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A little under a million years ago, the briny waters of the

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A little under a million years ago, the briny waters of the  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 22 Sep 2017, 14:13
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A
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A little under a million years ago, the briny waters of the Baltic Sea began flooding into the cold North Atlantic: geologists are still debating whether the flood was gradual or created a cataclysm.

(A) whether the flood was gradual or created a cataclysm
(B) if the flood was gradual or created a cataclysm
(C) about whether the flood was gradual or cataclysmic
(D) whether the flood was gradual or cataclysmic
(E) whether the flood was gradual or it created a cataclysm

Please explain..

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Originally posted by vannu on 05 Jun 2009, 09:10.
Last edited by ydmuley on 22 Sep 2017, 14:13, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: A little under a million years ago, the briny waters of the  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2009, 13:20
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vannu wrote:
A little under a million years ago, the briny waters of the Baltic Sea began flooding into the cold North Atlantic: geologists are still debating whether the flood was gradual or created a cataclysm.
(A) whether the flood was gradual or created a cataclysm
(B) if the flood was gradual or created a cataclysm
(C) about whether the flood was gradual or cataclysmic
(D) whether the flood was gradual or cataclysmic
(E) whether the flood was gradual or it created a cataclysm

Please explain..



I choose option D. We need to have parallelism between 2 adjectives. "gradual" is an adjective and so is "cataclysmic."
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Re: A little under a million years ago, the briny waters of the  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2011, 08:25
(D)

(A) whether the flood was gradual or created a cataclysm
(B) if the flood was gradual or created a cataclysm
(C) about whether the flood was gradual or cataclysmic
(D) whether the flood was gradual or cataclysmic
(E) whether the flood was gradual or it created a cataclysm
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Re: A little under a million years ago, the briny waters of the  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2011, 20:39
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Vannu,

tarek99 is right on here. "OR" is a classic parallelism marker. When you see that word, you should look for parallelism problems. Notice how "or" is used:

"Would you like to drink soda or tea?" --> The two nouns in parallel are "soda" and "tea." It would be incorrect to say "Would like to drink soda or drinking tea?"
"I am going to run or swim today." --> The two verbs in parallel are "run" and "swim." It would be incorrect to say "I am going running or to swim today."

In your example, the flood either one thing or another, so those two things need to be parallel.

Make sense?

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Re: A little under a million years ago, the briny waters of the  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2011, 08:02
can someone pl explain whats wrong with E?
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Re: A little under a million years ago, the briny waters of the  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2011, 01:36
nikhil007 wrote:
can someone pl explain whats wrong with E?


Firstly the parallelism. 2ndly look for Meaning in E. in X OR Y both X & Y should make sense together. Here it doesn't.
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Re: A little under a million years ago, the briny waters of the  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2012, 18:16
vannu wrote:
A little under a million years ago, the briny waters of the Baltic Sea began flooding into the cold North Atlantic: geologists are still debating whether the flood was gradual or created a cataclysm.
(A) whether the flood was gradual or created a cataclysm
(B) if the flood was gradual or created a cataclysm
(C) about whether the flood was gradual or cataclysmic
(D) whether the flood was gradual or cataclysmic
(E) whether the flood was gradual or it created a cataclysm

Please explain..



'whether' is used when you have alternatives as in 'this or this'. 'if' is used when you have only one option. In the question above, since its about flood being gradual or not, we have to chose 'whether' instead of 'if.

Looking into option A, D and E -here comes the parallelism. A or B
So the answer is D - whether the flood was 'gradual' or 'cataclysmic'
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Re: A little under a million years ago, the briny waters of the  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2017, 14:18
A little under a million years ago, the briny waters of the Baltic Sea began flooding into the cold North Atlantic: geologists are still debating whether the flood was gradual or created a cataclysm.

(A) whether the flood was gradual or created a cataclysm ==> Issue with parallelism

(B) if the flood was gradual or created a cataclysm ==> Issue with parallelism

(C) about whether the flood was gradual or cataclysmic ==> "About" is redundant

(D) whether the flood was gradual or cataclysmic

(E) whether the flood was gradual or it created a cataclysm ==> Issue with parallelism
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Re: A little under a million years ago, the briny waters of the  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2018, 19:49
Parallelism + Idiom

A is wrong because the things before and after ‘or’ are not parallel; i.e. “was gradual” and “created a cataclysm” are not parallel.
B is wrong because ‘whether’ is always better than ‘if’.
C uses an extra word ‘about’. We never debate ‘about’ something, we debate ‘over’ something.
E repeats the mistake in A.
D is the best choice.
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Re: A little under a million years ago, the briny waters of the &nbs [#permalink] 17 Jul 2018, 19:49
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