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A diet high in saturated fats increases a person's risk of

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A diet high in saturated fats increases a person’s risk of developing heart disease. Regular consumption of red wine reduces that risk. Per-capita consumption of saturated fats is currently about the same in France as in the United States, but there is less heart disease there than in the United States because consumption of red wine is higher in France. The difference in regular red wine consumption has been narrowing, but no similar convergence in heart-disease rates has occurred.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to account for the lack of convergence noted above?

A. Consumption of saturated fats is related more strongly to the growth of fatty deposits on artery walls, which reduce blood flow to the heart, than it is to heart disease directly.

B. Over the past 30 years, per-capita consumption of saturated fats has remained essentially unchanged in the United States but has increased somewhat in France.

C. Reports of the health benefits of red wine have led many people in the United States to drink red wine regularly.

D. Cigarette smoking, which can also contribute to heart disease, is only slightly more common in France than in the United States.

E. Regular consumption of red wine is declining dramatically among young adults in France, and heart disease typically does not manifest itself until middle age.

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New post 05 May 2015, 23:31
I believe E should be the answer.
Option A is out of scope and options B, C and D do not really explain the lack of convergence.
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My explanation

Which of the following, if true, most helps to account for the lack of convergence noted above?

A. Consumption of saturated fats is related more strongly to the growth of fatty deposits on
artery walls, which reduce blood flow to the heart, than it is to heart disease directly. this doesn't tell us about why US heart disease rate is not matching up with heart disease rate of france

B. Over the past 30 years, per-capita consumption of saturated fats has remained essentially
unchanged in the United States but has increased somewhat in France. this statement suggests that heart disease rates of two countries might be going towards convergence. we need to find answer that explains why there is a lack of convergence in heart disease

C. Reports of the health benefits of red wine have led many people in the United States to drink
red wine regularly. in US,wine consumption has increased but nothing mentioned about saturated fat consumption rate increase/decrease which contributes to heart disease so this doesn't explain lack of convergence in heart rates

D. Cigarette smoking, which can also contribute to heart disease, is only slightly more common
in France than in the United States. if cigarette smoking increases somewhat in France, but doesn't tell convincingly about huge impact of heart disease due to increased smoking in France

E. Regular consumption of red wine is declining dramatically among young adults in France, and
heart disease typically does not manifest itself until middle age.[/quote] correct, dramatic reduction of red wine consumption among youths in France means difference in wine consumption is narrowing between two countries but there is no consumption reduction among middle age people in france who are prone to heart disease. This tells why there is a convergence on wine consumption but nothing on heart disease rate

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New post 06 May 2015, 11:29
I guess B and E are the likeable choices here.

you're looking for a reason why heart disease rates have NOT gotten closer to each other, even though the rates of red wine consumption have gotten closer to each other.

in this respect, choice (b) is actually the worst possible outcome, because it accomplishes exactly the opposite of this end -- choice (b), if true, would be another reason why the gap WOULD narrow.
i.e., you need a reason that would keep the french heart disease rates lower than the american rates, despite the other evidence; choice (b), on the other hand, is a factor that would actually push the french rate closer to the american rate -- exactly the opposite of what you actually want.

choice (e), on the other hand, is exactly the type of explanation that you are looking for: since the onset of heart disease is delayed, this explanation leads to the conclusion that, for the time being, this change in behavior on the part of young adults will have no effect; it won't start to bring the french heart disease rate closer to the corresponding american rate until those young adults reach middle age.

so should be (e)
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Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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New post 24 Feb 2016, 10:31
The difference in wine rate has been narrowing cos France is reducing it's rate not because US is increasing it's rate. But heart illness takes time to happen.
clear E!

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New post 15 Apr 2016, 02:22
This one is an Exampack 2 question.
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New post 18 Apr 2016, 14:17
I guess I have to continue drinking wine.
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New post 09 May 2016, 01:50
again, I got this question on EP2. GMAC is really lacking a sufficient pool of questions? I think I can be eligible to get my money back.
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A diet high in saturated fats increases a person's risk of developing heart disease. Regular consumption of red wine reduces that risk. Per-capita consumption of saturated fats is currently about the same in France as in the United States, but there is less heart disease there than in the United States because consumption of red wine is higher in France. The difference in regular red-wine consumption has been narrowing, but no similar convergence in heart-disease rates has occurred.

Diet high in saturated fats increases a person's risk of developing heart disease
Regular consumption of red wine reduces the risk .
Per capita consumption of saturated fats is about the same in France and US , but red wine consumption is higher in France .
Difference in red wine consumption has been decreasing , however no similar convergence in heart-disease rates has occurred.

Paradox -

A. Consumption of saturated fats is related more strongly to the growth of fatty deposits on artery walls, which reduce blood flow to the heart, than it is to heart disease directly. Irrelevant

B. Over the past 30 years, per-capita consumption of saturated fats has remained essentially unchanged in the United States but has increased somewhat in France. Irrelevant

C. Reports of the health benefits of red wine have led many people in the United States to drink red wine regularly. Does not help the resolve the paradox

D. Cigarette smoking, which can also contribute to heart disease, is only slightly more common in France than in the United States.
It does not resolve the paradox , but on the contrary does the opposite .

E. Regular consumption of red wine is declining dramatically among young adults in France, and heart disease typically does not manifest itself until middle age.
Correct - Consumption of red wine is declining among young adults in France but the effects will only manifest when these people are in middle age.

Answer E
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chunjuwu wrote:
A diet high in saturated fats increases a person's risk of developing heart disease. Regular consumption of red wine reduces that risk. Per-capita consumption of saturated fats is currently about the same in France as in the United States, but there is less heart disease there than in the United States because consumption of red wine is higher in France. The difference in regular red-wine consumption has been narrowing, but no similar convergence in heart-disease rates has occurred.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to account for the lack of convergence noted above?

A. Consumption of saturated fats is related more strongly to the growth of fatty deposits on artery walls, which reduce blood flow to the heart, than it is to heart disease directly.

B. Over the past 30 years, per-capita consumption of saturated fats has remained essentially unchanged in the United States but has increased somewhat in France.

C. Reports of the health benefits of red wine have led many people in the United States to drink red wine regularly.

D. Cigarette smoking, which can also contribute to heart disease, is only slightly more common in France than in the United States.

E. Regular consumption of red wine is declining dramatically among young adults in France, and heart disease typically does not manifest itself until middle age.



Stem : Resolve paradox. Per capita consumption of wine in France is currently similar to US but heart attack less in France.

Premise 1 : Red wine reduces heart attacks.

The word to note here is per capita. So we don't know who is consuming the wine. It could be a 90 - 10 scenario where 90% of wine is consumed by 10% people.

Looking at the options, only E stands true.

So middle aged folks are drinking wine, young people are not.... This explains why even though per capita consumption of wine is similar to US, heart attacks are less
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the key here is "The difference in regular red-wine consumption has been narrowing."

Out of B and E, E answers the paradox.
For option B, it's possible that RW consumption in F increased along with the mentioned increase in SF consumption. This change ,along with the increase in RW consumption in USA, should have narrowed the gap in the number of heart decrease in the two countries. But as per the argument that didn't happen.
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The difference in regular red-wine consumption has been narrowing, but no similar convergence in heart-disease rates has occurred.

The narrowing difference need not be because of more consumption of Alcohol from USA. It can also be attributed to what has been mentioned in point E ( Regular consumption of red wine is declining dramatically among young adults in France ).

By this, the red wine consumption of middle age people USA has not changed much, but the middle age people in France continue their regular consumption of red wine.

Hence E is correct.

E. Regular consumption of red wine is declining dramatically among young adults in France, and heart disease typically does not manifest itself until middle age.

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New post 20 Aug 2016, 07:40
souvik101990 wrote:
I guess B and E are the likeable choices here.


i marked b because I thought that since the consumption of fats is increased in France so it will have more heart diseases(assuming wine consumption is at least constant) and since wine consumption has increased in US along with constant fats consumption, the heart diseases in US now would be less and hence the gap for heart diseases is still not converging.

could you please let me know where I got it wrong.

thanks.
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Re: A diet high in saturated fats increases a person's risk of [#permalink]

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New post 08 Sep 2017, 00:21
Straight E....it states that the consumption of Wine in France is becoming less...... that's why the gap is narrowing
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Re: A diet high in saturated fats increases a person's risk of [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2017, 07:32
chunjuwu wrote:
A diet high in saturated fats increases a person's risk of developing heart disease. Regular consumption of red wine reduces that risk. Per-capita consumption of saturated fats is currently about the same in France as in the United States, but there is less heart disease there than in the United States because consumption of red wine is higher in France. The difference in regular red-wine consumption has been narrowing, but no similar convergence in heart-disease rates has occurred.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to account for the lack of convergence noted above?

A. Consumption of saturated fats is related more strongly to the growth of fatty deposits on artery walls, which reduce blood flow to the heart, than it is to heart disease directly.

B. Over the past 30 years, per-capita consumption of saturated fats has remained essentially unchanged in the United States but has increased somewhat in France.

C. Reports of the health benefits of red wine have led many people in the United States to drink red wine regularly.

D. Cigarette smoking, which can also contribute to heart disease, is only slightly more common in France than in the United States.

E. Regular consumption of red wine is declining dramatically among young adults in France, and heart disease typically does not manifest itself until middle age.


Great questions!

For me, it is very tricky. The decrease in wine consumption difference happens because France's people reduce the consumption, not because US increase the consumption. I thought the opposite way : decrease happens because US' people drink more.

Thanks.
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Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: A diet high in saturated fats increases a person's risk of   [#permalink] 18 Dec 2017, 20:27

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