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A majority of the international journalists surveyed view

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MBA Section Director
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2012, 07:48
1
Ambiguous pronouns is NOT a rule!
The only 2 pronoun rules (thumb if you will) are:
1. A pronoun must have a valid antecedent.
2. The pronoun must agree in number.
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Re: A majority of the international journalists [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2013, 14:56
sap wrote:
In Option 'E' the pronoun 'they' is replaced by power stations, isnt it clearer ?

in 'D' they could refer to the journalists as well.,

I think 'E' can also be considered as a viable option !!

Ambiguity is not a strong issue for elimination in GMAT. In the D, it is clear that journalists cannot be made safer. Undoubtly they refers power stations.

The problem with E, in my oppinion, is changing the meaning and redundancy. Intended meaning is "stations will be safer or could be made safer". It is clearly written in D, while in E we have "stations would/will be made safer or could be made safer". Redundancy. " Will be safer" against "will be made safer". I put on the first.
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nu [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2014, 08:40
1
1
kiransaxena1988 wrote:
A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.

(A) that they will, or could,
(B) that they would, or could,
(C) they will be or could
(D) think that they will be or could
(E) think the power stations would or could

OA is 'D', please explain..... not getting why the answer is 'D', it should be 'A'

Not a good question.

After but you should use a pronoun that unambiguously refers to an antecedent

A B and C use that after but: its usage is completely wrong.

One one hand is true that "that" is used with restrictive phrases and restrictive phrases are phrases that are essential to the sentence. On the other hands has no meaning to the economy of the same.

E seems that the power stations think per se and this is absurd

D use they: at glance the usage of "they" seems ok but it could refers to journalists or power stations

Please provide the source of this question
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nu [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2014, 17:13
2
Paris75 wrote:
I agree, poor question..

here THEY can only refer to stations, since in the first part of the sentence you are dealing with A majority of the international journalists and this is singular...

Therefore D is really good, but still poor question! Totally agree with carcass !

Hope it helps!

This is not properly correct

As rule of thumb THE (number, majority and so on) indicates singular. Vice versa A (number majority ) indicates PLURAL.

But even if you do not discern this the context comes in handy: doesn't make sense to say:

A majority of railway commuters read or listen to music while traveling. (here doesn't make sense the usage of singular)

The majority of railway commuters reads or listens to music while traveling (vice versa of above)

Here we can choose what is singular or plural relying on the context.

Hope is clear

regards

PS: the examples above come from MGMAT forum.
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2014, 04:55
sivasanjeev wrote:
Striking out prep. phrases and modifiers

A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.

As we see, but is acting as a parallel marker and not as a co-coordinating conjunction. but must hence be followed by a verb - parallel to view

straight away, eliminate A,B,C for the above stated reason.

(A) that they will, or could,
(B) that they would, or could,
(C) they will be or could

(D) think that they will be or could
Let's check E before we worry about D.

Addnl. notes: If you are worried that they could refer to journalists, hold your horses. ...journalists... is a part of the prep. phrase. The only other plural noun is power stations. Hence, 'they' has a clear referent.

(E) think the power stations would or could
Notice the absence of the relative clause modifier - that. 'think the power stations ..' is a wrong construction.
Another issue with E - or being the parallel marker, verb forms on either side of or must be parallel. (Not necessarily in the same tense though)

So we are left with D.

Great explanation but I want to elaborate a bit more on why E is wrong. The use of " Power stations" is redundant because "they" clearly refers to " Power stations" therefore we do not nee to use "Power stations" . Hope it makes sense.
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2015, 21:37
1
Clearly D,

E changes meaning for two reasons:
1) we are talking about nuclear power stations , but not power stations in general.,
The original sentence means nuclear power stations are not safe, but doesn't mean "(all) power stations are not safe"
2) Original sentence uses will (100% chance) and could (50% ),
but when you say "I would help if I didn't have to work" you mean "I didn't help"
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2015, 07:35
I am more concern between will and could
since we are talking about future - it looks like there is an uncertainty, since we are presented the modal verb "could".
If we know smth for sure, it should be WILL and CAN.
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A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nu [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2016, 01:50
kiransaxena1988 wrote:
A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.

(A) that they will, or could,
(B) that they would, or could,
(C) they will be or could
(D) think that they will be or could
(E) think the power stations would or could

OA is 'D', please explain..... not getting why the answer is 'D', it should be 'A'

You need the verb 'think' because the journalists 'view' the nuclear power stations as unsafe and 'but' is used as a conjunction to introduce a contrary statement to what was said before. 'They' definitely indicates 'power stations'.
Read this:
A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but they think that the power stations will be or could be made sufficiently safe in the future.'
'will be' and 'could be' are used to indicate that the journalists think that the power stations will be made sufficiently safe in the future and (could be) it might be possible.
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2017, 21:47
duttarupam wrote:
gmataspirant2009 wrote:
13. A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.
(A) that they will, or could,
(B) that they would, or could,
(C) they will be or could
(D) think that they will be or could
(E) think the power stations would or could
would or could refers to past tense, so incorrect

This question tests parallelisim.

this elaborated the main reason why d is correct
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A majority of the international journalists surveyed view [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2017, 08:58
bpiyush wrote:
How the usage of both will and could is correct?

"Will" depicts a certain future. "Could" depicts a possible, but not certain future. (I could be late implies may be I will be late.) The journalists think that the power stations can either certainly be safe or possibly (but not certainly) be safe in the future. Hence D is alright.
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A majority of the international journalists surveyed view [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2017, 02:08
lorenzo393 wrote:
Although it is not important for answering the question,why ''a majority'' is treatead as a plural and not a collective noun? I think I found some question with ''The majority'' and my memories are that ''the majority'' was treatead as a collective noun.

"Majority" can be treated both as a collective noun or as a quantity word:

The majority trusts him. (singular - collective noun)
The majority of the citizens trust him. (plural - quantity word)

Also note that the quantity words take up the number of the associated noun:
The majority of the pizza WAS eaten. (singular, because pizza is singular)
The majority of the pizza slices WERE eaten. (plural, because pizza slices is plural)
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2017, 11:23
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2017, 11:37
why is c wrong?

(C) they will be or could
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2017, 09:31
Please help in this question.

The they is ambiguous and as the survey happened in the past it cannot take the future tense, instead it should use a conditional tense to refer to an event in the future of the survey.
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2017, 09:32
sztiwari wrote:
13. A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.
(A) that they will, or could,
(B) that they would, or could,
(C) they will be or could
(D) think that they will be or could
(E) think the power stations would or could

Please help in this question.

The they is ambiguous and as the survey happened in the past it cannot take the future tense, instead it should use a conditional tense to refer to an event in the future of the survey.
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2017, 14:30
iamcartic wrote:
"They" doesnt refer to Jounalists here as the subject is a majority and it is singular where as they is plural so D is correct.

Coming to option E - that is missing and hence incorrect!!

Not sure:
https://brians.wsu.edu/2016/05/24/major ... jority-is/

Looks like "a majority of ..." doesn't always means singular.
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2017, 14:33
Can someone explain when do we consider a pronoun ambiguous and when not? In this example, "they" can refer to either "a majority of journalists" or to "nuclear power stations" and it is far away from both. I understand that meaning wise it makes sense that it only refers to "nuclear power stations" --
but how and when do we make this judgement call? Very confusing that at times we are anal retentive about pronoun antecedents and sometimes not.
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2018, 09:22
gixxer1000 wrote:
I'm kind of confused why everyone is getting E. Why would you say 'would or could'? Could implies that it is possibe and would is generaly used to in an ureal or unlikely situation.

Ex. If I was there I would.

The beginning of the sentence says that the power stations are unsafe 'but'.

To me the logical following should be that they either will or can be safe. It doesnt make much sense to say they're not safe but the would be unless you add a reason why.

ex: They are not safe buy the would be if we introduce new safety measures.
NOT: They are not safe but they would and could be.

If I were there I would*
I think this should be right.
Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view   [#permalink] 18 Jan 2018, 09:22

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