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A certain moral system holds that performing good actions is

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A certain moral system holds that performing good actions is [#permalink]

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27 May 2008, 04:26
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A certain moral system holds that performing good actions is praiseworthy only when one overcomes a powerful temptation in order to perform them. Yet this same moral system also holds that performing good actions out of habit is sometimes praiseworthy.

Which one of the following, if true, does the most to reconcile the apparent conflict in the moral system described above?

(A) People who perform good actions out of habit have often acquired this habit after years of having resisted temptation.
(B) Most people face strong moral temptation from time to time but few people have to endure it regularly.
(C) People virtually always perform actions they think are good, regardless of what other people may think.
(D) Since it is difficult to tell what is going on in another person’s mind, it is often hard to know exactly how strongly a person is tempted.
(E) It is far more common for people to perform good actions out of habit than for them to do so against strong temptation.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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28 May 2008, 18:33
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vdhawan1 wrote:
7. A certain moral system holds that performing good actions is praiseworthy only when one overcomes a powerful temptation in order to perform them. Yet this same moral system also holds that performing good actions out of habit is sometimes praiseworthy.
Which one of the following, if true, does the most to reconcile the apparent conflict in the moral system described above?
(I think because of the 'only' , even if one does good actions out of habit, he should first satisfy the prior condition of 'overcoming temptation'. ONLY takes precedence over the 'SOMETIMES'. A looks good.
First sentence: (A ...ONLY when X)
Second sentence: ( A ..when Y)
Any answer that attempts to resolve the paradox will address both X and Y. Thats how we can eliminate B,C,D right away. And of course, E is obviously too generic and OUT.

(A) People who perform good actions out of habit have often acquired this habit after years of having resisted temptation.
(B) Most people face strong moral temptation from time to time but few people have to endure it regularly.
(C) People virtually always perform actions they think are good, regardless of what other people may think.
(D) Since it is difficult to tell what is going on in another person’s mind, it is often hard to know exactly how strongly a person is tempted.
(E) It is far more common for people to perform good actions out of habit than for them to do so against strong temptation.
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27 May 2008, 13:28
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vdhawan1 wrote:
7. A certain moral system holds that performing good actions is praiseworthy only when one overcomes a powerful temptation in order to perform them. Yet this same moral system also holds that performing good actions out of habit is sometimes praiseworthy.
Which one of the following, if true, does the most to reconcile the apparent conflict in the moral system described above?

we basically have to find some common ground in the above two conflicting views

(A) People who perform good actions out of habit have often acquired this habit after years of having resisted temptation.
so do these people still overcome temptation which performing good actions out of habit? This isn't clear.
(B) Most people face strong moral temptation from time to time but few people have to endure it regularly. this looks good. It says that few people endure temptation regularly. So lets say if these people also perform good actions out of habit (regularly) then there will be some common ground and hence SOMETIMES PRAISEWORTHY is true
(C) People virtually always perform actions they think are good, regardless of what other people may think. irrelevant. there is no measure of temptation in this option.
(D) Since it is difficult to tell what is going on in another person’s mind, it is often hard to know exactly how strongly a person is tempted. irrelevant. there is no habit being shown in this question and neither is any reference to how often a person is tempted
(E) It is far more common for people to perform good actions out of habit than for them to do so against strong temptation.this does nothing to bridge the gap in our two conflicting views. If anything, it strengthens the conflict
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08 Jun 2010, 09:28
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IMO A.

A certain moral system holds that performing good actions is praiseworthy only when one overcomes a powerful temptation in order to perform them. Yet this same moral system also holds that performing good actions out of habit is sometimes praiseworthy.

In premise1, we have: overcome powerful teptxn >>>> praiseworthy only then
In premise2: performing actions as a habit >>>> sometimes praiseworthy.

From premise2, what I understood is that actions are moral but praiseworthy sometimes not always. We dont have a comparison in the stimulus. Just a aparadox.

So, E is incorrect.

vd wrote:
A certain moral system holds that performing good actions is praiseworthy only when one overcomes a powerful temptation in order to perform them. Yet this same moral system also holds that performing good actions out of habit is sometimes praiseworthy.

Which one of the following, if true, does the most to reconcile the apparent conflict in the moral system described above?

(A) People who perform good actions out of habit have often acquired this habit after years of having resisted temptation.
(B) Most people face strong moral temptation from time to time but few people have to endure it regularly.
(C) People virtually always perform actions they think are good, regardless of what other people may think.
(D) Since it is difficult to tell what is going on in another person’s mind, it is often hard to know exactly how strongly a person is tempted.
(E) It is far more common for people to perform good actions out of habit than for them to do so against strong temptation.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
A

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08 Jun 2010, 09:51
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the moral holds that overcomin powerful temptation is a must for good actions to be praiseworthy.

if habitual good action is praiseworthy, then there must be a connection between habitual good action and overcoming temptation.

only A implies that relationship.
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10 Jun 2010, 08:20
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I went for option A since the precondition for praiseworthy is doing good after
overcoming a powerful temptation.
(i) overcome a powerful temptation => (ii) do good => (iii) praiseworthy
In A, the precondition for praiseworthy had been set. Then, doing good (ii) could
sometimes call for praiseworthy (iii)

B does eliminate stage (ii)- doing good. It only talks of people who resist temptation
either on a frequent or infrequent basis -who cares? So, B is out.
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13 Jun 2010, 10:28
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A and E so damn close.

Only if people who overcome temptation -> perform good actions that are praiseworthy
Only (X) -> Y

How can some good actions be sometimes praiseworthy?

Overcoming temptation is essential to argument to be praiseworthy.
Between A and E

E says that it is common for people to do good actions without overcoming temptation. >> They can do good actions but X is not satisfied. It cannot be Y (praiseworthy)

First look A doesnt resolve sometimes?
(A) People who perform good actions out of habit have often acquired this habit after years of having resisted temptation. >> I think it means all didn't do X. Only some people resist temptation, all dont.

Finally A.
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27 May 2008, 04:33
B for me ..
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27 May 2008, 04:38
bsd_lover wrote:
B for me ..

bsd_lover ...would appreciate if you can tell me ur line of thought on how u arrived at this answer

Thanks
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27 May 2008, 04:40
Will post an explanation tomorrow if correct.
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27 May 2008, 14:11
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27 May 2008, 16:12
i say A
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27 May 2008, 16:37
I think it is A...but only thing that is troubleing me is the use of the word 'sometime' cause if
People performing good actions out of habit and they haveacquired this habit after years of having resisted temptation then this should always be praisworthy why only sometimes?
so my final answer is B.
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27 May 2008, 17:58
fresinha12 wrote:
i say A

I am weak at this kind of question. I choose A but I have no strong reasoning for my choice!
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27 May 2008, 17:59
I choose E because i feel that if people perform good actions of habit more often then it must be worth lesser than the actions performed after overcoming strong temptation. This seems to be inline with the argument which seems to accord different weights to these 2 kinds of actions.
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28 May 2008, 00:27
Rishi2377 : you are missing the word "often" in A. I'll go with A. Same reason. "often" will take care of "sometimes"

rishi2377 wrote:
I think it is A...but only thing that is troubleing me is the use of the word 'sometime' cause if
People performing good actions out of habit and they haveacquired this habit after years of having resisted temptation then this should always be praisworthy why only sometimes?
so my final answer is B.
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28 May 2008, 00:36
and one thought against B.

Facing Strong Moral temptation doesn’t necessarily means that the person is performing good actions. The conflict is about how praiseworthy "performing good actions" is, not "facing moral temptation"
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28 May 2008, 01:00
A for me
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28 May 2008, 01:53
vdhawan1 wrote:
7. A certain moral system holds that performing good actions is praiseworthy only when one overcomes a powerful temptation in order to perform them. Yet this same moral system also holds that performing good actions out of habit is sometimes praiseworthy.
Which one of the following, if true, does the most to reconcile the apparent conflict in the moral system described above?
(A) People who perform good actions out of habit have often acquired this habit after years of having resisted temptation.
(B) Most people face strong moral temptation from time to time but few people have to endure it regularly.
(C) People virtually always perform actions they think are good, regardless of what other people may think.
(D) Since it is difficult to tell what is going on in another person’s mind, it is often hard to know exactly how strongly a person is tempted.
(E) It is far more common for people to perform good actions out of habit than for them to do so against strong temptation.

I go for E... heres why -
In the stem,
Statement 1: performing good actions is praiseworthy only when one overcomes temptation
Statement 2: performing good actions out of habit is sometimes praiseworthy

From E,
far more common for people to perform good actions out of habit than for them to do so against strong temptation

So, a lot of people go around doing good actions out of habit all the time.
But, this is not usually praisewothry as it is driven by temptation.
However, sometimes it is not driven by tempatation and so it is praiseworthy...
exactly the point advocated by the moral system.
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28 May 2008, 03:15
Hmm, very tough for me.

I think, A is correct.
Re: CR Question   [#permalink] 28 May 2008, 03:15

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