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A controversial figure throughout most of his public life,

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A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2009, 22:25
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A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.

(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom
(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him
(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him
(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom
(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: African Land [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2009, 04:41
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IMO A.

With "advocate", "that" is required, as it represents a subjunctive construction. D and E are out for not starting with "that"

C is out, because of awkward use of "which" twice in "Africa which was the land which symbolized". I would have prefer a present participle form -ing instead of symbolized.

B is out, as the modifier is ambiguously defined. Not sure if "symbolizing the possibility..." is modifying the noun "the African land" or the whole phrase "some Blacks return to the African land"
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Re: African Land [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2009, 05:42
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bigoyal wrote:
IMO A.

With "advocate", "that" is required, as it represents a subjunctive construction. D and E are out for not starting with "that"

C is out, because of awkward use of "which" twice in "Africa which was the land which symbolized". I would have prefer a present participle form -ing instead of symbolized.

B is out, as the modifier is ambiguously defined. Not sure if "symbolizing the possibility..." is modifying the noun "the African land" or the whole phrase "some Blacks return to the African land"


Agree with you, B seems now incorrect.
I was confused b/w A and B, and liked symbolizing better than symbolized. So, chose B.
while choosing B, 'to him' also seems incorrect in B, still went for it. :(

Can someone explain in B, to what 'symbolizing' is referring to?
I feel that it is correctly referring to the 'The African Land' but the placement of 'to him' is incorrect.
Any takers?
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Re: African Land [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2009, 05:51
I am stuck between C and E.
In C the usage of 'which' twice is awkward
and in E the word 'Africa' seems misplaced

What is the OA?

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Re: African Land [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2009, 06:07
i think the 'symbolizing' in (b) refers to Marcus Garvey's advocating.

i'd have to go with (a).

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Re: African Land [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2009, 06:19
seongbae wrote:
i think the 'symbolizing' in (b) refers to Marcus Garvey's advocating.

i'd have to go with (a).


gerund in general without comma modifies the immediate preceding noun.

When you use comma then only gerund, modify the preceding clause (mostly its verb).

So, IMO it can't be modifying the advocating. More opinion please!
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Re: African Land [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2009, 06:27
A is clear without any ambiguity with modifiers.

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Re: African Land [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2009, 06:53
Good question. Between A and C.
I go with A because in C usage of 'which' twice is awkward and wordy.

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A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, [#permalink]

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5. A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.
(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom
(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him
(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him
(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom
(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa
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Re: A controversial figure [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2009, 07:29
always underline

5. A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.
(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom
(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him-Meaning CHANGE
(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him--SO MANY WHICH
(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom
(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa--OUT..does nt make sense


C & E can be kicked out

IMO
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

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Re: A controversial figure [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2009, 08:37
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(a) land that, to him, symbolized the possibility ' modifies Africa, and a prepositional phrase 'to him' is separated by commas to show verb 'symbolized' is modifying land.
(b) 'African land symbolizing' distorts the meaning of the sentence.
(c) 'which was the land which symbolized' is wordy and awkward.
(d) 'advocated that' should be followed by subject and verb. no verb is presented. 'some Black’s returning to Africa' is awkward.
(e) wrong for same reason as d.

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Re: African Land [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2010, 05:47
Which in all options are wrong because we should always have ",'" before which .Between A and B , A seems correct
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Re: African Land [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2010, 14:00
Definitely (A) since both (B) and (C) read awkwardly.
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Re: African Land [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2010, 14:04
to clarify above, for (B):

the phrase "symbolizing ..." is very ambiguous. it could be a verb modifier modifying the subject+verb (Blacks return...) or it could be a participle phrase modifying the noun (land) that precedes it.
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Re: African Land [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2010, 16:54
A for me.
Clearly D and E are out for omitting "that";
"advocated that some blacks return" is preferable to "advocated some blacks' returning (return)"
C: "which"..."which"...to him. redundant and location of "him" is uncomfortable from the noun.
B: "the African land" alters the original meaning; further, a change from the relative clause to a gerund makes the sentence further unclear.

Just my two cents... will appreciate corrections.
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Re: African Land [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2010, 11:50
i narrowed down to A and C... A is constructively better as C uses "which" twice

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Re: African Land [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2010, 22:25
which without comma is fatal. A and B left.

African land ---> change of meaning. It should be consistent with Africa.

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Re: A controversial figure [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2010, 20:19
"advocate that" is the right usage, this narrows down to A B C,

C - wrong which placement
B - says there is one particular African piece of land that symbolizes freedom

A

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Re: A controversial figure [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2010, 01:38
A for sure.... the land... (modifier)

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Re: A controversial figure [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2011, 12:37
How about the tense:

advocated >>> past tense
return>>> present

Who can explain why A is correct?


gmataspirant2009 wrote:
5. A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.
(A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom
(B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him
(C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him
(D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom
(E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa

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Re: A controversial figure   [#permalink] 24 Jan 2011, 12:37

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