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A controversial figure throughout most of his public life,

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Re: A controversial figure [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2011, 22:10
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that does not rule out A as there is nothing wrong with return.
present tense--- he adovates the return
past tense--- he advocated the return.
the verb to be conjugated is advocate , not return.
IMO A
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Re: A controversial figure [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2011, 08:55
The key here is the phrase, ‘to him’; It is used to mean ‘according to him’ and is therefore set off within commas. Without the use of commas, the phrase modifies freedom and thus erroneously means freedom to the Black leader. That is why we have to reject B, C and E, notwithstanding other aberrations inherent in them.


In A, it may be noted that the verb ‘return’ is used in the imperative form of present subjunctive mood. ‘Advocated’ is one of the so called bossy words here, coming as they are from a leader of the status of Marcus Garvey. Hence let there be no be no doubt about the use of the word ‘return’ in choice A. In D, the use of the gerund ‘returning’ is too awkward to consider. A wins after all.
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Re: A controversial figure [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2011, 10:30
gmataspirant2009 wrote:
5. A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.
(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom
(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him
(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him
(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom
(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa


Hi,

Imo the subjunctive mood is tested here... advocated that... return (in be form). So A should be just about right. D and E are out for that reason.
In B, "that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him"- Blacks return to the African land of what? It should be written as, that some Blacks return to Africa. And the sentence takes on a different meaning.
It's saying that the return of the Blacks symbolized the possibility of freedom to him, when it should mean that the land (Africa) symbolized the possibility of freedom. B is definitely out.
In C, "that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him" - "which was the land" indicates that it is no more the land. The only thing that has changed (which would make sense) is the fact that at one time Africa symbolized the possibility of freedom to him (Now that he's passed, it would make sense to say that Africa did mean something to him but not any more since he's not alive).
A is right, " Africa, the land that" is constructed correctly. The land properly modifies Africa. The rest of the sentence is also properly written to create a clear and concise sentence. IMHO

HTH

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Re: African Land [#permalink]

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A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.

(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom
looks good --> leave it
(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him
changes meaning --> the african land symbolizing doesn't really explain exactly which land, but the original sentence has an intended meaning that Africa is the land
(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him
using which twice is poor word choice
(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom
(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa
D and E - advocates is a directive verb so it needs to be followed either by "that" + a verb in root form, or by an infinitive verb. neither are present here

Must be A

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Re: African Land [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2011, 00:50
A.+1.

Advocated makes sense followed by that and A is gramatically correct and concise.

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Re: African Land [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2011, 07:49
Wow! I was surprised I got this, 'cos it was Process Of Elimination all the way! B, D and E were out of the reckoning right at the start. A was better because it was more succinct and clear than C.
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Re: African Land [#permalink]

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I wish to point out one factor of GMAT SC i.e. the importance or word order, an aspect that has been missed out in the posts.

Why are B C and E wrong? Because all of them state – freedom to him as though Garvey was talking about freedom to his personal self. However, the text means freedom for all the Blacks. Clubbing of the phrase ‘to him’ along with freedom is wrong word order.

Of course, this leaves out A and D, between which A is better because of using the present subjunctive verb ‘ that Blacks return’ rather than the incongruous gerund ‘Black’s returning’. The apostrophe plus s denotes that Black is used in singular rather than –“Blacks’” in plural.

Hope this gives one more insight into this topic now.
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A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, [#permalink]

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5. A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.

(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom
(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him
(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him
(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom
(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa

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Re: A controversial Figure [#permalink]

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gjayachandra wrote:
5. A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.

(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom
(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him
(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him
(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom
(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa



the bossy verb advocate indicates that subjunctive mood may be tested.

B ) the construction of this sentence is such that it looks as if there is particular part of africa that symbolises possibility of freedom to Marcus Garvey. Not Africa in general.

c) which was the land which. The second which is definitely wrong as it is part of restrictive clause. It should have been that.

D and E are out for using 'black's' , possessive is not needed here.

A, B and C use subjunctive but B & C introduce some errors. A is wordy but still best of the lot. So A is correct.

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Re: A controversial Figure [#permalink]

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Here is a classic case of how improper modification through misplaced word order or punctuation can play a disastrous role in meddling with the logical meaning of a given GMAT SC. Please note tht the passage in general means freedom to the Black tribe and not freedom to Garvey alone. Chocie, B, C and E can be thrown out for wrongly meaning to refer to freedom to Garvey by not setting off the modifier 'to him' in commas, thus essentializing the modification.

In D, the first pointer is the grammatical flaw of the absence of comma before which, a non-restrictive modifier. In addition, by singularizing Blacks to a single Black’s returning, the intended meaning is awfully distorted by implying that some individual Black’s return to Africa is going to symbolize the freedom to the entire race.

A is thus rendered the best with proper placement and treatment of the modifier and with the use of the present imperative subjunctive mood
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Re: A controversial Figure [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2011, 01:14
Clear cut A. Took me almost 2 minutes.

I need to increase my speed in SC without disturbing the accuracy.

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5. A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.

(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedomcorrect
(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him --> the land symbolizes freedom
(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him --> which is a non-restrictive clause and should be placed after a comma
(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom--> which is a non-restrictive clause and should be placed after a comma
(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa
(Africa placed at the end of the sentence which is not correct)

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Re: A controversial Figure [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2011, 00:21
gjayachandra wrote:
5. A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.

(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom
(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him
(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him
(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom
(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa


Answer: A
Idioms - 'advocated that' --> eliminate D and E
B alters original meaning. --> eliminate!
Between A and C, A is more concise.
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Re: A controversial Figure [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2011, 10:30
gjayachandra wrote:
5. A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.

(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom
(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him
(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him
(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom
(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa


OA should be A
advocated that - Correct idiom or command subjunctive
Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility - modifier modifying a modifier.
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Re: A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2012, 05:49
+1 A.

Wrong usage of the relative pronoun "which" disqualifies most of the other options.

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Re: A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2012, 14:32
In A, is it alright to use comma right after 'that'?

that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom

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Re: A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2012, 15:12
(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom-PERFECT.
(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him-WHO IS SYMBOLIZING?BLACKS? INCORRECT
(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him-TWICE"WHICH"IS INCORRECT.
(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom-BLACK'S RETURNING IS INCORRECT.
(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa-BLACK'S RETURN IS INCORRECT.

+1 for (E)
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Re: A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2012, 21:58
A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.

(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom
Answer

(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him
Meaning distortion

(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him
Meaning distortion

(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom
Meaning distortion

(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa
a wrong modifier
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Re: A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2012, 09:46
I got (A). Here's how I went about tackling this problem:

(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom - didn't seem like the best answer, but nothing grammatically wrong
(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him - "symbolizing the possibility of freedom" is applied to Some Blacks' return to Africa, which is distorts the meaning
(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him - the usage of "which" twice is awkward
(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom - the usage of a gerund (returning) preceding the possessive noun is correct, but it's missing "that," which should follow after "advocated"
(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa - word order is awkward and the sentence is missing "that" preceding the possessive noun

Feel free to comment if any of my explanation is questionable!

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Re: A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2013, 11:50
will go with A.


we need a that. so D and E are out.

B seems awkrd and in C bck to bck which constructions dont seem fine.

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Re: A controversial figure throughout most of his public life,   [#permalink] 05 Jul 2013, 11:50

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