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# A certain drug, when taken by patients with high blood pressure, was f

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Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
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A certain drug, when taken by patients with high blood pressure, was f  [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2010, 01:43
4
10
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Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (02:11) correct 43% (02:17) wrong based on 666 sessions

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A certain drug, when taken by patients with high blood pressure, was found to lower blood pressure to high-normal levels, or from an average of 30 percent to an average of 10 percent above normal. However, a survey of patients with normal blood pressure found that almost 80 percent exercised at least 5 days per week for 30 minutes and maintained a normal blood pressure. Therefore, the drug is not as effective in reducing blood pressure in patients with high blood pressure as is exercise.

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Re: A certain drug, when taken by patients with high blood pressure, was f  [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2010, 07:04
1
The author's conclusion is - that the exercise is more effective than taking drug.

His conclusion is based on a survey conducted on people with normal blood pressure. Since the survey results say that people who exercise regularly have normal blood pressure.

Thus author assumes that exercise will have same effect on all the people.

Thus if we doubt this assumption, author won't be able to reach to his conclusion.

Hence D. Thank You.

Thanks,
Akhil M.Parekh
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Re: A certain drug, when taken by patients with high blood pressure, was f  [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2010, 08:17
Let me add my 2 cents

A & D are close.

The main point of argument is the comparison between the effects of a certain drug and the effects of exercising.

The conclusion - Exercising regularly is better than the new drug

Reasons- Exercising helped 80% of normal-blood pressure patients maintain their blood-pressure level normal. Whereas the effects of the drug(only 30% to 10%) are not as good as exercising.

D is saying if high-blood pressure patients exercise regularly, 80% of them will be able to maintain their blood-pressure to normal level. That's what we need, the figure of 80%(more than 30%), to prove the conclusion.
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Re: A certain drug, when taken by patients with high blood pressure, was f  [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2010, 23:02
3

Hi nusmavrik,

Here: cr-drug-vs-exercise-96375.html is the same question. There are two differences. First, this question's choice A is actually choice D in the other question.

Second, here, choice A uses the word "no" while the other one uses the word "few". This is an important difference. In fact, the author's reasoning does not depend on the idea that none of the high-blood pressure patients exercise regularly. The denial of "none" is "at least one". Does this argument fall apart if, say, just one patient in the high-blood pressure group exercises regularly? Nope. And choice D of this question is definitely incorrect (I explained why in the other post).

Thus, my analysis is that there is nothing among the five answer choices that this author's reasoning depends on, and this is a bad question for that reason. If you have questions about why a certain answer choice is wrong, please don't hesitate to post!
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Re: A certain drug, when taken by patients with high blood pressure, was f  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2013, 03:38
The author says that exercise is better to lower blood pressure than the drug.

B: Out of scope
C: Out of scope
E: Out of scope - If it would be an assumption, wouldn't help the author.

So we're down to A & D, which are pretty close. So let's take a look at D:

If the patients all react the same on exercise, the assumption of the author would be true. But if the exercise would increase the blood pressure of some patients, the assumption would not be true. Hence, D is the right choice.
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Re: A certain drug, when taken by patients with high blood pressure, was f  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2014, 02:06
I agree with Testluv this question is wrong.
For D, we don't need to assume "all" patients because "all" includes low-blood pressure patients too and the conclusion doesn't include low-blood pressure patients...
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Re: A certain drug, when taken by patients with high blood pressure, was f  [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2015, 09:32
b2bt wrote:
I agree with Testluv this question is wrong.
For D, we don't need to assume "all" patients because "all" includes low-blood pressure patients too and the conclusion doesn't include low-blood pressure patients...

I think, question is correct

Read the question, it is clearly written thatthe survey was done on people with normal blood pressure.
So, if in choice "all" is not written, how can we take it true for high blood pressure patients.

Also, in my view choice A is nowhere close to be true, if option D is not true

Therefore, choice D is the sole contender here. Answer choice D

kudos, if you like the explanation
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Re: A certain drug, when taken by patients with high blood pressure, was f  [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2018, 17:28
therefore, the drug is not as effective in reducing blood pressure in patients with high blood pressure as is exercise.

the only to make the conclusion valid is to expect that anyone can achieve the same effect through exercising
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A certain drug, when taken by patients with high blood pressure, was f  [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2018, 15:54
nusmavrik wrote:
A certain drug, when taken by patients with high blood pressure, was found to lower blood pressure to high-normal levels, or from an average of 30 percent to an average of 10 percent above normal. However, a survey of patients with normal blood pressure found that almost 80 percent exercised at least 5 days per week for 30 minutes and maintained a normal blood pressure. Therefore, the drug is not as effective in reducing blood pressure in patients with high blood pressure as is exercise.

There is no mention of people with High BP trying to excercise in the passage. I don't know why people are harping around A.
The question is plain and straight and so is the answer.
The question is which of the following assumptions will support the whole passage.
For this we need to look into the conclusion which is marked by the cue words "therefore , as a result, hence..."
The conclusion talks about the drug being not as effective as the excercise, which leaves us with only one choice that assumes the effect of excercise is the same as that of the drug.
A certain drug, when taken by patients with high blood pressure, was f &nbs [#permalink] 17 Sep 2018, 15:54
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