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A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara

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New post 27 May 2020, 01:55
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A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered characters, sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended.


(A) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

(B) had sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

(C) had sued an animation studio before the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

(D) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters had ended

(E) has sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters was over

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Re: A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2020, 02:09
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A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered characters, sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended.

(A) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

(B) had sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

(C) had sued an animation studio before the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

(D) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters had ended

(E) has sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters was over

Two actions happened - 'suing' and 'ending of the production'. production ended first so had ended has to be used here. Although plagiarism is also an action, it's in the modifier.
Only D uses 'had ended'.

IMO Answer D.
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Re: A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2020, 02:34
A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered characters, sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended.


(A) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended -- CORRECT, simple past tense through and through. "after the production" already makes the timeline clear.

(B) had sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended -- wrong tense switch

(C) had sued an animation studio before the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended -- "before" changes meaning

(D) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters had ended -- "had ended" is not needed as the timeline is perfectly clear

(E) has sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters was over -- "present perfect" tense is not correct here.


Answer should be A
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Re: A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2020, 02:34
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(A) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

(B) had sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

(C) had sued an animation studio before the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

(D) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters had ended.
..........
sued - past simple
had ended - past perfect..........correct

(E) has sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters was over


OA:D
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A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered characters, sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended.


We must not be fastidious about the use of a comma before which in such questions perhaps because punctuation is not tested in GMAT. All the fie choices do not use the legendary comma before which.


(A) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended --- it misses the past perfect marker ‘had before ended, which is the earlier event.

(B) had sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended – suing is the later event. Can’t use pst perfect for that verb

(C) had sued an animation studio before the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended –distorted meaning; it didn’t sue the studio until the production ended.

(D) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters had ended --- The correct choice

(E) has sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters was over --- present perfect is inappropriate for a past event.
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Re: A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2020, 05:57
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Quote:
A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered characters, sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended.

(A) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ende
(B) had sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended
(C) had sued an animation studio before the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended
(D) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters had ended
(E) has sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters was over


notes:
timeline ----prod ended---company sued---
the past perfect "had" is used to express the most distant past when referring to two events that happened in the past

ans (D)
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Re: A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2020, 08:38
Ans:D
(D) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters had ended
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A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 28 May 2020, 01:33
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A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered characters, sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended.

Sequence: Movie Production ended---Industry sued animation studio.
Past perfect (for earlier event) & Simple past (for later)

(A) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended -Incorrect

(B) had sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

(C) had sued an animation studio before the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

(D) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters had ended - Correct

(E) has sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters was over

Originally posted by MayankSingh on 27 May 2020, 08:48.
Last edited by MayankSingh on 28 May 2020, 01:33, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2020, 09:21
A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered characters, sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended.

A comic book industry giant needs a verb hence option A and D is incorrect is incorrect. option C chances the meaning by using before hence eliminated option C. IMO E. present perfect tense

(A) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

(B) had sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

(C) had sued an animation studio before the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

(D) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters had ended

(E) has sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters was over
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Re: A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2020, 09:49
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IMO it is D.

D) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters had ended

We are looking for past perfect tense here since the timeline is first the movie ended and soon after that the studio was sued. Past perfect is used when the event is completed BEFORE another past event occurs.

Therefore, movie HAD ENDED is what we are looking for. That's only in option D

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Re: A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2020, 09:49
This question makes us chose between:
a) simple past ..... after ..... simple past
d) simple past ..... after ..... perfect past

In case we already have clear time indicators such as: before, after the use of perfect tense is not necessary.
Correct answer is A
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A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 28 May 2020, 07:03
D it is .
Meaning :
A comic book industry giant sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie had ended.
This movie copied the content of these characters .

Even if , Time marker after properly connects the chronological sequence of event . we need a had before ended to make the meaning more clear.

A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered characters, sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended.


(A) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended


(B) had sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

-- Use of Had sued distorts the meaning illogically. So out .

(C) had sued an animation studio before the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

-- Use of Had sued distorts the meaning of original choice. So out .

(D) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters had ended

Correct
(E) has sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters was over
-- Present perfect tense change the meaning of the original choice. -- out .
A could be my ans.

I was confused with A , but realized that D is apt.
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Originally posted by DasAshishAshutosh on 27 May 2020, 17:02.
Last edited by DasAshishAshutosh on 28 May 2020, 07:03, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2020, 22:45
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I think its "D". Sued action is after the movie ended. The Usage of "has" is wrong as action is now not continuing. Also "had" with sued is wrong.
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Re: A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 01:38

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered characters, sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended.


(A) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect.

This question describes two past actions, one preceding the other. First, production ended. Then, the comic book industry giant sued. In such cases, the first of the two actions should be in Past Perfect, and the later action should be in Past Simple.

This answer choice incorrectly describes both actions in Past Simple (sued, ended), which implies that they both happened at the same time, rather than one after the other.



(B) had sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect.

This answer choice incorrectly uses the Past Simple to describe the earlier of the two actions (ended) and the Past Perfect to describe the later action (had sued).



(C) had sued an animation studio before the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended

Incorrect.

While grammatically correct, this answer choice changes the original meaning. Replacing soon after with before switches the order of occurrences: in the original sentence, first the production ended and only then did the comic book industry giant sue. In this answer choice, it is the other way around.



(D) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters had ended

This answer choice correctly uses the Past Perfect (had ended) to describe an action that had been completed before another action occurred in the past. In this case, the production had ended before the comic book company sued the animation studios.


(E) has sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters was over

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect.

This answer choice uses Past Simple (was) instead of Past Perfect to describe the first of the two actions. Moreover, it uses Present Perfect (has sued) instead of Past Simple to describe the later of the two actions.

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Re: A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 06:01
daagh wrote:
A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered characters, sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended.


We must not be fastidious about the use of a comma before which in such questions perhaps because punctuation is not tested in GMAT. All the fie choices do not use the legendary comma before which.


(A) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended --- it misses the past perfect marker ‘had before ended, which is the earlier event.

(B) had sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended – suing is the later event. Can’t use pst perfect for that verb

(C) had sued an animation studio before the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters ended –distorted meaning; it didn’t sue the studio until the production ended.

(D) sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters had ended --- The correct choice

(E) has sued an animation studio soon after the production of a movie which plagiarized these characters was over --- present perfect is inappropriate for a past event.


Hi Sir,

Although I am big fan of your explanations but could not find this one as good as the previous explanation. Under Option A, You said that present perfect is needed, Could you please explain me why???. Present perfect is need to explain the sequencing and under this option sequencing is already clear as author has used "After" to clear the sequence of events. In few option question when after is used, Moderators says that present perfect is not needed as sequencing is clear. In this Question Option A is eliminated based on the fact of not using present perfect. I think the elimination of option A on the basis of Past perfect usage is not correct
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A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 08:32
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Vishu

You are at the height of confusion. Did I say, ‘present perfect’ or ‘past perfect’ is missing?
Please revise your understanding of verb tense forms from some good reading. Your notion that the present perfect is needed for pointing the sequence of the timeline is wrong. Present perfect is required whether something or its impact is still there.

cool cool! please don’t jump to hasty conclusions.
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New post 28 May 2020, 08:47
daagh wrote:
Vishu

You are at the height of confusion. Did I say, ‘present perfect’ or ‘past perfect’ is missing?
Please revise your understanding of verb tense forms from some good reading. Your notion that the present perfect is needed for pointing the sequence of the timeline is wrong. Present perfect is required whether something or its impact is still there.

cool cool! please don’t jump to hasty conclusions.



Hi Sir,

Its not a height of confusion it's a typing mistake ( human error)..it's past perfect tense to whome I am refering not present perfect.

And I guess I do have good understanding of tenses and well versed with their usage..

As now we are clear... with the confusion... could you please elaborate why past perfect is required...even though sequencing of events is cleary conveyed in the scentence

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New post 28 May 2020, 09:14
The confusion is between choices (A) and (D). The use of the word 'after' clearly gives us the timeline. We know that the production ended first and then the animation studio was sued. Why is the use of past perfect verb 'had ended' still required?
Apart from the tense, (A) and (D) are identical.

Please help!
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Re: A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 23:49
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Vishu and ABCD

‘After’ may mean one after the other in quick succession, but the use of past perfect makes the sequence crystal clear. Please note such things are optional and not make or break rules. In GMAT, one can see umpteen cases of past perfect being used in spite of the timeline marker as you can see below.

1. In 1981 children in the United States spent an average of slightly less than two and a half hours a week doing household chores; by 1997 they had spent nearly six hours a week.


(A) chores; by 1997 they had spent nearly six hours a week

(B) chores; by 1997 that figure had grown to nearly six hours a week

Ans B

2. Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were constructed in violation of the city's building code.

(A) Some buildings that were destroyed and heavily damaged in the earthquake last year were
(B) Some buildings that were destroyed or heavily damaged in the earthquake last year had been
Ans B

One more notion by a legend -Stacey on the use of past perfect
https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/foru ... t2008.html

Quote:
Also, for that before/after rule. It's not saying that you cannot have past perfect - only that it's not required anymore. Typically, if the meaning of the sentence is "this one thing happened RIGHT before this other thing - very close in time" then I don't generally use past perfect. If they are still widely separated, though, then I may use it.


Please search for more official examples. Timeline marker or not, I personally prefer to use past perfect as long as there are two events in sequence with a reasonable gap.

The take away is that GMAT does not seek to teach grammar. It is communication in an accepted style by the conventions of the people. We must be flexible enough to follow a Roman in Rome.

If you still think otherwise, you are welcome to continue your way and I bestow my best wishes.
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Re: A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara   [#permalink] 28 May 2020, 23:49

A comic book industry giant, known for its popular super-powered chara

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