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21 Apr 2012, 10:03
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

83% (02:53) correct 17% (02:23) wrong based on 183 sessions

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A farmer spent $35 on feed for chickens and goats. He spent 40% money on chicken feed, which he bought at a 20% discount off the full price, and spent the rest on goat feed, which he bought at full price. If the farmer had paid full price for both the chicken feed and the goat feed, what amount would he have spent on the chicken feed and goat feed combined? A.$37.80
B. $38.50 C.$39.20
D. $39.50 E.$40.60

I set up the equation as follows: (C for chicken feed and G for goat feed)
0.8x0.4xC + 0.6G =35---a
0.4C+0.6G=35+?----b
equation b is 8% greater than a so I multiplied 35 by 8%, getting $2.8. Thus, I selected 37.8 but the answer is 38.50. Q: could anyone please kindly point out what went wrong here? The OA explanation is as follows but I can't understand the part in bold 0.4($35)=F (full price of chicken feed)
$14=0.8F$17.5=F
Total paid = 17.5+35(0.6)=38.50
Q: how can 14=F and then change to 14=0.8F?

Many thanks!!
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: A farmer spent $35 on feed for chickens and goats. He spent [#permalink] ### Show Tags 21 Apr 2012, 11:41 1 This post received KUDOS Expert's post Welcome to GMAT Club. Below is a solution for your question. A farmer spent$35 on feed for chickens and goats. He spent 40% money on chicken feed, which he bought at a 20% discount off the full price, and spent the rest on goat feed, which he bought at full price. If the farmer had paid full price for both the chicken feed and the goat feed, what amount would he have spent on the chicken feed and goat feed combined?
A. $37.80 B.$38.50
C. $39.20 D.$39.50
E. $40.60 A farmer spent 40% money on chicken feed, so he spent 0.4*$35=$14 on chicken feed, thus he spent the remaining 35-14=$21 on goat feed.

Now, since he bought chicken feed at a 20% discount then the original price of it was x*0.8=$14 --> x=$17.5.

Therefore if the farmer had paid full price for both the chicken feed and the goat feed, then he would he have spent 17.5+21=$38.5. Answer: B. Hope it's clear. _________________ Intern Joined: 05 Apr 2012 Posts: 12 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 3 Re: A farmer spent$35 on feed for chickens and goats. He spent [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2012, 15:30
Thank you very much Bunuel. It is clear now and the OA explanation must have a typo then.
However, why can't I put the 80% (20% discount) in the equation in the first place but rather have to get the 40% portion first and then obtain the before-discount price? The right approach makes great sense but if I'm faced with similar questions, I may set up the equation by incorporating all the factors again although that won't lead to the right answer.

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22 Apr 2012, 09:32
As always my question. This questin is quite easy but a lot of work to write and to calculate. I would suggest it is a question between 600 - 700 ? Without a calculator it is very time consuming.
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08 Jul 2016, 04:27
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Re: A farmer spent $35 on feed for chickens and goats. He spent [#permalink] ### Show Tags 08 Jul 2016, 05:09 lamania wrote: A farmer spent$35 on feed for chickens and goats. He spent 40% money on chicken feed, which he bought at a 20% discount off the full price, and spent the rest on goat feed, which he bought at full price. If the farmer had paid full price for both the chicken feed and the goat feed, what amount would he have spent on the chicken feed and goat feed combined?

A. $37.80 B.$38.50
C. $39.20 D.$39.50
E. $40.60 He spent 40% of 35 on chicken feed, i.e 35*40/100= 14 This$14 was 80% (He got 20% discount), So the actual price without discount was= 14*100/80= 17.5

Amount spent on goat feed= 35-14= 21

Total price without discount= 21+17.5= 38.5

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Re: A farmer spent $35 on feed for chickens and goats. He spent [#permalink] ### Show Tags 18 Oct 2016, 13:01 We know 60% of$35 was spent on goats, leaving us with $14 spent on chickens.$14 spent was with discount --> $14 = x-0.20x --> 14 = 0.80x --> x =$17.5 (original price)

$17.5+$21 = $38.5 Re: A farmer spent$35 on feed for chickens and goats. He spent   [#permalink] 18 Oct 2016, 13:01
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