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Manager
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02 Sep 2007, 01:28
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 744
Page: 697

A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

(A) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what
(B) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like
(C) Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as
(D) Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to
(E) Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Director
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Joined: 03 Oct 2013
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16 Jan 2014, 23:33
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solidcolor wrote:
A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

A. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what
B. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like
C. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as
D. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to
E. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what

Rules tested- Modifier and idiomatic expression.

A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

"A leading ... enlightenment" incorrectly modifies the "books". Use of apostrophe is deceptive.

A, B and C can be eliminated on this.

A. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what
B. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like
"A is to B like X is to Y" is Unidiomatic

C. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as
"A is to B just as X is to Y" is Unidiomatic

In Option D and E, "Adam smith" is correctly modified however D is unidiomatic.

D. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to
"A is to B similar to X is to Y" is unidiomatic

E. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what

Correct idiomatic expression is "A is to B what X is to Y"

Hope this helps!
Dolly Sharma
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20 Jul 2013, 11:50
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possessive modifier, options a, b and c go off.
In D similar is redundant.
So e
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10 Jun 2014, 09:32
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A leading figure in the Scottish Enlightenment describes Adam Smith, not his two books, so the name of Adam Smith must immediately follow the opening phrase. The comparison between Smith's books and Marx's book is expressed as a ratio, so the correct idiomatic expression is x is to y what a is to b.
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Manager
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18 Jul 2014, 00:35
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E is right because "Correct idiomatic expression is "A is to B what X is to Y"", thanks to USAteam and CrackverbalGMAT
Could you guys explain what does the idiom mean? Example? Is the idiom the same as " A is about B, as X is about Y" ?
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18 Jul 2014, 03:02
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E is right because "Correct idiomatic expression is "A is to B what X is to Y"", thanks to USAteam and CrackverbalGMAT
Could you guys explain what does the idiom mean? Example? Is the idiom the same as " A is about B, as X is about Y" ?

This idiom is used to draw an analogy or parallel.
For instance, Lebanon is similar to Switzerland in terms of financial power, diversity, mountainous terrain and the popularity of skiing, So one could say:
Lebanon is to the Middle East what Switzerland is to Europe.

Hope this makes things clear.

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02 Sep 2007, 07:01
Picking E here. Adam Smith need to be subject not possesive.
I am not very clear of difference between "similar to" and "what" here but I chose "what" because it show degree of importance.

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07 Jan 2014, 02:11
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solidcolor wrote:
A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

A. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what
B. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like
C. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as
D. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to
E. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what

His books are not a leading figure, so A/B/C gone. "similar to" is wrong idiomatically, in this context. "two books... that are to... what [this other book].. is to" is correct parallelism, so E is correct.
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08 Nov 2014, 00:30
A. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what - not clear if he wrote them
B. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like - use of like - not for examples
C. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as - wrong usage - awkward
D. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to- awkwards- changes meaning
E. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what - clear,concise,correct
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15 Oct 2015, 09:01
rohitmanglik wrote:
Do we have any idiom related to "similar"? What is the correct usage of "similar"?
WaterFlowsUp wrote:
possessive modifier, options a, b and c go off.
In D similar is redundant.
So e

We can see:
SIMILAR (to somebody/something)
Mr A’s ideas about writing the report are similar to Mr B’s.

Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to Marx’s Das Kapitalis to socialism -> not correct
Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what....
-> It precisely expresses idiomatic structure ( ....to DEMOCRATIC CAPITALISM what.....to SOCIALISM)
Hope it helps!
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22 Jun 2016, 18:29
+1 for E.
Split 1 : The modifier in the beginning of sentence refer's to Adam Smith. So A, B and C are out as Adam Smith's is actually acting as an adjective and not as a noun.
Split 2 : D has a redundant similar to. X is to ABC what Y is to EFG is the correct idiomatic usage.

E is the winner
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23 Jun 2016, 09:54
A is to B what X is to Y.

E is correct.
Manager
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12 Oct 2016, 05:19
SPLIT1) MODIFIERS: RIGHT AFTER THE COMMA, YOU MUST DEFINE WHAT IS THE FIRST PART OF THE SENTENCE TALKING ABOUT. IN THIS CASE IT IS ADAM SMITH. THIS IS MY LOGIC FOR GETTING RID OF A, B AND C.

SPLIT2) IDIOM: "A is to B what X is to Y"" IS THE CORRECT IDIOM. D IS OUT.

NOTE: I AM GOING TO SOUND FANCY WITH THIS, BUT HECK I GET IT NOW = AN APPOSITIVE PHRASE AT THE BEGINNING OF A SENTENCE ALWAYS MODIFIES THE SUBJECT.
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19 May 2017, 05:59
solidcolor wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 744
Page: 697

A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

A. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what
B. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like
C. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as
D. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to
E. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Attachment:

03.jpg [ 20.84 KiB | Viewed 1339 times ]

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Attachment:

02.jpg [ 109.21 KiB | Viewed 1340 times ]

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Attachment:

01.jpg [ 66.73 KiB | Viewed 1345 times ]

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18 Jun 2017, 10:55
CrackVerbalGMAT wrote:
solidcolor wrote:
A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

A. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what
B. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like
C. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as
D. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to
E. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what

Rules tested- Modifier and idiomatic expression.

A leading figure in the Scottish enlightenment, Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what Marx’s Das Kapital is to socialism.

"A leading ... enlightenment" incorrectly modifies the "books". Use of apostrophe is deceptive.

A, B and C can be eliminated on this.

A. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism what
B. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism like
"A is to B like X is to Y" is Unidiomatic

C. Adam Smith’s two major books are to democratic capitalism just as
"A is to B just as X is to Y" is Unidiomatic

In Option D and E, "Adam smith" is correctly modified however D is unidiomatic.

D. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism similar to
"A is to B similar to X is to Y" is unidiomatic

E. Adam Smith wrote two major books that are to democratic capitalism what

Correct idiomatic expression is "A is to B what X is to Y"

Hope this helps!
Dolly Sharma
Verbal Trainer
CrackVerbal

Substituting the phrases into the correct idiomatic expression "A is to B what X is to Y" ,

A = Adam Smith wrote two major books
B = democratic capitalism

X = Marx’s Das Kapital
Y = socialism

Aren't A and X supposed to be parallel?
Here A and X are not parallel.
Can you help me understand?

Many thanks!!
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