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# A factory manager at Artitus Industries

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Manager
Joined: 04 Aug 2013
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A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2014, 02:40
12
25
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

27% (02:01) correct 73% (02:03) wrong based on 955 sessions

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A factory manager at Artitus Industries suggested that tools be assigned to individual employees rather than shared within each workshop. Employees with their own tools would have more incentive to maintain the tools properly, as each employee would suffer all of the costs of improperly maintaining his or her tools. However, several months after Artitus began assigning tools to individual employees in one of its two workshops, it was found that the shared tools in the other workshop had been better maintained.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the Artitus's finding?

A If one user of shared tools fails to keep them in perfect condition, others are likely to begin to neglect the tools even more, with the result that the tools soon become unusable.

B When tools are shared, the condition of any individual tool affects all users at least somewhat.

C An employee using shared tools might be able to increase productivity by neglecting to maintain them.

D More companies assign tools individually than share them among employees.

E The damage from any individual user's failure to properly maintain tools is more difficult to determine with shared tools than with individual tools.
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2014, 05:00
4
4
OA is correct and in fact, it's a copy of the below official question:

Hardin argued that grazing land held in common(that is, open to any user) would always be used less carefully than private grazing land. Each rancher would be tempted to overuse common land because the benefits would accrue to the individuals, while the costs of reduced land quality that results from overuse would be spread among all users. But a study comparing 217 million acres of common grazing land with 433 million acres of private grazing land showed that the common land was in better condition.

Which of the following, if true and known by the ranchers, would best help explain the results of the study?

(A): With private grazing land, both the costs and the benefits of overuse fall to the individual user.
(B): The cost in reduced land quality that is attributable to any individual user is less easily measured with common land than it is with private land.
(C): An individual who overuses common grazing land might be able to achieve higher returns than other uses can, with the result that he or she would obtain a competitive advantage.
(D): If one user of common land overuses it even slightly, the other users are likely to do so even more, with the consequence that the costs to each user outweigh the benefits.
(E): There are more acres of grazing hand held privately than there are held in common.
##### General Discussion
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2014, 03:37
1
Doesn't option A completely shatters the argument? How come its the OA?
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2014, 22:04
Its still unclear.

Could someone please elaborate a bit?

Thank you.
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2014, 03:20
anceer wrote:
A factory manager at Artitus Industries suggested that tools be assigned to individual employees rather than shared within each workshop. Employees with their own tools would have more incentive to maintain the tools properly, as each employee would suffer all of the costs of improperly maintaining his or her tools. However, several months after Artitus began assigning tools to individual employees in one of its two workshops, it was found that the shared tools in the other workshop had been better maintained.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the Artitus's finding?

A If one user of shared tools fails to keep them in perfect condition, others are likely to begin to neglect the tools even more, with the result that the tools soon become unusable.

B When tools are shared, the condition of any individual tool affects all users at least somewhat.

C An employee using shared tools might be able to increase productivity by neglecting to maintain them.

D More companies assign tools individually than share them among employees.

E The damage from any individual user's failure to properly maintain tools is more difficult to determine with shared tools than with individual tools.

Hi ,
i THINK THE ANSWER SHOULD BE e.
option A hardly focusses on the fact that the shared tools are maintained properly rather it states that they are equally in the same bad state as non-shared tools.
how does option A explains artitus's explaination.

when we look at option E - atleast the option says that determining maintainance measures might be crooked and not properly measured.

Thanks!
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2014, 05:24
the OA must be E

A does not even help the argument in any way, it just talks abt the shared tools.

E on the other hand states that the procedure for examining is wrong. Please explain im if wrong
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Joined: 14 May 2014
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2014, 11:18
4
anceer wrote:
A factory manager at Artitus Industries suggested that tools be assigned to individual employees rather than shared within each workshop. Employees with their own tools would have more incentive to maintain the tools properly, as each employee would suffer all of the costs of improperly maintaining his or her tools. However, several months after Artitus began assigning tools to individual employees in one of its two workshops, it was found that the shared tools in the other workshop had been better maintained.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the Artitus's finding?

A If one user of shared tools fails to keep them in perfect condition, others are likely to begin to neglect the tools even more, with the result that the tools soon become unusable.

B When tools are shared, the condition of any individual tool affects all users at least somewhat.

C An employee using shared tools might be able to increase productivity by neglecting to maintain them.

D More companies assign tools individually than share them among employees.

E The damage from any individual user's failure to properly maintain tools is more difficult to determine with shared tools than with individual tools.

Hi ,
i THINK THE ANSWER SHOULD BE e.
option A hardly focusses on the fact that the shared tools are maintained properly rather it states that they are equally in the same bad state as non-shared tools.
how does option A explains artitus's explaination.

when we look at option E - atleast the option says that determining maintainance measures might be crooked and not properly measured.

Thanks!

The answer cannot be E, since E talks about difficulty in determining the damage done to a particular tool by each worker. But the stimuli states that the 'overall' damage done to shared tools was less than an individual's tools.

I picked A as per the following logic:
If any one user fails to maintain the tool perfectly, others would also start neglecting the tools. Hence, there is very high incentive for each worker using the shared tool to maintain the tool properly, else others would also neglect to maintain them.

Hope this helps.
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A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2014, 11:40
4
3
yes you are right. the answer , though is tempting, can not be E at a closer look

The argument is pretty straight

A company want to give a single tool for employee to foster productivity or whatever it is.......BUT the conclusion shows that is wrong and that the good way to do X is TO SHARE the tools among the employees. Basically the argument is this.

So we must find a reason that shows WHY ?? WHY ??? is better sharing the tools rather than not

A says just this i.e : if we (the employees) do not care of the single various tools we share among us, the tools will become unusable; tha's why the tools are well maintained.

E instead : The damage from any individual user's failure to properly maintain tools is more difficult to determine with shared tools than with individual tools.

But E doesn't say WHY sharing is good, using a comparison between shared and individual tools. It doesn't hold any water.

Hope is clear
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2014, 08:25
2
B.... clearly gives the incentive that since one tool is used by many in a common workshop thereby affecting each of them ....they will all share the responsibility of maintaining that tool and hence the tools at the common workshop will be better maintained.

Request anyone to clarify why A is the answer ?
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2014, 08:57
1
rahul241sinha wrote:
B.... clearly gives the incentive that since one tool is used by many in a common workshop thereby affecting each of them ....they will all share the responsibility of maintaining that tool and hence the tools at the common workshop will be better maintained.

Request anyone to clarify why A is the answer ?

At first go, I felt none of the answer is good enough and chose B. But now I see it more clearly.

A) says that if individual do not keep the tool in good condition, it will EVENTUALLY become unusable i.e. new tool need to be brought in or there will be no tool to work with. Thus employees will take good care of tools (or the tools will be replaced with tools in good conditions :D )
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2014, 00:19
@Sameer ....thnx I see your point now
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2014, 07:23
2
rahul241sinha wrote:
@Sameer ....thnx I see your point now

Be more liberal with Kudos
press one if my POV helped
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2016, 22:17
A factory manager at Artitus Industries suggested that tools be assigned to individual employees rather than shared within each workshop. Employees with their own tools would have more incentive to maintain the tools properly, as each employee would suffer all of the costs of improperly maintaining his or her tools. However, several months after Artitus began assigning tools to individual employees in one of its two workshops, it was found that the shared tools in the other workshop had been better maintained.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the Artitus's finding?

A If one user of shared tools fails to keep them in perfect condition, others are likely to begin to neglect the tools even more, with the result that the tools soon become unusable.

B When tools are shared, the condition of any individual tool affects all users at least somewhat.

C An employee using shared tools might be able to increase productivity by neglecting to maintain them.

D More companies assign tools individually than share them among employees.

E The damage from any individual user's failure to properly maintain tools is more difficult to determine with shared tools than with individual tools.

Can someone please clarify why A) is preferred over B).
I get the reason behind choosing A) but why is B) wrong?
Is it because the condition of the shared tool affects all users at least somewhat ?

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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2016, 09:39
Somebody mentioned a comparison with the official gmat question. However in the stated official problem there isnt an option which mimics B of this question. Hence the option is crystal clear. In this question B has an equal chance of being the winner if not more.
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2016, 11:55
banerjee06 wrote:
Somebody mentioned a comparison with the official gmat question. However in the stated official problem there isnt an option which mimics B of this question. Hence the option is crystal clear. In this question B has an equal chance of being the winner if not more.

Agreed. Option B of original question is actually equivalent to a premise of the 2nd question. I was also torn between A&B.
banerjee06 wrote:
Somebody mentioned a comparison with the official gmat question. However in the stated official problem there isnt an option which mimics B of this question. Hence the option is crystal clear. In this question B has an equal chance of being the winner if not more.
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2016, 09:06
anceer wrote:
A factory manager at Artitus Industries suggested that tools be assigned to individual employees rather than shared within each workshop. Employees with their own tools would have more incentive to maintain the tools properly, as each employee would suffer all of the costs of improperly maintaining his or her tools. However, several months after Artitus began assigning tools to individual employees in one of its two workshops, it was found that the shared tools in the other workshop had been better maintained.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the Artitus's finding?

A If one user of shared tools fails to keep them in perfect condition, others are likely to begin to neglect the tools even more, with the result that the tools soon become unusable.

B When tools are shared, the condition of any individual tool affects all users at least somewhat.

C An employee using shared tools might be able to increase productivity by neglecting to maintain them.

D More companies assign tools individually than share them among employees.

E The damage from any individual user's failure to properly maintain tools is more difficult to determine with shared tools than with individual tools.

Here the conclusion is after assigning individual tools shared tools had been better maintained.Anyone with their own tool is likely to get more incentive for its maintenance than the assigned tools.

A. Correct -States that if the tools assigned by the company is shared and if one user doesn't properly maintains than others will also do the same because they won't get any benefit (incentives) for its maintenance unlike one of their own.
B.If tools are shared be it assigned or own is only going to affect the person who owns it not all.
C.Productivity is irrelevant here.
D.Irrelevant.
E.We are not talking about the damage here only about maintenance so out of scope.

Hope this helps
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2017, 23:59
Why it cant be B ?
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2017, 22:48
1
1
kannu44 wrote:
Why it cant be B ?

If the adverse effect of negligence of one user is shared by many users, then there is less incentive to take care of the tool. However if the adverse effect of negligence of one user is to be borne by only the user himself / herself , then there is more incentive to take care of the tool. Therefore option B cannot explain why the shared tools are in better condition than the individually issue tools. (It could explain if the result were opposite.)
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2017, 13:16
1
sayantanc2k wrote:
kannu44 wrote:
Why it cant be B ?

If the adverse effect of negligence of one user is shared by many users, then there is less incentive to take care of the tool. However if the adverse effect of negligence of one user is to be borne by only the user himself / herself , then there is more incentive to take care of the tool. Therefore option B cannot explain why the shared tools are in better condition than the individually issue tools. (It could explain if the result were opposite.)

Hi sayantanc,

But by the extension of this logic , even option A is also similar . As in the adverse effect of negligence - the tool becoming useless- is also shared by many user and hence there will be less incentive to take care of it.
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2017, 08:35
Top Contributor
anceer wrote:
A factory manager at Artitus Industries suggested that tools be assigned to individual employees rather than shared within each workshop. Employees with their own tools would have more incentive to maintain the tools properly, as each employee would suffer all of the costs of improperly maintaining his or her tools. However, several months after Artitus began assigning tools to individual employees in one of its two workshops, it was found that the shared tools in the other workshop had been better maintained.

Which of the following, if true, most helps to explain the Artitus's finding?

A If one user of shared tools fails to keep them in perfect condition, others are likely to begin to neglect the tools even more, with the result that the tools soon become unusable.

B When tools are shared, the condition of any individual tool affects all users at least somewhat.

C An employee using shared tools might be able to increase productivity by neglecting to maintain them.

D More companies assign tools individually than share them among employees.

E The damage from any individual user's failure to properly maintain tools is more difficult to determine with shared tools than with individual tools.

The key word is "PERFECT CONDITION". Now the negation test can help understand why A is only good option.

A Even if some users don't strive to maintain perfect condition the tools would still be useful. That shatters the conclusion.
So everyone had striven for perfect condition.

B When tools are shared, the condition of any individual tool does not affect all users. SO what ??

C and D were anyways irrelevant

E The damage from any individual user's failure to properly maintain tools is not more difficult to determine with shared tools than with individual tools. NO IMPACT
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Re: A factory manager at Artitus Industries &nbs [#permalink] 13 Sep 2017, 08:35

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