounding suburbs.
D) Homes in this city, close to downtown, cost on average 40% more than a home of comparable size in the surrounding suburbs.
E) In a recent survey, almost three-quarters of the professionals who live in the suburbs and work in the city say that they would prefer to live in the city.

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Re: A certain city has had many vacant homes in the downtown neighborhoods  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2015, 08:33
A certain city has had many vacant homes.
The city felt that the fear of crime was keeping professionals from moving into these houses.
Over 80% of work force live outside of the city, in nearby suburbs, and commute daily.
Plan: Five years ago, the city tripled the size of the municipal police force and crime has dropped substantially.
Result: the vacancy rate in these single-family houses has not changed substantially in five years.
Further information: Almost all of the vacant houses are in excellent condition, ready for occupancy. The city supports a number of high-paying professional jobs, and the state economy has been booming over the past five years.

Paradox question

A) The commuting costs in this metropolitan region, in dollar per mile, are among the highest in the entire country.
(This aggravates the issue that should improve the city occupancy rate but does not explain the paradox.)

B) Over 60% of the expanded municipal police force lives somewhere within the city limits.
(Where municipality force lives is out of scope)

C) Recent studies confirm that the crime-rate in the city is no higher than the average crime-rate in the surrounding suburbs.
(Same as A. This aggravates the issue that should improve the city occupancy rate but does not explain the paradox.)

D) Homes in this city, close to downtown, cost on average 40% more than a home of comparable size in the surrounding suburbs.
(This is the reason why the professionals are not shifting to city houses thereby explaining the paradox.)

E) In a recent survey, almost three-quarters of the professionals who live in the suburbs and work in the city say that they would prefer to live in the city.
(This aggravates the issue that should improve the city occupancy rate but does not explain the paradox.)
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A certain city has had many vacant homes in the downtown neighborhoods  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2018, 19:14
A certain city has had many vacant homes in the downtown neighborhoods. The city loses significant tax revenue each year because those houses stand unoccupied. The city felt that the fear of crime was keeping professionals from moving into these houses. Over 80% of the city's professional work force live outside of the city, in nearby suburbs, and commute daily.
Plan: Five years ago, the city tripled the size of the municipal police force, increasing patrols throughout the city. All studies have confirmed that crime has dropped substantially.
Result: the vacancy rate in these single-family houses has not changed substantially in five years.
Further information: Almost all of the vacant houses are in excellent condition, ready for occupancy. The city supports a number of high-paying professional jobs, and the state economy has been booming over the past five years.

In light of the further information, which of the following, if true, does most to explain the result that followed the implementation of the plan?

A) The commuting costs in this metropolitan region, in dollar per mile, are among the highest in the entire country.
B) Over 60% of the expanded municipal police force lives somewhere within the city limits.
C) Recent studies confirm that the crime-rate in the city is no higher than the average crime-rate in the surrounding suburbs.
D) Homes in this city, close to downtown, cost on average 40% more than a home of comparable size in the surrounding suburbs.
E) In a recent survey, almost three-quarters of the professionals who live in the suburbs and work in the city say that they would prefer to live in the city.
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Re: A certain city has had many vacant homes in the downtown neighborhoods  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2018, 21:24
chesstitans wrote:
A certain city has had many vacant homes in the downtown neighborhoods. The city loses significant tax revenue each year because those houses stand unoccupied. The city felt that the fear of crime was keeping professionals from moving into these houses. Over 80% of the city's professional work force live outside of the city, in nearby suburbs, and commute daily.
Plan: Five years ago, the city tripled the size of the municipal police force, increasing patrols throughout the city. All studies have confirmed that crime has dropped substantially.
Result: the vacancy rate in these single-family houses has not changed substantially in five years.
Further information: Almost all of the vacant houses are in excellent condition, ready for occupancy. The city supports a number of high-paying professional jobs, and the state economy has been booming over the past five years.

In light of the further information, which of the following, if true, does most to explain the result that followed the implementation of the plan?

A) The commuting costs in this metropolitan region, in dollar per mile, are among the highest in the entire country.
B) Over 60% of the expanded municipal police force lives somewhere within the city limits.
C) Recent studies confirm that the crime-rate in the city is no higher than the average crime-rate in the surrounding suburbs.
D) Homes in this city, close to downtown, cost on average 40% more than a home of comparable size in the surrounding suburbs.
E) In a recent survey, almost three-quarters of the professionals who live in the suburbs and work in the city say that they would prefer to live in the city.


Stem - Even after crime reduction and everything else, houses occupancy haven't increased.
We need to explain if everything is going good, how we can explain this.

A - This option is opposite. If commute cost is high, people will prefer to live in the city - Eliminate
B - If this was true - Houses occupancy would have increased.
C - Doesn't help in explaining.
D - Bingo. We now know that people are not moving closer to the city because houses are expensive. - Correct answer
E - Opposite to what we are looking for
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Re: A certain city has had many vacant homes in the downtown neighborhoods  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2018, 18:56

Official Explanation


Perfectly good houses downtown are vacant, and the city wants to change that. The city thinks the reason for the vacancy is crime, and they take steps that reduce crime, but the houses remain vacant. This is a paradox. We are asked to explain the paradox, that is, why the steps they took, which legitimately reduced crime, did not result in folks moving into those houses. In other words, we need to find another reason why those houses are and remain vacant.

(D) is the credited answer. Homes downtown are more expensive, so folks living in a house in the suburbs would not be able to afford one. That would explain why the homes are still vacant.

(A) & (E) are both facts that would explain why people would want to move into the city; rather than explain the result, these amplify the paradox.

(B) is irrelevant: the fact that the police live someone in the city does not explain at all why the downtown houses in particular are vacant. This is a distractor answer.

(C) suggests that crime is not the reason that the house are vacant --- the results of the plan also suggest that, but it doesn't suggest another reason why the houses are vacant.
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Re: A certain city has had many vacant homes in the downtown neighborhoods &nbs [#permalink] 06 Aug 2018, 18:56
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