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# A law requiring companies to offer employees unpaid time off

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Senior Manager
Joined: 03 Nov 2005
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A law requiring companies to offer employees unpaid time off [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2010, 00:30
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A law requiring companies to offer employees unpaid time off to care for their children will harm the economic competitiveness of our nation’s businesses. Companies must be free to set their own employment policies without mandated parental-leave regulations.
Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion of the argument above?
(A) A parental-leave law will serve to strengthen the family as a social institution in this country.
(B) Many businesses in this country already offer employees some form of parental leave.
(C) Some of the countries with the most economically competitive businesses have strong parental-leave regulations.
(D) Only companies with one hundred or more employees would be subject to the proposed parental-leave law.
(E) In most polls, a majority of citizens say they favor passage of a parental-leave law.

If A, then B.
If B, then C.
If C, then D.
If all of the statements above are true, which of the following must also be true?
(A) If D, then A.
(B) If not B, then not C.
(C) If not D, then not A.
(D) If D, then E.
(E) If not A, then not D.
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18 Mar 2010, 01:57
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rlevochkin wrote:
A law requiring companies to offer employees unpaid time off to care for their children will harm the economic competitiveness of our nation’s businesses. Companies must be free to set their own employment policies without mandated parental-leave regulations.
Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion of the argument above?
(A) A parental-leave law will serve to strengthen the family as a social institution in this country.
Strengthening family has no relevance to economic competitiveness.
(B) Many businesses in this country already offer employees some form of parental leave.
Does not address whether this harms economic competitiveness in any way.
(C) Some of the countries with the most economically competitive businesses have strong parental-leave regulations.
(D) Only companies with one hundred or more employees would be subject to the proposed parental-leave law.
Number of employees in the company does not matter here.
(E) In most polls, a majority of citizens say they favor passage of a parental-leave law.
Vote of citizens has no relevance to economic competitiveness.

I think the key to solving this problem is identifying the right conclusion. I feel that the conclusion in this question is:
The law forcing companies to have parental-leave regulations will harm the economic competitiveness of our nation's businesses.

Considering this as the conclusion we need to find the option that weakens this. If we have examples of other countries which have strong parental-leave regulations and yet have the most economically competitive businesses then this would weaken the conclusion.

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18 Mar 2010, 07:43
rlevochkin wrote:
A law requiring companies to offer employees unpaid time off to care for their children will harm the economic competitiveness of our nation’s businesses. Companies must be free to set their own employment policies without mandated parental-leave regulations.
Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion of the argument above?
(A) A parental-leave law will serve to strengthen the family as a social institution in this country.
(B) Many businesses in this country already offer employees some form of parental leave.
(C) Some of the countries with the most economically competitive businesses have strong parental-leave regulations.
(D) Only companies with one hundred or more employees would be subject to the proposed parental-leave law.
(E) In most polls, a majority of citizens say they favor passage of a parental-leave law.

If A, then B.
If B, then C.
If C, then D.
If all of the statements above are true, which of the following must also be true?
(A) If D, then A.
(B) If not B, then not C.
(C) If not D, then not A.
(D) If D, then E.
(E) If not A, then not D.

Its between B & C, But I am inclined towards B

B - Statement says that " The law will harm the economic competitiveness of the nation. Otherwise it won't harm.
"will harm" says that in future it affects but currently it is good or normal..
Can we imply that the present scenario of the country is in good or normal health???
Option B implies that, many businesses already have some form of parental leave and the country's economic competitiveness is in good shape. doesn't this imply that the law won't effect the economic competitveness. because many business already have this law in place..

C- states that in some of the countries this law did not affect economic competitiveness. but what about the others.. some of the countries imply that only for few countries it did not affect but for others it did affect..

please comment if I did not understand something here...
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18 Mar 2010, 13:14
I’m almost certain that the first one is C. The second one is C assuming that the only way to get a subsequent letter is if the first letter is present (“you only and always get B if A is present” instead of “A may be one of many requirements of B”). When I read all of these the second way none of the answers made sense in my head. Maybe I’d have to write it out or something. Idk.

What are the OA's?
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19 Mar 2010, 14:43
rlevochkin wrote:
A law requiring companies to offer employees unpaid time off to care for their children will harm the economic competitiveness of our nation’s businesses. Companies must be free to set their own employment policies without mandated parental-leave regulations.
Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion of the argument above?
(A) A parental-leave law will serve to strengthen the family as a social institution in this country.
(B) Many businesses in this country already offer employees some form of parental leave.
(C) Some of the countries with the most economically competitive businesses have strong parental-leave regulations.
(D) Only companies with one hundred or more employees would be subject to the proposed parental-leave law.
(E) In most polls, a majority of citizens say they favor passage of a parental-leave law.

If A, then B.
If B, then C.
If C, then D.
If all of the statements above are true, which of the following must also be true?
(A) If D, then A.
(B) If not B, then not C.
(C) If not D, then not A.
(D) If D, then E.
(E) If not A, then not D.

1. Conclusion is we shouldn't enforce parental-leave regulation. The reason is that it will dampen economic competitiveness.
Only D and C really address the issue at all. D is bad because it doesn't counter-point the reason. It only lessens the force of the competitive dampening. C is right because it offers a counter-example.

2. C is right because A->B->C->D means that D is a necessary condition for A. Without D then no A.
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20 Mar 2010, 15:42
1. I think it's C

Unpaid time off --> harms ecom=nomic competitiveness
Any st. that opposes this will weaken the conclusion. Hence C.

2. C
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22 Mar 2010, 19:25
OAs
1. C
2. C
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22 Dec 2010, 10:19
Please do not post multiple questions at once, it is difficult to track one's mistakes and results in waste of time!
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22 Dec 2010, 14:29
In the first question, why not B?
Thanks!
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22 Dec 2010, 14:36
metallicafan wrote:
In the first question, why not B?
Thanks!

For two reasons:
1) C actually weakens the argument
2) B is out of scope

Just because many companies do it doesn't mean that implementing the law won't adversely affect the nation's economic competitiveness. But if other countries have these laws and saw a benefit then the main point of the argument is called into question. I hope that makes sense.
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Re: A law requiring companies to offer employees unpaid time off [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2014, 20:10
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Re: A law requiring companies to offer employees unpaid time off [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2014, 00:07
is answer to second question E : we know a is a essential for d, hence no a , no d but no info, whether d is essential for a , E is not mentioned in the stem
Re: A law requiring companies to offer employees unpaid time off   [#permalink] 15 Apr 2014, 00:07
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