Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

It appears that you are browsing the GMAT Club forum unregistered!

Signing up is free, quick, and confidential.
Join other 500,000 members and get the full benefits of GMAT Club

Registration gives you:

Tests

Take 11 tests and quizzes from GMAT Club and leading GMAT prep companies such as Manhattan GMAT,
Knewton, and others. All are free for GMAT Club members.

Applicant Stats

View detailed applicant stats such as GPA, GMAT score, work experience, location, application
status, and more

Books/Downloads

Download thousands of study notes,
question collections, GMAT Club’s
Grammar and Math books.
All are free!

Thank you for using the timer!
We noticed you are actually not timing your practice. Click the START button first next time you use the timer.
There are many benefits to timing your practice, including:

A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, [#permalink]

Show Tags

20 Jul 2008, 00:15

2

This post received KUDOS

25

This post was BOOKMARKED

00:00

A

B

C

D

E

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (02:07) correct
42% (02:52) wrong based on 373 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, $35, $40, $45 and $70, respectively. On a given day, the price of one stock increased by 15%, while the price of another decreased by 35% and the prices of the remaining three remained constant. If the average price of a stock in the portfolio rose by approximately 2%, which of the following could be the prices of the shares that remained constant?

A. 20, 35, 70 B. 20, 45, 70 C. 20, 35, 40 D. 35, 40, 70 E. 35, 40, 45

Re: A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, [#permalink]

Show Tags

21 Jul 2008, 06:05

generally we start with the midlle terms and then you move on one side......But depends upon the experience that one selects the limits.....POE
_________________

Re: A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, [#permalink]

Show Tags

21 Jul 2008, 15:09

1

This post received KUDOS

bigfernhead wrote:

How did you know which price to increase and decrease?

Is it by process of elimination (trying each one by one), or is there a quicker method.

I decreased the minimum and increased the maximum, therefore the gap I got is the biggest we can get. And it is still not sufficient to reach the 2% mark : so this is the answer.

A more general method if you do not see it from the begining is as follow :

- compute 2% of the total (here 210*2% = 4.2)

- write down the five numbers and compute for each one what it means to increase it by 15% or decrease it by 35%

A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, [#permalink]

Show Tags

04 Dec 2008, 18:25

4

This post was BOOKMARKED

A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, $35, $40, $45 and $70, respectively. On a given day, the price of one stock increased by 15%, while the price of another decreased by 35% and the prices of the remaining three remained constant. If the average price of a stock in the portfolio rose by approximately 2%, which of the following could be the prices of the shares that remained constant?

A. 20, 35, 70 B. 20, 45, 70 C. 20, 35, 40 D. 35, 40, 70 E. 35, 40, 45

A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, $35, $40, $45 and $70, respectively. On a given day, the price of one stock increased by 15%, while the price of another decreased by 35% and the prices of the remaining three remained constant. If the average price of a stock in the portfolio rose by approximately 2%, which of the following could be the prices of the shares that remained constant?

A) 20, 35, 70 B) 20, 45, 70 C) 20, 35, 40 D) 35, 40, 70 E) 35, 40, 45

E) 35, 40, 45

It has to be E cuz the 2% of of the portfolio is approx 4.00 and the diff between 15% of 70 and 35% of 20 = 3.50. so this is the most closest.
_________________

A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, $35, $40, $45 and $70, respectively. On a given day, the price of one stock increased by 15%, while the price of another decreased by 35% and the prices of the remaining three remained constant. If the average price of a stock in the portfolio rose by approximately 2%, which of the following could be the prices of the shares that remained constant?

A) 20, 35, 70

B) 20, 45, 70

C) 20, 35, 40

D) 35, 40, 70

E) 35, 40, 45

Use logic and the calculations involved will be negligible. Since we have been given that there is an overall increase, the increase should be greater than the decrease. So 15% of A > 35% of B

Now think that 15% of A will be equal to 30% of B if A is twice of B. But 15% of A is greater than 30% of B so A must be greater than twice of B. In fact 15% of A is greater than 35% of B so A must be substantially greater than twice of B. So B has to be 20 because we have values more than twice of 20 (which are 45 and 70). We don't have any values which are more than twice of any other given number (30, 35, 40, 70).

A can be 45 or 70. I would bet on 70 since A has be substantially greater than twice of 20. Even if I want to confirm, 10% of 20 is 2 so 30% of 20 is 6. 5% of 20 is 1 so 35% of 20 is 7. 15% of A has to be greater than 7. Only 70 satisfies this since 10% of 70 is 7.
_________________

A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, $35, $40, $45, and $70, respectively. On a given day, the price of one stock increased by 15%, while the price of another stock decreased by 35% and the prices of the remaining three remained constant. If the average price of a stock in the portfolio rose by approximately 2%, which of the following could be the prices of the shares that remained constant?

(A) $20, $35, and $70 (B) $20, $45, and $70 (C) $20, $35, and $40 (D) $35, $40, and $70 (E) $35, $40, and $45

Unfortunately, the official answer is not provided. Can someone please help?

This is a pure trial and error question. You should try 5*4 options.

But there may be a short cut. Increase of one by 15% and decrease of other buy 35% means a little increase. Thus, the increasing one must be at least 2,3 times of the decreasing one. There is only one probability that is 20 and 70. 70*0,15-20*0,35=3,5 is 1,7 percent of original sum.

There is a 15% increase in one number and a 35% decrease in other number. But the result is a total increase in sum. This means 15% of a number is slightly bigger that 35%of other number in the set. There is only one possibility for this. That is 70 and 20.

Re: A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, [#permalink]

Show Tags

03 Dec 2013, 02:50

1

This post received KUDOS

snaps wrote:

A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, $35, $40, $45 and $70, respectively. On a given day, the price of one stock increased by 15%, while the price of another decreased by 35% and the prices of the remaining three remained constant. If the average price of a stock in the portfolio rose by approximately 2%, which of the following could be the prices of the shares that remained constant?

A. 20, 35, 70 B. 20, 45, 70 C. 20, 35, 40 D. 35, 40, 70 E. 35, 40, 45

Sum of price of all stocks : $ 210 Avg price : $ 42

The average price of the stock goes up by 2% of Avg stock price which is $ 0.84-------> This indicates the total increase in the sum is 0.84*5 = $ + 4.20

from the Q we can say that since the avg stock price has gone up therefore 0.15A - 0.35B >0. A has to be greater than B and thus we have

or 0.15A- 0.35B ~ 4.2$ Now 35% of 20 = 7 and 15% of 70 = 10.5 Diff : 3.5 0.15*35 = ~ 5.25 and 15 % of 70 =10.5 Diff: ~ 5 0.15*35= 5.25. and 15% of 45 = 6.75, Diff~ 1.5

For any other combination ex B = 35 and 0.35 B = 12.25 and A =0.15*70 = 10.5 and the difference between A and B is negative and as B increase the the difference of A and B will become more negative.

Hence Ans option E. The values which are constant

_________________

“If you can't fly then run, if you can't run then walk, if you can't walk then crawl, but whatever you do you have to keep moving forward.”

Re: A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, [#permalink]

Show Tags

24 Mar 2014, 04:53

snaps wrote:

A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, $35, $40, $45 and $70, respectively. On a given day, the price of one stock increased by 15%, while the price of another decreased by 35% and the prices of the remaining three remained constant. If the average price of a stock in the portfolio rose by approximately 2%, which of the following could be the prices of the shares that remained constant?

A. 20, 35, 70 B. 20, 45, 70 C. 20, 35, 40 D. 35, 40, 70 E. 35, 40, 45

Average is 42 2%= .8 (App) Total in Increase in the portfolio is 4 ( As each stock increases by 0.8 => 5 x 0.8)

Difference between the varying stock prices should be 4

Lets take the first and the most conservative case: 22 decreases by 35% = 7.7 A corresponding increase in a stock price of approx 11 is required to bring the difference in stock prices to 4 We can quickly conclude that 70 ( 7 x 15= 10.5) is as good as it gets...coz any stock other than 22 will have an even greater numerical decrease with a 35% decline in its value and has no share that can maintain the difference of 4 ...as we have already taken the highest increase of 15% in 70
_________________

Appreciate the efforts...KUDOS for all Don't let an extra chromosome get you down..

Re: A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, [#permalink]

Show Tags

01 May 2014, 08:18

sayansarkar wrote:

@jlgdr: you mean 15x-35y>0

hence (x/y)>(7/3) when you put x = 70 and y = 20 this equation is satisfied. here x/y is 7/2 > 7/3

Not so. Its supposed to be 37y by concept of differentials. See if price of total average rose by 2% and the price of one of the components declined by 35% then the difference is -35--2 = 35+2 = 37

Re: A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, [#permalink]

Show Tags

09 May 2017, 00:50

arjtryarjtry wrote:

A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, $35, $40, $45 and $70, respectively. On a given day, the price of one stock increased by 15%, while the price of another decreased by 35% and the prices of the remaining three remained constant. If the average price of a stock in the portfolio rose by approximately 2%, which of the following could be the prices of the shares that remained constant?

A. 20, 35, 70 B. 20, 45, 70 C. 20, 35, 40 D. 35, 40, 70 E. 35, 40, 45

15% of A = 35% of B. given that the average price of a stock in the portfolio rose by approximately 2%.That means A is slightly more than twice of B. 35% of 20 is 7 and 15% of 70 is 10.5.thus choice E matches.

Re: A certain portfolio consisted of 5 stocks, priced at $20, [#permalink]

Show Tags

12 Sep 2017, 09:27

Oski wrote:

bigfernhead wrote:

How did you know which price to increase and decrease?

Is it by process of elimination (trying each one by one), or is there a quicker method.

I decreased the minimum and increased the maximum, therefore the gap I got is the biggest we can get. And it is still not sufficient to reach the 2% mark : so this is the answer.

A more general method if you do not see it from the begining is as follow :

- compute 2% of the total (here 210*2% = 4.2)

- write down the five numbers and compute for each one what it means to increase it by 15% or decrease it by 35%

- then, "play" with the 10 numbers you get to be as close as possible to this 4.2

Only 15% gain of 70 and -35% (depreciation) of 20 shall together provide an increase of 2% to all stock options. Rest all combinations shall provide negative value as in table