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# A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected

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Manager
Joined: 14 Nov 2007
Posts: 61
A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2007, 09:58
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Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

84% (00:22) correct 16% (00:20) wrong based on 343 sessions

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A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel, making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.

(C) flames are caused to spread
(E) causing spreading of the flames

I got the answer correct but could not justify why. Please provide explanation.
Manager
Joined: 11 Apr 2007
Posts: 139
Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2007, 10:12
sztiwari wrote:
6.A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel, making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.
(C) flames are caused to spread
(E) causing spreading of the flames

I got the answer correct but could not justify why. Please provide explanation.

I think is A. This answer choice supports the parallalism.
VP
Joined: 21 Jul 2006
Posts: 1452
Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2007, 12:16
D for me too.

Paralleliesm is required between "making" and "spreading"
Manager
Joined: 14 Nov 2007
Posts: 61
Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2007, 17:40
tarek99 wrote:
D for me too.

Paralleliesm is required between "making" and "spreading"

Then how do you say D? In that case it should be A , right?
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Aug 2007
Posts: 340
Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2007, 15:37
sztiwari wrote:
6.A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel, making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.
(C) flames are caused to spread
(E) causing spreading of the flames

I got the answer correct but could not justify why. Please provide explanation.

Go with D:

The reflected radiation is doing two things:
1. Making ignition much easier
2. Causing Flames to spread more quickly
Intern
Joined: 09 Jan 2008
Posts: 3
Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2008, 12:38
does anybody can explain why E is not correct?
CEO
Joined: 17 May 2007
Posts: 2895
Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2008, 17:27
D for me
Parallel structure ... causing is || to making

Simplify to sentence :
A fire <does something>, making ignition much easier and causing flames to spread.

E is not correct because E is passive voice. In GMAT if an active sentence is always more correct than a passive one.

sztiwari wrote:
6.A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel, making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.
(C) flames are caused to spread
(E) causing spreading of the flames
VP
Joined: 21 Jul 2006
Posts: 1452
Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2008, 13:11
sztiwari wrote:
tarek99 wrote:
D for me too.

Paralleliesm is required between "making" and "spreading"

Then how do you say D? In that case it should be A , right?

no because "making.....and flames" aren't parallel.
VP
Joined: 21 Jul 2006
Posts: 1452
Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2008, 13:14
ksh013 wrote:
does anybody can explain why E is not correct?

i think it's because you can't have a present participle and a gerund standing right next to each other cause that would make the sentence sound clumsy. that's just my opinion, but not really sure about this. Would anyone confirm whether i'm right?
Manager
Joined: 11 Apr 2008
Posts: 147
Schools: Kellogg(A), Wharton(W), Columbia(D)
Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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19 May 2008, 02:21
tarek99 wrote:
ksh013 wrote:
does anybody can explain why E is not correct?

i think it's because you can't have a present participle and a gerund standing right next to each other cause that would make the sentence sound clumsy. that's just my opinion, but not really sure about this. Would anyone confirm whether i'm right?

I think you shoud simply avoid present progressive (continuous) tense if simple present will do. GMAT prefers simplicity (pun not intended ). Thus E is wrong.
Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Jan 2008
Posts: 279
Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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27 May 2008, 13:04
making X and (making) flames spreading quickly - if you think this will work then A should be the answer for you.

making X and causing flames to spread much easier. - if you think D

I agree with the D crowd.
Intern
Joined: 29 Feb 2012
Posts: 2
Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 05:38
sztiwari wrote:
6.A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel, making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.
(C) flames are caused to spread
(E) causing spreading of the flames

I got the answer correct but could not justify why. Please provide explanation.

I agree D is parallel but so is E, I know there is something no so right about E but can anyone point out what exactly is it?

Intern
Joined: 06 Feb 2016
Posts: 22
Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2017, 12:17
ksh013 wrote:
does anybody can explain why E is not correct?

A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel, making ignition much easier and causing spreading of the flames more quickly.
I think such use is not logical - you can't say for sure to which part of the sentence 'more quickly' refers to. It should refer to the speed of spreading rather than to 'a fire' burning or 'making ignitions'...
Intern
Joined: 04 Jun 2015
Posts: 1
Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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17 May 2018, 06:23
It looks like to me that letter (A) and letter (D) meet the parallelism rule.

With letter A ---->A fire <etc etc>, making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.

With letter D ---->A fire <etc etc>, making ignition much easier and causing flames to spread more quickly.

In the first, ignition and flames spreading are parallel nouns; in the second, Making and causing are parallels. Is parallelism the real difference between those answer choices? Someone could explain better why it can't be letter A?

Thanks
SC Moderator
Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 1828
A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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17 May 2018, 15:38
1
sztiwari wrote:
A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel, making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.

(C) flames are caused to spread
(E) causing spreading of the flames

Zemy wrote:
It looks like to me that letter (A) and letter (D) meet the parallelism rule.

With letter A ---->A fire <etc etc>, making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.

With letter D ---->A fire <etc etc>, making ignition much easier and causing flames to spread more quickly.

In the first, ignition and flames spreading are parallel nouns; in the second, Making and causing are parallels. Is parallelism the real difference between those answer choices? Someone could explain better why it can't be letter A?

Thanks

Hi Zemy , no, A is not correct.

The special verb "make" is constructed incorrectly.
That failure leads to a lack of parallelism in meaning.

1) Special class of verbs: causative verbs in general

"Make" is in a special class of verbs called "causative verbs."

Causative verbs indicate that someone/something is causing an action or event to occur.

There are "general" causative verbs such as

Causative verbs follow a very particular structure:
SPECIAL VERB + PERSON/THING + INFINITIVE/BARE INFINITIVE
A "bare infinitive" or a "base-form verb" = infinitive without "to"

The teacher allowed him to watch the video.
GMAT rules require testers to be timed.
The drill sergeant had the recruits wash the latrines.
The wind caused the flames to spread more quickly.

2) Three strict cases of verbs that must be followed by the bare infinitive
Strict cases of special causative verbs: make, let, and have

These three verbs are in a class of their own.
Their construction is in this form:

SPECIAL VERB + NOUN + BARE INFINITIVE(also called "base-form")
The causative verbs make, let, and have are followed by bare infinitives .
Exceptions are very few.

Make the child study.
Let the rushed person exit first.

3) This sentence and Answer A's problems

In this sentence, "making" is used in a causative sense.
Special conditions under which fire is in an enclosed space end up
making ignition easier and the spread of flames more swift.

That sentence is not an answer choice.
Assuming that Option D were not an option,

Option A would have to be written this way:

making . . . flames spread more quickly
Correct. MAKING + FLAMES + SPREAD more quickly

making . . .flames spreading more quickly
100% incorrect.
"Spreading" is NOT in the base infinitive form.

This failure leads to a change in meaning, which in turn
leads to a lack of parallelism.

A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel,
making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.

"making ignition easier" indicates that the ignition is being altered so that it becomes easier.
"making flames spreading more quickly" indicates that flames are being created.

The intended meaning of the sentence indicates that certain conditions make other events change.
being changed being created

A has an unequivocal grammar error and
is not parallel with the meaning of "making another event happen differently."

Hope that helps.
_________________

In the depths of winter, I finally learned
that within me there lay an invincible summer.

Intern
Joined: 25 Oct 2016
Posts: 9
Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2018, 05:10
Do we need 'causing' and 'to cause' here?

ANS: Yes, its a verb (for C, D, and E), A is missing the verb

(B) flame spreads (look at this, this good choice, only slight deviation -- flames --flame)... B is a good option less of choice here

(C) flames are caused to spread

based on the original construction of C vs. D (D is better) -- even better than B (kept the flames --> flames)

(E) original E has 'causing'

what to follow cause (an infinitive or gerund) prefer infinitive)

Go for D
Re: A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected   [#permalink] 17 Jul 2018, 05:10
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