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A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of

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A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 06 Nov 2018, 03:16
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A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published, reveals that Twain provided financial assistance to one of the first Black students at Yale Law School.

(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published,

(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,

(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published,

(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year as he published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that

(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that

The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 174
Page: 679

https://www.nytimes.com/1985/03/14/books/from-twain-a-letter-on-debt-to-blacks.html

A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year that ''The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn'' was published in the United States, describes his offer to provide financial assistance to one of the first black students at Yale Law School and suggests that Twain was vigorously opposed to racism.

Originally posted by WhyabloodyMBA on 07 Jul 2009, 12:29.
Last edited by Bunuel on 06 Nov 2018, 03:16, edited 8 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2012, 14:28
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GMATtaker777 wrote:
11. A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published, reveals that Twain provided financial assistance to one of the first Black students at Yale Law School.
(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published,
(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,
(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published,
(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year as he published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that
(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that

I'm happy to help with this.

The first split --- how should the sentence begin? "A letter" vs. "Mark Twain"?
The structure "A letter by Mark Twain ..... reveals" is very clear and direct.
The structure "Mark Twain wrote a letter .... that reveals" is wordier and less efficient. Right away, we are not disposed toward (D) & (E). These two also completely flub the comparison, so they are out.

The other split revolves around how the comparison is constructed. (The GMAT loves comparisons!)
The phrasing in (A) ... in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published ... will sound colloquially correct --- this is what many folks would say in ordinary conversation -- but technically, it is 100% illogical. What follows the words "the same year as" should be a year. Here, we would have to say:
...in the same year as the year when The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published... (correct, but a little wordy)
...in the same year as that in which The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published... (correct in a way the GMAT would like)
Those are both correct, but (A) is wrong.

The comparison in (B) is completely ungrammatical and wrong.

Only (C) has a grammatically correct version of the comparison. Here, we have a subordinate clause modifying the word "year." This is a perfectly acceptable solution to the comparison, and arguably, the most concise way to express the idea. This is by far the best answer.

Does all this make sense?

Mike
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2009, 12:11
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A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published, reveals that Twain provided financial assistance to one of the first Black students at Yale Law School.

(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published, ("The adventures of Huckleberry Finn" is singular(a book) and the verb should be WAS instead of WERE. Out of the game. )
(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, (Awkward sentence formation - Out of the game.)
(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published, - My Pick
(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year as he published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that (Not clear to what THAT is refering to. Also Awkward construction - that reveals that.... Out of the game. )
(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that(Not clear to what THAT is refering to. Also Awkward construction - that reveals that.... Out of the game. )
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2012, 11:21
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umeshpatil wrote:
I am convinced why other options are wrong. Can you please elaborate only the answer choice:
I require little explanation on the below lines.
Quote:
we have a subordinate clause modifying the word "year."

Simplifying the sentence "A letter written in the same year that X was published reveals". The part in bold part is a subject of the sentence- "A letter reveals..."

So, "written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published " is modifier of "A letter by Mark Twain". Correct?

Coming to my doubt, "Year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published" Is the usage of that correct ? As per me modifier should one that indicates the point of time. like "time when X was published"

Dear Umeshpatil,

Great questions. I'm happy to help.

Yes, the subject is "A letter", and yes, the clause "written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published" is a long clause that modifies the subject.

As for the "that" clause ---
Whenever we use the word "same" --- the "same man", the "same book", the "same country" --- we have to specify --- the same as what? One way to do this is to with an "as" clause
I am reading the same book as the one he read in a single sitting last week.
Another perfectly correct way to express this is with a modifier clause that, by modifying the noun, identifies it. (This is called a restrictive clause, and must begin with the word "that" instead of the word "which" when modifying an object.)
I am reading the same book that he read in a single sitting last week.
I want to travel to the same country that just liberated Aung San Suu Kyi from house arrest.
I want to talk the same person who interviewed the politician yesterday.
He graduated from high school the same year that Nixon was elected President.

All of those are perfectly correct. This is the grammatical structure the clause is following --- " ... the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published."

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2011, 07:06
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WhyabloodyMBA wrote:
A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published, reveals that Twain provided financial assistance to one of the first Black students at Yale Law School.
(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published,
(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,
(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published,
(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year as he published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that
(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year of publication asThe Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that

IMO C !

A is wrong because of the usage of were (plural but letter is singular)
B is wrong because of usage of as. (As compares two verbs and not nouns)
C is correct !
D is awkward in construction.
E uses wrong usage of as and is also structurally awkward .

Hope this helps
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2017, 03:00
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I was wondering what was wrong with the answer choice B. Most replies simply stated 'B' as awkward. I wanted to understand further, so I did some research and have come up with an explanation which was convincing to me.

The usage "same year of publication as The Adventures...." is incorrect because 'as' is used to compare similar things. Here we are comparing the 'year' with 'The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn' which is a book. I feel a more appropriate usage would have been "same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published". Hope this sheds some light on why answer choice B is incorrect.

I also read another query on the usage of 'that' in answer choice C. I would like to quote a text from a reference material which will offer an explanation for the usage of that in the specific location:

"A noun followed by the word 'that' signals a noun modifier. A verb followed immediately by the word 'that' signals the more complex sentence structure 'subject-verb-THAT-subject-verb-object'."

'year' is a noun and the text that follows 'that' is a modifier for the noun 'year'.
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2012, 18:33
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shanmugamgsn wrote:
Hi Mike,
Doesn't this appear to be passive voice? " A letter by Mark Twain"

No. Passive voice is a quality of verbs, and there's no verb here.

If we wrote, "A letter was written by Mark Twain, and the letter said XYZ." ---- that passive construction is a horrible wordy monstrosity.
Consider the same information in active form:
"Mark Twain wrote a letter that said XYZ." --- much more direct, much more powerful.

The BIG idea, though, is you need a verb to have passive voice. The phrase "A letter by Mark Twain" has no verb, so by itself, it is not passive. In fact, there's no more concise way to express that information --- re-arranging it would introduce a verb where there is now no verb, and that would make it wordier.

Here'a blog on the passive voice:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/active-vs- ... -the-gmat/

Does all this make sense?

Mike
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2012, 13:10
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The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a novel . Therefore were published is wrong!!! Eliminate A
In D that,reveals that is awkard

As is for comprassions we need that in the sentence. B and E . In B and E it is also understood that there is a specific year . M.T wrote a letter in the same year as the novel. Which year is that _?
But in C a letter ,written in the same year that the novel was published.
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2016, 09:19
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nahid78 wrote:
WhyabloodyMBA wrote:
A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published, reveals that Twain provided financial assistance to one of the first Black students at Yale Law School.
(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published,
(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,
(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published,
(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year as he published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that
(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year of publication asThe Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that

I understand all but C are wrong. But ... the same year that
Can anyone please explain the use of this "That"?

It is alright to refer to an year with the pronoun "that".

I played for Bengal cricket team in the the same year that Saurav Ganguly played.... correct. ("that" refers to "year")
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2016, 05:57
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seanick wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:

It is alright to refer to an year with the pronoun "that".
("that" refers to "year")

You mean a year?
Anyway, can we really dismiss A for the use of 'The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published'? Are we supposed to have prior knowledge of the book? For a layman, The Adventures of Huck could be a series of multiple short stories.
Would A be okay if it said 'A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published'?
Or is that indispensible, as in C?

"As" without "that" would be correct if there were a clause before "as" - then the comparison would be between two clauses:
X was written in the same year as Y was published..........correct.
I drove to the store AT THE SAME TIME AS you [did].............. correct ( example from Manhattan SC guide)

But:
X, written in the same year as THAT Y was published, reveals Z...... correct. (comparison is now between the noun year and the pronoun that).
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2017, 13:09
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A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published, reveals that Twain provided financial assistance to one of the first Black students at Yale Law School.

(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published,
(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,
(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published,
(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year as he published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that
(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2009, 13:14
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C as well.

a) "The Adventures of Huckleberry Fin" is singular so we need "was" rather than "were"
b) "year of publication" sounds awkward.
d) "that" makes the entire sentence chunky - "that reveals that..." awkward and chunky.
e) "that" makes the entire sentence chunky - "that reveals that..." awkward and chunky.
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2012, 17:14
mikemcgarry wrote:
GMATtaker777 wrote:
11. A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published, reveals that Twain provided financial assistance to one of the first Black students at Yale Law School.
(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published,
(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,
(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published,
(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year as he published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that
(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that

I'm happy to help with this.

The first split --- how should the sentence begin? "A letter" vs. "Mark Twain"?
The structure "A letter by Mark Twain ..... reveals" is very clear and direct.
The structure "Mark Twain wrote a letter .... that reveals" is wordier and less efficient. Right away, we are not disposed toward (D) & (E). These two also completely flub the comparison, so they are out.

The other split revolves around how the comparison is constructed. (The GMAT loves comparisons!)
The phrasing in (A) ... in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published ... will sound colloquially correct --- this is what many folks would say in ordinary conversation -- but technically, it is 100% illogical. What follows the words "the same year as" should be a year. Here, we would have to say:
...in the same year as the year when The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published... (correct, but a little wordy)
...in the same year as that in which The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published... (correct in a way the GMAT would like)
Those are both correct, but (A) is wrong.

The comparison in (B) is completely ungrammatical and wrong.

Only (C) has a grammatically correct version of the comparison. Here, we have a subordinate clause modifying the word "year." This is a perfectly acceptable solution to the comparison, and arguably, the most concise way to express the idea. This is by far the best answer.

Does all this make sense?

Mike

Hi Mike,

Doesn't this appear to be passive voice? " A letter by Mark Twain"
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2012, 19:38
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I am convinced why other options are wrong. Can you please elaborate only the answer choice:
I require little explanation on the below lines.

Quote:
we have a subordinate clause modifying the word "year."

Simplifying the sentence "A letter written in the same year that X was published reveals". The part in bold part is a subject of the sentence- "A letter reveals..."

So, "written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published " is modifier of "A letter by Mark Twain". Correct ?

Coming to my doubt, "Year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published"

Is the usage of that correct ? As per me modifier should one that indicates the point of time. like "time when X was published"

As you said, I perfectly agree with below usages,
"in the same year as the year when X was published"
"in the same year as that in which X was published"
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2016, 05:41
WhyabloodyMBA wrote:
A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published, reveals that Twain provided financial assistance to one of the first Black students at Yale Law School.
(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published,
(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,
(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published,
(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year as he published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that
(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year of publication asThe Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that

I understand all but C are wrong. But ... the same year that
Can anyone please explain the use of this "That"?
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2016, 23:19
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WhyabloodyMBA wrote:
A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published, reveals that Twain provided financial assistance to one of the first Black students at Yale Law School.
(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published,
(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,
(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published,
(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year as he published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that
(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year of publication asThe Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that

i think c is correct but i have a doubt that in c option after year instead of "that" it must be "when" please explain why it is that even when we are referring to time.
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2016, 10:01
rishabhmishra wrote:
WhyabloodyMBA wrote:
A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published, reveals that Twain provided financial assistance to one of the first Black students at Yale Law School.
(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published,
(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,
(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published,
(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year as he published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that
(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year of publication asThe Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that

i think c is correct but i have a doubt that in c option after year instead of "that" it must be "when" please explain why it is that even when we are referring to time.

"That", "when" or "in which" any of these three could be used to refer to "year".
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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15 May 2018, 18:50
(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year as he published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that --- He published, this changed the meaning . original sentence does not mention any such thing..... that revels that...... i don't like in structure either.

(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that -------- that revels that not effective.

in A B C SV pairs are correct. All we left with modifier.

(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published, ---- year vs published. Should be something like ..... same year as the year in which this book was/were published. if it was a hypothetical situation then use of 'were' could be right. here use of 'were' seems odd.

(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, --- same comparison.

(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published, --- 'that' referring to year. making complete sense as it should. bet answer.
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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26 May 2018, 09:48
sayantanc2k wrote:
seanick wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:

It is alright to refer to an year with the pronoun "that".
("that" refers to "year")

You mean a year?
Anyway, can we really dismiss A for the use of 'The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published'? Are we supposed to have prior knowledge of the book? For a layman, The Adventures of Huck could be a series of multiple short stories.
Would A be okay if it said 'A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published'?
Or is that indispensible, as in C?

"As" without "that" would be correct if there were a clause before "as" - then the comparison would be between two clauses:
X was written in the same year as Y was published..........correct.
I drove to the store AT THE SAME TIME AS you [did].............. correct ( example from Manhattan SC guide)

But:
X, written in the same year as THAT Y was published, reveals Z...... correct. (comparison is now between the noun year and the pronoun that).

Hello sayantanc2k

X, written in the same year as THAT Y was published, reveals Z...... correct.
in this sentence As and That are together correct or, only AS or only THAT would be correct?

Sorry if it is a silly question.
Thank you
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Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of  [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2019, 22:25
WhyabloodyMBA wrote:
A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published, reveals that Twain provided financial assistance to one of the first Black students at Yale Law School.

(A) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published,
- the sentence could be "as X was" - meaning = same year as X was written
OR "As the year X was published"
- Wrong

(B) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,
- A noun can be used after "as" only if the noun represents a role/function
-Wrong

(C) A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was published,
- As mentioned by sayantanc2k in his post - that/when/in which can refer to year
- Correct

(D) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year as he published The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that
- "That" refers to Adventures... - this changes the meaning and suggests that adventures reveled the aspect of financial assistance
- Incorrect use of "as" is similar to its use in option A
- Wrong

(E) Mark Twain wrote a letter in the same year of publication as The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn that
- The adventures - does not describe role/function - Incorrect use of "as"
- Meaning ambiguity similar to that observed in option D
-Wrong
Re: A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year as The Adventures of   [#permalink] 13 Dec 2019, 22:25
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