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# A fund dedicated to collecting reparations of Holocaust

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A fund dedicated to collecting reparations of Holocaust [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 04:20
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A fund dedicated to collecting reparations of Holocaust survivors in the German government is defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included six employees and custodians of the fund.

A. collecting reparations of Holocaust survivors in the German government is defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included
B. the collection of reparations from Holocaust survivors from the German government had been defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included
C. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from among the German government was defrauded for greater than \$42 million over 16 years by a group including
D. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defrauded of as much as \$42 million in 16 years by a group which included
E. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by getgyan on 08 Oct 2012, 22:04, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: A fund dedicated to collecting reparations [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 09:33
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This can be solved using Verb and meaning

A - reparations of Holocaust survivors is wrong
B - "reparations from Holocaust survivors from the German government" two froms doesnt make sense
C - "from among the German government" - From among is wrong
D - Good Contender, but lacks clarity because of In 16 years and "which" normally will have comma before it

D and E are very close, My choice is E. Official Answer please

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Re: A fund dedicated to collecting reparations [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 12:17
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getgyan wrote:
A fund dedicated to collecting reparations of Holocaust survivors in the German government is defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included six employees and custodians of the fund.

A. collecting reparations of Holocaust survivors in the German government is defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included
--- collecting reparations of is incorrect
B. the collection of reparations from Holocaust survivors from the German government had been defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included
--- meaning is entirely changed. The correct meaning is to collect funds for Holocaust survivors not from survivors.
Also the verb had been is not correct. As there are no two actions.

C. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from among the German government was defrauded for greater than \$42 million over 16 years by a group including
-- from among the German government is wrong
it should be "defrauded of" not "defrauded for"

D. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defrauded of as much as \$42 million in 16 years by a group which included
--- here which is not correct. It should be that. As the information given after "which" is the required information as this information is deciding the group.
E. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included
--- This is correct

There is one more thing to be taken care:
GMAT always prefer THAT over WHICH

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Re: A fund dedicated to collecting reparations [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2012, 04:47
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Hold on; here is a different stroke. According to GMAT, it would like to keep off the controversy of the ‘which vs. that’ debate; Please see the example below.

10. Carnivorous mammals can endure what would otherwise be lethal levels of body heat because they have a heat-exchange network which kept the brain from getting too hot.

(A) which kept
(B) that keeps
(C) which has kept
(D) that has been keeping
(E) having kept

THE OA is B; The OE (partly quoted here ) follows

Verb form; Rhetorical construction

The use of the past tense (kept) is incorrect because a current situation is discussed; the present tense (keeps) is consistent with the other verbs in the sentence. In (A) and (C), which introduces a restrictive clause. Some writers follow the convention that which can only be used for nonrestrictive clauses, but insistence on this rule is controversial, and both (A) and (C) can be rejected on other grounds.

You may now read GMAT’s mind and decide in tandem
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Re: A fund dedicated to collecting reparations [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 09:53
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getgyan wrote:
A fund dedicated to collecting reparations of Holocaust survivors in the German government is defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included six employees and custodians of the fund.

A. collecting reparations of Holocaust survivors in the German government is defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included
B. the collection of reparations from Holocaust survivors from the German government had been defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included - after to we need a verb not a noun
C. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from among the German government was defrauded for greater than \$42 million over 16 years by a group including - among is incorrect diction/its unnecessary here
D. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defrauded of as much as \$42 million in 16 years by a group which included - rule of "which" doesnt apply here. which is preceded by a comma
E. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included - correct

E is the correct one.

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Re: A fund dedicated to collecting reparations [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 11:34
A fund dedicated to collecting reparations of Holocaust survivors in the German government is defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included six employees and custodians of the fund. // tense error

A. collecting reparations of Holocaust survivors in the German government is defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included//tense error
B. the collection of reparations from Holocaust survivors from the German government had been defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included // dedicated to the collection is wrong// further past perfect is not required as we are not establishing a timeline.
C. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from among the German government was defrauded for greater than \$42 million over 16 years by a group including // Incorrect usage of among , among is used for making comparisons.
D. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defrauded of as much as \$42 million in 16 years by a group which included // destorts original meaning by using as much as , second which is incorrectly used as this is phrase or information is essential to the meaning.
E. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included // correct.

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Re: A fund dedicated to collecting reparations [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 11:57
E is my answer as well.

Whats OA?
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Re: A fund dedicated to collecting reparations [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 12:11
A fund dedicated to collecting reparations of Holocaust survivors in the German government is defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included six employees and custodians of the fund.

A. collecting reparations of Holocaust survivors in the German government is defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included
B. the collection of reparations from Holocaust survivors from the German government had been defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included
C. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from among the German government was defrauded for greater than \$42 million over 16 years by a group including
D. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defrauded of as much as \$42 million in 16 years by a group which included
E. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included

between D and E
E for me.

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Re: A fund dedicated to collecting reparations [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 12:55
There is one more thing to be taken care:
GMAT always prefer THAT over WHICH

What makes you say that ? it is incorrect to say this. That versus which is purely based on usage.

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Re: A fund dedicated to collecting reparations [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 22:12
anukrati wrote:
There is one more thing to be taken care:
GMAT always prefer THAT over WHICH

What makes you say that ? it is incorrect to say this. That versus which is purely based on usage.

Hi Anukrati
I think, I have seen this "THAT over WHICH" in a book. I suppose Manhattan series but not sure.
Vdadwal is right, after solving SC questions from different books even I would say that the use of "which and that" is totally usage based.

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Re: A fund dedicated to collecting reparations [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2012, 09:54
getgyan wrote:
A fund dedicated to collecting reparations of Holocaust survivors in the German government is defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included six employees and custodians of the fund.

A. collecting reparations of Holocaust survivors in the German government is defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included
B. the collection of reparations from Holocaust survivors from the German government had been defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included
C. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from among the German government was defrauded for greater than \$42 million over 16 years by a group including
D. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defrauded of as much as \$42 million in 16 years by a group which included
E. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included

...from the German government
...was defrauded of more than \$42 million...
These are correct parts of the sentence and they both can be found only in the last answer.
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Re: A fund dedicated to collecting reparations [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2012, 10:41
getgyan wrote:
A fund dedicated to collecting reparations of Holocaust survivors in the German government is defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included six employees and custodians of the fund.

D. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defraudedof as much as \$42 million in 16 years by a group which included
E. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defraudedof more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included

I will skip explanations for A-C.

The highlighted content is the same between the problem and option E. Since this part of the sentence construction is correct, option D, which modifies the construction, can be called into question. A helpful rule is that NOT everything in the underlined part is incorrect. In fact 20% of the time, it is completely correct. Hence, one should take a neutral approach, and not be biased against the statement as presented.
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Re: A fund dedicated to collecting reparations of Holocaust [#permalink]

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A fund dedicated to collecting reparations of Holocaust [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2017, 10:03
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A fund dedicated to collecting reparations of Holocaust survivors in the German government is defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included six employees and custodians of the fund.
A. collecting reparations of Holocaust survivors in the German government is defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included
B. the collection of reparations from Holocaust survivors from the German government had been defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included
C. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from among the German government was defrauded for greater than \$42 million over 16 years by a group including
D. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defrauded of as much as \$42 million in 16 years by a group which included
E. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included
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Re: A fund dedicated to collecting reparations of Holocaust [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2017, 22:07
A fund dedicated to collecting reparations of Holocaust survivors in the German government is defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included six employees and custodians of the fund.

A. collecting reparations of Holocaust survivors in the German government is defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included
B. the collection of reparations from Holocaust survivors from the German government had been defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included
C. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from among the German government was defrauded for greater than \$42 million over 16 years by a group including
D. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defrauded of as much as \$42 million in 16 years by a group which included
E. collecting reparations for Holocaust survivors from the German government was defrauded of more than \$42 million over 16 years by a group that included. correct choice

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Re: A fund dedicated to collecting reparations of Holocaust   [#permalink] 11 Feb 2017, 22:07
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