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# A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior

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A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2010, 01:22
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A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior displayed by some teenagers who play several hours of video games a day is due to developmental damage to the frontal lobe region of the brain rather than the absorption of any specifically violent content.

* is due to developmental damage to the frontal lobe region of the brain
* are due to developmental damage to the frontal lobe region of the brain
* is due to damage to the developmental frontal lobe region of the brain
* are due to developmental damages to the brain’s frontal lobe
* is due to developmental damages to the brain’s frontal lobe region

I'll post the OA after the discussion.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by ankurgupta03 on 20 Mar 2014, 08:55, edited 1 time in total.

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21 Mar 2010, 03:18
Its not correct. Actually I eliminated C easily.
As C lacks parallelism : Damage is not parallel to absorption

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21 Mar 2010, 13:40
This doesnt look like a GMAT question.

I would pick E.

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21 Mar 2010, 13:48
I also doubt about the validity of the question. For me both A & E are equally OK. But the OA is A.
(It is GMAT Club Test question ) I personally find some of the question there is credulous

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22 Mar 2010, 13:08
angel2009 wrote:
I also doubt about the validity of the question. For me both A & E are equally OK. But the OA is A.
(It is GMAT Club Test question ) I personally find some of the question there is credulous

I dont see any visible difference between A and E

If its a gmatclub test question, isnt the explanation available?
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24 Mar 2010, 08:51
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I was also torn between A and E. Finally picked (A) but I could not find any reason for (E) to be wrong either.

Would be interested in knowing if anyone has reasoning for (E).

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Re: A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2012, 22:36
can anyone please tell why " the frontal lobe region of the brain " is preferred to "the brain’s frontal lobe region".
The shortlisted options are A and E.
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Re: A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2012, 10:08
A and E are the same... I also don't see any meaningful difference between them.
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Re: A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2013, 12:03
saikarthikreddy wrote:
can anyone please tell why " the frontal lobe region of the brain " is preferred to "the brain’s frontal lobe region".
The shortlisted options are A and E.

Indeed , I don't get the difference.However, I would prefer E over A as far as precision is concerned.
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Re: A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2013, 15:08
I see one reason for the usage to be deemed faulty.

"brain's frontal lobe region"- In this usage, "brain's" is a possessive form. However, it would refer to the frontal lobe. So the frontal lobe belongs to the brain. However, the word region is not linked to the rest of the sentence.

Hope that helps!

targetgmatchotu wrote:
saikarthikreddy wrote:
can anyone please tell why " the frontal lobe region of the brain " is preferred to "the brain’s frontal lobe region".
The shortlisted options are A and E.

Indeed , I don't get the difference.However, I would prefer E over A as far as precision is concerned.

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Re: A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2013, 16:54
Option B and D are eliminated as verb are is incorrect usage.

A) is due to developmental damage to the frontal lobe region of the brain
C) is due to damage to the developmental frontal lobe region of the brain
E) is due to developmental damages to the brain’s frontal lobe region

I would eliminate E because, frontal lobe region of the brain is more correct than the brain's frontal lobe region.

I am confused. what is difference between developmental damage to the frontal lobe and damage to the developmental frontal lobe ?

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Re: A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2013, 22:31
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A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior displayed by some teenagers who play several hours of video games a day is due to developmental damage to the frontal lobe region of the brain rather than the absorption of any specifically violent content.

Singular subject is "the violent behavior"

* is due to developmental damage to the frontal lobe region of the brain - correct
* are due to developmental damage to the frontal lobe region of the brain - "are" is plural and subject is singular
* is due to damage to the developmental frontal lobe region of the brain - the frontal lobe is not "developmental"
* are due to developmental damages to the brain’s frontal lobe - "are" is plural and subject is singular
* is due to developmental damages to the brain’s frontal lobe region - "damages" doesn't make sense because we are not referring to multiple damages

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Re: A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2013, 23:55
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umeshpatil wrote:
Option B and D are eliminated as verb are is incorrect usage.

A) is due to developmental damage to the frontal lobe region of the brain
C) is due to damage to the developmental frontal lobe region of the brain
E) is due to developmental damages to the brain’s frontal lobe region

I would eliminate E because, frontal lobe region of the brain is more correct than the brain's frontal lobe region.

I am confused. what is difference between developmental damage to the frontal lobe and damage to the developmental frontal lobe ?

Hi umeshpatil,

Quote:
I would eliminate E because, frontal lobe region of the brain is more correct than the brain's frontal lobe region.

In fact both are correct, but "frontal lobe region of the brain" would be better than "the brain's frontal lobe region"

(E) is incorrect because the original sentence says "damage" and (E) says damages.

Quote:
I am confused. what is difference between developmental damage to the frontal lobe and damage to the developmental frontal lobe ?

the adjective "damage" is modifying different nouns in these phrases.

"developmental damage": "damage" is being modified by "developmental"; it means that the damage is developmental.

"damage to the developmental frontal lobe": Here the frontal lobe is developing, i.e. the frontal lobe is developmental.

The difference is small and (A) and (C) are really close answer choices. Grammatically both are correct and meaning wise also both would be similar. But, (A) preserves what the sentence wants to say, therefore you have to go with (A) on this one. In actual GMAT it is a rare possibility that you will find such close answer choices.

In fact the term "developmental damage" is frequently used term by doctors, see the definition below.

Developmental Damage: A term that some therapists prefer to personality disorder, on the grounds that it is more respectful of the patient's capacity for growth and change.

So,taking this definition into picture, contextually, if we change "developmental damage" to "developmental frontal lobe", the meaning change would be significant.

Hope this helps,

Vercules
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Re: A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior [#permalink]

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25 May 2013, 10:40
Accident double post - please delete me

Last edited by mejia401 on 25 May 2013, 10:45, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior [#permalink]

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25 May 2013, 10:41
For sh*ts and giggles, I still think "C" is a better answer because more people associate a brain of a violent teenager having "lower abilities of decision-making" than teenagers experiencing "developmental damage." What does the developmental damage refer to? Also, developmental damage - damage in the process of developing - is confusing to understand. Does the damage develop, like a disease?

Frontal lobes are "positioned at the frontmost region of the cerebral cortex and are involved in movement, decision-making, problem solving, and planning." Since frontal lobes are involved in decision-making, it's better to say teenagers who engage in violent behaviour certainly do not have fully developed decision-making abilities, i.e. damage to the developmental frontal lobe. "C" prevails for me.

Also, the study does not specify whose study it was.

Well now I'm wasting my time.. but getting this SC wrong really p*ssed me off! LOL

Last edited by mejia401 on 25 May 2013, 21:11, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior [#permalink]

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25 May 2013, 11:18
(A) it is

I think (E) uses damages which is plural and not parallel and does not go well with absorption....

I think (C) is confusing, yet does seem to change the meaning of what the author is trying to say

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Re: A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2014, 14:46
Vercules wrote:

In fact both are correct, but "frontal lobe region of the brain" would be better than "the brain's frontal lobe region"

(E) is incorrect because the original sentence says "damage" and (E) says damages.

Vercules

So what is wrong with damages anyway..there is nothing specified about the plurality of the damages nor can it be deciphered from the question anyways..
So both should be correct

is due to developmental damages to the brain’s frontal lobe region
is due to developmental damage to the frontal lobe region of the brain

Infact I ended up wrong by choosing E based on concision.
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Re: A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior [#permalink]

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Re: A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2017, 08:37
Hi,

Can an expert answer why is E not correct?
I selected E because it was shorter than A.

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Re: A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2017, 10:30
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startjumprun wrote:
Hi,

Can an expert answer why is E not correct?
I selected E because it was shorter than A.

Hi startjumprun ,

There are two reasons for rejecting option E.

1. The original sentence is talking about a single damage to the brain while E is conveying multiple damages. Hence, change in meaning.
2. Frontal lobe region of the brain is preferred over possessive form (brain’s frontal lobe region).

I hope that makes sense.
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Re: A controversial study suggests that the violent behavior   [#permalink] 08 Jul 2017, 10:30
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