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# A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the

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A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2012, 09:44
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A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Company P are dissatisfied with their jobs. However, an investigation into working conditions at the company showed nothing uncommonly bad. Therefore, Company P's consulting firm concluded that the employees' dissatisfaction must result from an unusually high incidence of psychological problems on their part.

Each of the following, if true, casts doubt on the consulting firm's conclusion EXCEPT:

a. In the investigation of working conditions, no account was taken of the fact that for the past year many Company P employees worked on a joint venture with Company O, at Company O's facilities.
b. Workers in many companies are dissatisfied although there are no apparent problems with their working conditions.
c. The consulting firm's conception of what constitutes uncommonly bad working conditions is not identical to that of Company P's employees.
d. The reasons given by Company P's employees for their dissatisfaction varied greatly from employee to employee.
e. A battery of tests performed on Company P's employees one month ago revealed no significant psychological stresses or problems
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: CR 700 level - 2 [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2012, 11:18
"casts doubt EXCEPT" means that we must find an answer choice ,which DOESNT weaken (note- it doesnt mean that we have to find an answer choice, which strengthen the conclusion).

Premise- A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Company P are dissatisfied with their jobs.

Counter Premise -However, an investigation into working conditions at the company showed nothing uncommonly bad.

Conclusion -Therefore, Company P's consulting firm concluded that the employees' dissatisfaction must result from an unusually high incidence of psychological problems on their part.

answ choice D has no influence on the conclusion. So, this choice DOESNT weaken
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Re: CR 700 level - 2 [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2012, 11:29
The question can be seen also in that way: a top down line between Company and employees or vice versa.

D instead is a flat connection among the latter so do not adreess something with company i.e: is ininfluent at the point at issue.

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Re: CR 700 level - 2 [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2012, 13:54
I missed the part EXCEPT initially. But upon close review of stem, D seems to be a correct answer.
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Re: CR 700 level - 2 [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2012, 22:13
I got D. But how does B weaken the argument?
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A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2013, 04:16
A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Company P are dissatisfied with their jobs. However, an investigation into working conditions at the company showed
nothing uncommonly bad. Therefore, Company P’s consulting firm concluded that the employees’ dissatisfaction must result from an unusually high incidence of psychological problems on their part.
Each of the following, if true, casts doubt on the consulting firm’s conclusion EXCEPT:

(A) In the investigation of working conditions, no account was taken of the fact that for the past year many Company P employees worked on a joint venture with Company O, at Company O’s facilities.
(B) Workers in many companies are dissatisfied although there are no apparent problems with their working conditions.
(C) The consulting firm’s conception of what constitutes uncommonly bad working conditions is not identical to that of Company P’s employees.
(D) The reasons given by Company P’s employees for their dissatisfaction varied greatly from employee to employee.
(E) A battery of sets performed on Company P’s employees one month ago revealed no significant psychological stresses or problems.

Last edited by Zarrolou on 11 Jul 2013, 06:29, edited 1 time in total.
Merging similar topics.
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2013, 04:56
nikhil.jones.s wrote:
A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Company P are dissatisfied with their jobs. However, an investigation into working conditions at the company showed
nothing uncommonly bad. Therefore, Company P’s consulting firm concluded that the employees’ dissatisfaction must result from an unusually high incidence of psychological problems on their part.
Each of the following, if true, casts doubt on the consulting firm’s conclusion EXCEPT:

(A) In the investigation of working conditions, no account was taken of the fact that for the past year many Company P employees worked on a joint venture with Company O, at Company O’s facilities.
(B) Workers in many companies are dissatisfied although there are no apparent problems with their working conditions.
(C) The consulting firm’s conception of what constitutes uncommonly bad working conditions is not identical to that of Company P’s employees.
(D) The reasons given by Company P’s employees for their dissatisfaction varied greatly from employee to employee.
(E) A battery of sets performed on Company P’s employees one month ago revealed no significant psychological stresses or problems.

IMO D

CONCLUSION:==> the employees’ dissatisfaction must result from an unusually high incidence of psychological problems on their part.

FOUR OF THE ANSWER CHOICES ARE GOING TO WEAKEN==>means 4 answers are going to show that there is either no psychological problem with the employee or some other problematic reason is thereWHICH MIGHT BE CAUSING dissatisfaction within the employee.
the left answer will be either neutral to conclusion or strengthen the conclusion..and that will be correct answer.

(A) In the investigation of working conditions, no account was taken of the fact that for the past year many Company P employees worked on a joint venture with Company O, at Company O’s facilities.===>Now past year many employee worked on joint venture with 2 companies==>so concluding on the basis of investigation of any one company might be wrong==>this weakens ===>incorrect

(B) Workers in many companies are dissatisfied although there are no apparent problems with their working conditions.==>if some problems cant be seen then judging that worker is dissatisfied because of psychological problem( as investigator was not able to see that problem he is not considering that problem) is wrong===>weakening==>incorrect

(C) The consulting firm’s conception of what constitutes uncommonly bad working conditions is not identical to that of Company P’s employees.==>if consulting firms criteria for bad working condition is different from the employees criteria..then concluding that employee are dissatisfied due to psychological reason is not correct==>weakening==>incorrect

(D) The reasons given by Company P’s employees for their dissatisfaction varied greatly from employee to employee.===>we dont know why the employees are dissatisfied..it can be any reason...we are not sure whether they are dissatisfied because of working condition or because of psychological problem within them==>this is like neutral to conclusion===>correct

(E) A battery of sets performed on Company P’s employees one month ago revealed no significant psychological stresses or problems===>this one clearly gives us evidence to believe that the emplyees were psychologically fit===>weakens==>incorrect.
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2013, 07:37
psdeol wrote:
A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Company P are dissatisfied with their jobs. However, an investigation into working conditions at the company showed nothing uncommonly bad. Therefore, Company P's consulting firm concluded that the employees' dissatisfaction must result from an unusually high incidence of psychological problems on their part.

Each of the following, if true, casts doubt on the consulting firm's conclusion EXCEPT:

a. In the investigation of working conditions, no account was taken of the fact that for the past year many Company P employees worked on a joint venture with Company O, at Company O's facilities.
b. Workers in many companies are dissatisfied although there are no apparent problems with their working conditions.
c. The consulting firm's conception of what constitutes uncommonly bad working conditions is not identical to that of Company P's employees.
d. The reasons given by Company P's employees for their dissatisfaction varied greatly from employee to employee.
e. A battery of tests performed on Company P's employees one month ago revealed no significant psychological stresses or problems

I will treat this one as a tricky "EXCEPT" question.So let us first paraphrase the situation and then get down to the correct choice.

Situation : A confidential survey about company P has revealed that 75% of the employees are dissatisfied with their current jobs.However, a XYZ consulting firm hired by P says otherwise...and concludes that the reason why employees are dissatisfied is due to high rate of psychological problems faced by them.

Options A,C and E are definitely weakening the conclusion provided by the consulting firm.

The only options left are B and D.

B...This can be eliminated it gives us generic information about employees in different companies,whereas we would want a situation specific to company P.

D...If the reason given for employees' dissatisfaction, varied drastically among different employees,then this has to be attributed to other psychological problems faced by the employees ....because if the cause of their problem was the working conditions at company P ,the reason shouldn't have varied greatly...There would have been a common reason...Correct Answer
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2015, 08:24
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the   [#permalink] 15 Aug 2015, 08:24
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