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A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important

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Re: A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2016, 10:15
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sidoknowia wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:

The subject for the verb "keep" / "keeps" is "that", and "that" refers to the noun "factors" - hence "that" is plural and so the verb should also be plural, i.e. "keep".


Hi,

I understand your explanation, based upon it I was trying to make few examples of my own to get better understanding of the concept - but ended up getting confused.
Can you please help me with below sentence ?

A volcano is only of the factors, albeit an important one, that destroys/destroy the biodiversity of the island.


As before, "that" refers to "factors" and is hence plural - the verb should also be plural: "destroy" is correct.

In order to understand this structure, first identify the antecedent of the relative pronoun "that". In general identification is easy because "that" would generally come immediately after the noun it refers to (as per the modifier touch rule). However there are some exceptions (such as this one), in which the modifier is separated from the noun it refers to - this example is such an exception. Manhattan SC guide explains these exceptions in detail. This particular example falls under the following category:

A short non-essential phrase intervenes and is set off by commas. (Here: "albeit an important one".)
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Re: A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important  [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2017, 03:01
Doesn't "that" refer to the nearest noun, In this case "one" in albeit an important one
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Re: A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important  [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2017, 04:24
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onkargm wrote:
Doesn't "that" refer to the nearest noun, In this case "one" in albeit an important one


Try reading the sentence by removing the phrase " albeit an important one", you can find the actual meaning of the sentence. That must refer to the factors, hence we are using "keep".

As per the meaning of the sentence, Higher interest rate keeps the market from spiraling.

Tip: In such sentences, try to remove the phrases between the two commas and then check the overall structure. If it makes sense, it is correct. Else you are missing something.
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Re: A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 22:23
DmitryFarber wrote:
B uses "keep," which is plural. This matches the subject "factors." A higher interest rate is one of the factors. Which factors? The factors that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control.


Hi DmitryFarber,

Well your post is pretty old but I hope you can still clear my doubt. In the sentence "factors" comes in a prepositional phrase "of the factors", then how can it be the subject of the sentence?

Thanks
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Re: A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2017, 00:31
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Dkingdom

To be clear, "factors" isn't the main subject of the sentence. The main subject-verb pair is "rate is," for a simple core of "A rate is one of the factors." However, the phrase beginning with "that keep" is modifying the noun "factors." When we ask "What keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control?" the answer is "factors."
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Re: A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2017, 23:43
I thought the higher interest rate is the subject here. Can someone explain why 'higher interest rate' is not considered as subject ?
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Re: A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2017, 06:27
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santro789 wrote:
I thought the higher interest rate is the subject here. Can someone explain why 'higher interest rate' is not considered as subject ?


Lets look at this sentence in this way

A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important one, that(subject) keeps(verb) the housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did earlier in the decade.

so now we need to ask the question what does 'that' refer to?

'That' will only refer to its nearest noun, which in this case will be factors. Hence the subject is factors and not 'A higher interest rate'
Hope that helps.


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Re: A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2019, 22:08
SaraiGMAT wrote:
A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important one, that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade.

(A) that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade.
"A higher interest rate is only one" [this is the main clause] "of the factors" [this is the prepositional phrase describing the 'one'] "that keep/s the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier..." [this is a relative clause that SHOULD define the 'factors'] Thus, the verb should be plural, "keep".

Also, "like" is used to compare one noun to another. Like cannot be followed by noun+verb.

Ex.
She sings like a duck. (Correct)
She sings as a duck does/sings. [color=#80FF40](Correct: "as" when used in a comparison is followed by a noun+verb.)

She sings like a duck does. (Incorrect)
She sings as a duck. (Incorrect)


(B) that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did earlier in the decade

Correct: The plural "keep" is the correct verb in the clause referring to "factors". "As+subject+verb" is the correct form for a comparison using "as".

(C) that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did earlier in the decade
"Keeps"-->Same problem as in A.

(D) that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, like earlier in the decade
"Like+adjective" is incorrect. "Like" must compare two nouns.

(E) that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade
"Like it did" --> same problem as in A.



Why it is necessary for keep to modify factors and not one of the factors?

Comparison is also clear as it has been used in the later part of the sentence. Following is the comparison.
Interest rate (one of the factors) keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, as interest rate did earlier in the decade.

Why can't singular verb be used for one of the factors?
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Re: A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2019, 23:59
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Balkrishna wrote:
Why it is necessary for keep to modify factors and not one of the factors?

Hi Balkrishna, this is an extremely common pattern tested on GMAT and hence, it might be a good idea to make yourself comfortable with it.

The way to interpret this sentence is:

- there are many factors that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control.

- a higher interest rate is one of those factors.

You might also want to read my related post on a variation of this kind of construct.
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Re: A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2019, 03:18
EducationAisle wrote:
Balkrishna wrote:
Why it is necessary for keep to modify factors and not one of the factors?

Hi Balkrishna, this is an extremely common pattern tested on GMAT and hence, it might be a good idea to make yourself comfortable with it.

The way to interpret this sentence is:

- there are many factors that keep the housing market from spiraling out of control.

- a higher interest rate is one of those factors.

You might also want to read my related post on a variation of this kind of construct.


Hi EducationAisle,

Thank you for your response.

I understood your point. If we consider factors, then following comparison emerges.
factors keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did earlier in the decade.


Is the above comparison logical? Here, comparison is between the action of keeping the housing market from spiraling out of control. Both the entity in if and then clause must be the same.

Am I making any error in understanding the comparison?
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Re: A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2019, 06:04
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it refers to a higher interest rate.
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Re: A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2019, 23:22
It is mentioned only one of the factors and therefore, we should you "keeps" instead of "keep" and i guess "that" modifies interest rate. Please tell me where am I wrong ?
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Re: A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2019, 23:46
aarushisingla wrote:
It is mentioned only one of the factors and therefore, we should you "keeps" instead of "keep"

Hi Aarushi, the way to read this is:

....only one of the factors that keep...

So, there are many factors; a higher interest rate is only one of those factors.

On the other hand, the following sentence would justify keeps:

A higher interest rate is the only one among the various economic factors that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control.

Here it is very clear that there is only one factor that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control: a higher interest rate.
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Re: A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2020, 23:35
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x2suresh wrote:
A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important one, that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade.


A) keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did

B) keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did

C) keepsthe housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did

D) keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, like earlier

E) keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier



Hi I just wanted to know which noun the pronoun 'IT' refers back to.

Thank you
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Re: A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2020, 01:44
hinshara97 wrote:
x2suresh wrote:
A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important one, that keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier in the decade.


A) keeps the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did

B) keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did

C) keepsthe housing market from spiraling out of control, as it did

D) keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, like earlier

E) keep the housing market from spiraling out of control, like it did earlier



Hi I just wanted to know which noun the pronoun 'IT' refers back to.

Thank you


hinshara97,

It refers to interest rate.

Why? Because, interest rate is the only logical antecedent for it in the given sentence.
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Re: A higher interest rate is only one of the factors, albeit an important   [#permalink] 07 Jan 2020, 01:44

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