BunuelHi,
I am still a bit confused.
In the above solution, I assumed that 2/8 is considered, because there are 2 favourable outcomes i.e. Bob or Rachel can be chosen from 8. After that is done, then only 1 favourable outcome remains i.e. choosing 1 out of remaining seven via 1/7. Hence total probability is 2/8*1/7 = 1/28.
But as per what i understand from you, it should be 1/8*1/7*2!. (2! as they can both be arranged in 2 ways)
In such a case, when taking 1/8 we are only considering 1 favourable outcome out of eight outcomes. But then it should be 2/8 for the reasons mentioned above i.e. Both Rachel and bob are favourable and only after 1 of them is chosen, are we left with only 1 favourable option. Could you kindly confirm where am i going wrong?
Secondly, can i take it as a thumb rule, that after calculating probability, i will need to always consider ways of arrangement, if applicable?
Let me try again. The logic is 100% the same as with the original question. We want both B and R. There is one B and one R. Choosing B first and then R: 1/8*1/7. Choosing R first and then B: 1/8*1/7. The sum = 2*1/8*1/7. Or the way we did in original question: 1/8*1/7*2!.