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# A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers.

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Manager
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A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2012, 12:24
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Question Stats:

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A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. How many different teams of 3 employees can be formed in which at least one member of the team is a manager and at least one member of the team is not a manager? (Two groups are considered different if at least one group member is different)

A. 84
B. 108
C. 135
D. 270
E. 990

I solved this task in this way:

(11!/3!*8!)-(3!+8!/3!5!)=103,
where (11!/3!*8!) is the total number of combinations and (3!+8!/3!5!) - undesirable output, e.g. only managers or non managers are in the teams
Could please someone to help me to point out, where exactly my logic comes wrong?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2012, 12:52
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Galiya wrote:
A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. How many different teams of 3 employees can be formed in which at least one member of the team is a manager and at least one member of the team is not a manager? (Two groups are considered different if at least one group member is different)

A. 84
B. 108
C. 135
D. 270
E. 990

I solved this task in this way:

(11!/3!*8!)-(3!+8!/3!5!)=103,
where (11!/3!*8!) is the total number of combinations and (3!+8!/3!5!) - undesirable output, e.g. only managers or non managers are in the teams
Could please someone to help me to point out, where exactly my logic comes wrong?

Direct approach:

Since there should be at least one manager and at least one non-manager among team of 3, then there should be either 1 manager and 2 non-managers OR 2 managers and 1 non-manager: $$C^1_3*C^2_8+C^2_3*C^1_8=84+24=108$$.

Reverse approach:

Total # of teams of 3 possible is $$C^3_{11}=165$$;
# of teams with only managers or only non-managers is: $$C^3_3+C^3_8=1+56=57$$;

# of teams of 3 with at least one manager or at least one non-manager is: 165-57=108.

Hope it's clear.
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Joined: 16 Jan 2011
Posts: 103
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Kudos [?]: 169 [0], given: 13

Re: A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2012, 12:55
i got it: instead of 3! i had to use 3!/3! for the combination of managers in a team
Bunuel! as always - thank you!
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Re: A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2012, 12:58
1M,2NM + 2M,1NM

3C1* 8C2 + 3C2 *8C1
3*28+3*8=108
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Re: A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. [#permalink]

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07 May 2012, 06:04
hi guys, first post
i have a problem in understanding this question and why my logic is wrong, this is how i try to solve the problem:

i use the formula n!/(n-k)!*k!

so first n=3 and k=1 because we have 3 managers to choose from and can choose one
3!/(2!*1!)
second n=3 and k=2 because we have 3 managers to choose from and can choose two
3!/(2!*1!)
third n=8 and k=1 because we have 8 non-managers to choose from and can choose one
8!/(7!*1!)
fourth n=8 and k=2 because we have 8 non-managers to choose from and can choose two
8!/(6!*2!)
then i multiply all the parts= 3*3*8*28=2016
thank you
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Re: A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2013, 00:59
Bumping for review and further discussion*. Get a kudos point for an alternative solution!

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Re: A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2013, 21:08
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Selection of a Manager from 3 Managers AND
Selection of 2 Non-Managers from 8 Non-Managers OR
Selection of 2 Managers from 3 Managers AND
Selection of a Non-Manager from 8 Non-Managers

AND = Multiplication, OR = Addition

3C1 * 8C2 + 3C2 * 8C1 = 3 * 28 + 3 * 8 = 24 + 84 = 108
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Re: A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2013, 02:13
first place can be filled with a manager in 3 ways
second place with a non manager in 8 ways
last place can be filled with either of them... i.e, 9 ways
so 3*8*9=216
where am i going wrong???
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Posts: 37560
Followers: 7391

Kudos [?]: 99245 [0], given: 11010

Re: A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2013, 02:18
anoopv25 wrote:
first place can be filled with a manager in 3 ways
second place with a non manager in 8 ways
last place can be filled with either of them... i.e, 9 ways
so 3*8*9=216
where am i going wrong???

The following post might help: a-five-member-committee-is-to-be-formed-from-a-group-of-five-55410.html#p1248236
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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 37560
Followers: 7391

Kudos [?]: 99245 [1] , given: 11010

Re: A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2013, 02:19
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Expert's post
Bunuel wrote:
anoopv25 wrote:
first place can be filled with a manager in 3 ways
second place with a non manager in 8 ways
last place can be filled with either of them... i.e, 9 ways
so 3*8*9=216
where am i going wrong???

The following post might help: a-five-member-committee-is-to-be-formed-from-a-group-of-five-55410.html#p1248236

Check this too: a-committee-of-6-is-chosen-from-8-men-and-5-women-so-as-to-104859.html#p1046885
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Re: A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. [#permalink]

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06 May 2015, 06:42
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. [#permalink]

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06 May 2015, 13:37
Bunuel wrote:
Galiya wrote:
A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. How many different teams of 3 employees can be formed in which at least one member of the team is a manager and at least one member of the team is not a manager? (Two groups are considered different if at least one group member is different)

A. 84
B. 108
C. 135
D. 270
E. 990

I solved this task in this way:

(11!/3!*8!)-(3!+8!/3!5!)=103,
where (11!/3!*8!) is the total number of combinations and (3!+8!/3!5!) - undesirable output, e.g. only managers or non managers are in the teams
Could please someone to help me to point out, where exactly my logic comes wrong?

Direct approach:

Since there should be at least one manager and at least one non-manager among team of 3, then there should be either 1 manager and 2 non-managers OR 2 managers and 1 non-manager: $$C^1_3*C^2_8+C^2_3*C^1_8=84+24=108$$.

Reverse approach:

Total # of teams of 3 possible is $$C^3_{11}=165$$;
# of teams with only managers or only non-managers is: $$C^3_3+C^3_8=1+56=57$$;

# of teams of 3 with at least one manager or at least one non-manager is: 165-57=108.

Hope it's clear.

Dear Bunuel

I do not understand the formulas here:

C13∗C28+C23∗C18=84+24=108. > How do you calculate 84 and 24 ... it must be with factorials but I do not get the way you write it. thank you
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Joined: 16 Mar 2014
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Re: A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. [#permalink]

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06 May 2015, 20:23
1
KUDOS
Hi Guys,
AT LEAST 1 manager and AT LEAST 1 non-manager. Don't be trapped by AT LEAST.
3 members with at least 1 manager that mean there can be ONE or TWO (cannot be three because there is AT LEAST 1 non-manager). Altogether, we have two cases:
(1) 1M + 2N = choose 1 of 3 + choose 2 of 8 = 3 x 8!/(2! x 6!) = 84
(2) 2M + 1N = choose 2 of 3 + choose 1 of 8 = 3!/(2! x 1!) x 8 = 24
So (1) + (2) = 108 -> B.
Have fun with Maths!
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Re: A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. [#permalink]

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07 May 2015, 01:19
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reto wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Galiya wrote:
A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. How many different teams of 3 employees can be formed in which at least one member of the team is a manager and at least one member of the team is not a manager? (Two groups are considered different if at least one group member is different)

A. 84
B. 108
C. 135
D. 270
E. 990

I solved this task in this way:

(11!/3!*8!)-(3!+8!/3!5!)=103,
where (11!/3!*8!) is the total number of combinations and (3!+8!/3!5!) - undesirable output, e.g. only managers or non managers are in the teams
Could please someone to help me to point out, where exactly my logic comes wrong?

Direct approach:

Since there should be at least one manager and at least one non-manager among team of 3, then there should be either 1 manager and 2 non-managers OR 2 managers and 1 non-manager: $$C^1_3*C^2_8+C^2_3*C^1_8=84+24=108$$.

Reverse approach:

Total # of teams of 3 possible is $$C^3_{11}=165$$;
# of teams with only managers or only non-managers is: $$C^3_3+C^3_8=1+56=57$$;

# of teams of 3 with at least one manager or at least one non-manager is: 165-57=108.

Hope it's clear.

Dear Bunuel

I do not understand the formulas here:

C13∗C28+C23∗C18=84+24=108. > How do you calculate 84 and 24 ... it must be with factorials but I do not get the way you write it. thank you

Hi reto

C13 is just another way of writing 3C1.

So the expression here can be converted to

3C1*8C2 + 3C2*8C1
= 3*(8*7/2) + 3*8
= 84 + 24
=108
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Re: A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers. [#permalink]

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14 May 2016, 03:35
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: A certain company consists of 3 managers and 8 non-managers.   [#permalink] 14 May 2016, 03:35
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