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# A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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22 May 2007, 21:58
My choice is C.

Choices D and E are wrong becasue the word which has more than one antecedent.

Choice A is wrong becasue it makes the sentence a run-on sentence.

Choice B is wrong becasue the word that has more than one antecedent.
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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2007, 14:13
A requires pronoun to connect the last dependent clause with the main sentence flow. Otherwise "believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen. " has no clear antecedent. Only D & E contains that "which" but E refers to present tense, so D is the right answer.

I guess We can modify the sentence in this way,
Believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet.

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2007, 01:10
I'll go with (C) here.

In (E)...........which is referring to "wingspan of 36 feet" and not "he Quetzalcoatlus"........so is wrong

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2007, 06:28
anita_083 wrote:
8. A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.
(A) believed to be
(B) and that is believed to be
(C) and it is believed to have been
(D) which was, it is believed,
(E) which is believed to be

Why is it not E? Thank you everyone! GMATClub is now my favorite website :D

D,E - 'which' incorrectly modifies 36 feet - out
B - 'that' doesn't have correct modifier. - out

A, C - left

A - looks best

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2007, 06:01
A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.

(A) believed to be
(C) and it is believed to have been

This question has been discussed many times before but there were two different OAs. In my opinion, A is correct because it is a participial phrase modifying the subject in the independent clause.

Can anyone tell me why A is wrong?

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2007, 10:38
bmwhype2 wrote:
Why is the tense correct in C?

Its pp because the Quetzalcoatlus has always been believed to be the largest flying creature in the world.

The Quetzalcoatlus was and is the larghest flying creature in the world.

so nothing wrong with the tense in C.

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2007, 17:45
Hi fistail, the last phrase says :
wingspan of 36 feet,believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.

Now,how does 'believed to be' modify wingspan...it clearly talks about the creature and seems ok to me.I think 'Believed' is acting as a participle and modifying Quetzalcoatlus...any thoughts??

Ant thing thats wrong with A is the tense...It should be present perfect as the belief still exists.

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2007, 05:53
vineetgupta wrote:
Hi fistail, the last phrase says :
wingspan of 36 feet,believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.

Now,how does 'believed to be' modify wingspan...it clearly talks about the creature and seems ok to me.I think 'Believed' is acting as a participle and modifying Quetzalcoatlus...any thoughts??

Ant thing thats wrong with A is the tense...It should be present perfect as the belief still exists.

i dont think it is a matter of whether the belief still exists. if it were, the have would modify beleive (have believed)

i thought abuot this last night and the OA C is correct because we are in the present looking back. thus have been.

to be the worlds largest creature
to have been the worlds largest creature.

http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... highlight=

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2007, 21:15
E - wrong parallel
B - 'that' is wrong here

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2008, 19:16
the sentence ends with,
the world has ever seen....
this suggests that this is the largest bird seen till date......a continuous process....
also, in option a, 36 feet is followed by believed to be ...use of pronoun it makes it more clear....

so the corrrect option is C

36 feet,and it is believed to have been the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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19 May 2008, 02:30
bmwhype2 wrote:
A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.

(A) believed to be
(C) and it is believed to have been

This question has been discussed many times before but there were two different OAs. In my opinion, A is correct because it is a participial phrase modifying the subject in the independent clause.

Can anyone tell me why A is wrong?

According to the stem - the Quetzalcoatlus is very very extinct. So it cannot be. I had been.
Thus it is C.

I would appreciate further comments. Is my reasoning correct??

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2008, 11:26
1
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If you look at the last part of the sentence beginning with "believed to be..." this does not create a complete sentence. It seems to be an appositive such as "Allen, believed to be the smartest person in the world, still only scored a 790 on the GMAT!" There are modification and sentence fragment issues if the appositive "believe to be the smartest man in the world" is put at the end of this sentence such as "Allen still only scored a 790 on the GMAT, believed to be the smartest person in the world."

A cannot be correct because it keeps the phrase at the end where it is unclear what it refers to. What is believe to be the..? It appears that the object modified is wingspan in the manner it is written with A.

C corrects this problem by adding "and it is". This makes the whole thing a compound sentence by making the part after the "," a complete sentence. This is a much better, less confusing way of writing the same idea.

Original Post wrote:
A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.

(A) believed to be
(C) and it is believed to have been

x2suresh wrote:
I am still not convinced with C
and go for A.

Any takers?

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2008, 03:13
ritula wrote:
A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.
(A) believed to be - incomplete as verb to be is required.
(B) and that is believed to be - ambiguous referent for that.
(C) and it is believed to have been - similar to B.
(D) which was, it is believed, - incorrect idiom "believe".
(E) which is believed to be
- correct idiom "believe to be".

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2008, 21:58
ritula wrote:
A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.
(A) believed to be
(B) and that is believed to be
(C) and it is believed to have been
(D) which was, it is believed,
(E) which is believed to be

D and E are out since Which is wrong since it refers to wings
A is wrong

in B that is wrong
C is correct !!!
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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2008, 07:18
C is correct

To join two independant clauses we can use a semicolon (;) OR a comma followed by coordinating conjunction (and, but etc).
So we are left with choices B and C
'that; in B is ambiguous, so we are left with choice C

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2008, 07:42
ritula wrote:
OA is C
Any explanations?

here that is not gud but ,and it is correct construction

X is believed to be the best of the lot
X is believed to have been the best of the lot

have been means referriing to past ,here we need a past tense hence C is better !!!
HTH
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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2008, 12:57
IMO A....

Disagree. C is my pick

A does not fit well because if you take the dependent clause out the sentence falls apart.

D & E use which incorrectly to refer to Q.

B uses that to refer to Q. it is better than that. Hence C

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2009, 19:50
I think "the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet" is a middleman and can be removed before you try to put the fragments in parallel.

Finding parallel to "A huge flying reptile that died out" , "and that is believed to be" fits in quite well.

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2009, 22:11
(A) believed to be - Modifier issue
(B) and that is believed to be - this is good because "that" is referring to "reptile" - no pronoun issue. But use of "to be" is wrong because "to be" refers to present tense.
(C) and it is believed to have been - "to be" issue is solved here but erroneous pronoun "it" could refer to "reptile" or "Quetzalcoatlus ".
(D) which was, it is believed - Modifier issue
(E) which is believed to be - Modifier issue

Here B and C could be parallel contender. I do not think this is a credited question.
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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2009, 23:02
priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
bigtreezl wrote:
C

you have to say have been because it is extinct

can you vindicate use of "it"

"it" is not ambiguos here because there is nothing else in the sentence to confuse "it" with.."it" clearly refers to the dinosaur

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Re: A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million   [#permalink] 27 Apr 2009, 23:02

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