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# A chemical company claims that, since only one of 520 rats

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A chemical company claims that, since only one of 520 rats [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2006, 21:53
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A chemical company claims that, since only one of 520 rats that were given high doses of a new artificial sweetener developed cancer while all the others remained healthyy, the sweetener is not carcinogenic for human beings and ought to be approved for human consumption.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the chemical company's claim?

a) Chemicals that are carcinogenic for rats are usually also carcinogenic for other animals, such as guinea pigs, used in experiments.

b) The spontaneous incidence of cancer in this particular strain of rats is approximately one in 540.

c) Tests conducted on a certain strain of mouse show that, of 500 mice given a dose of sweetener similar to that given the rats, 53 developed cancer.

d) Certain chemicals that are carcinogenic for human beings have been shown not to be carcinogenic for rats.

e) The average life span of the strain of rat used in the experiment is 2 years; the chemical company terminated the experiment when the rats were 13 months old.
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12 Feb 2006, 22:31
IMO its C.

There is close contest b/w C & D, but D is 180.
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Re: CR from ETS code 55 (#10) [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2006, 22:36
BARIDDLA wrote:
A chemical company claims that, since only one of 520 rats that were given high doses of a new artificial sweetener developed cancer while all the others remained healthyy, the sweetener is not carcinogenic for human beings and ought to be approved for human consumption.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the chemical company's claim?

a) Chemicals that are carcinogenic for rats are usually also carcinogenic for other animals, such as guinea pigs, used in experiments.

b) The spontaneous incidence of cancer in this particular strain of rats is approximately one in 540.

c) Tests conducted on a certain strain of mouse show that, of 500 mice given a dose of sweetener similar to that given the rats, 53 developed cancer.

d) Certain chemicals that are carcinogenic for human beings have been shown not to be carcinogenic for rats.

e) The average life span of the strain of rat used in the experiment is 2 years; the chemical company terminated the experiment when the rats were 13 months old.

I'm with E here.

If the company terminated the experiment in just 13 months, with no effects on the mice, it couldbe possible that the sweetener would have had an effect had the company tested it for the full life span for these rats. Since no effects were shown in these months, the comany can claim that the sweetener isnt carconogenic.
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12 Feb 2006, 23:05
I will go with D..

I remember going through an example in OG.. Inference question, I believe.. they picked 180.. saying the opposite will hold true..

C makes sense since it says that the effects are differet for different species of animals.. but does not say anything about human being..
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12 Feb 2006, 23:12
(E) for me too
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13 Feb 2006, 05:28
please corret where i went wrong.

the question is to show which supports the chem com's claim right!

then D will actually weaken it wont it???

by saying , the chemicals wont be good for humans n rats???

explain the 180 thing u r talking abt pls
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13 Feb 2006, 08:26
razrulz wrote:
please corret where i went wrong.

the question is to show which supports the chem com's claim right!

then D will actually weaken it wont it???

by saying , the chemicals wont be good for humans n rats???

explain the 180 thing u r talking abt pls

yup agree with you razulz ..the question is asking for which one supports the claim.

so I will go with B .....as it shows that the chances are one in 500 .

what is OA ..?
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Re: CR from ETS code 55 (#10) [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2006, 17:03
I'll take B.

B says that the rats are no more likely to have cancer before the experiement, and the ratio did not change after the experiment was conducted.

I do believe D weakens the argument.
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13 Feb 2006, 17:47

I left it blank, taking a stand against the author of this question .
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Re: CR from ETS code 55 (#10) [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2006, 19:16
TeHCM wrote:
I'll take B.

B says that the rats are no more likely to have cancer before the experiement, and the ratio did not change after the experiment was conducted.

I do believe D weakens the argument.

Thanks for nice explanation TeHCM
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13 Feb 2006, 21:37
Good question !
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19 Feb 2006, 00:55
A is out of scope and D is the trap answer for those who misread the stem. That leaves us with (B).
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19 Feb 2006, 15:10
B.
Rate of incidence of cancer before and after the test remained the same. hence the food item is safe.
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19 Feb 2006, 19:44
A chemical company claims that, since only one of 520 rats that were given high doses of a new artificial sweetener developed cancer while all the others remained healthyy, the sweetener is not carcinogenic for human beings and ought to be approved for human consumption.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the chemical company's claim?

Question type: Strengthen
Conclusion: sweetner is not carcinogenic for HB and ought to be approved
Evidence: 1/520 rats when given high does of new sweetner dev. cancer, while others remained healthy.
Analysis: Looking for Additional evidence to support conclusion.

a) Chemicals that are carcinogenic for rats are usually also carcinogenic for other animals, such as guinea pigs, used in experiments.

irrelevant piece of information to argument

b) The spontaneous incidence of cancer in this particular strain of rats is approximately one in 540.

additional evidence, in line with the conclusion

c) Tests conducted on a certain strain of mouse show that, of 500 mice given a dose of sweetener similar to that given the rats, 53 developed cancer.

greater % of mic developed of cancer, what can u say about human...how about nothing

d) Certain chemicals that are carcinogenic for human beings have been shown not to be carcinogenic for rats.

weakens the conclusion, certain c C for HB => Not C for Rats, logical opposite => No C for HB => C for Rats

e) The average life span of the strain of rat used in the experiment is 2 years; the chemical company terminated the experiment when the rats were 13 months old

slightly weakens the conclusion
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20 Feb 2006, 19:12
late but by POE, came up with B ....
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20 Feb 2006, 21:08
I thought none of the answer choices were right in the beginning. But, the explanation offered for (B) is good. I will go with (B) now. It is the best among the lot.
Good question. Thanks.
20 Feb 2006, 21:08
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