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A majority of the international journalists surveyed view

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A majority of the international journalists surveyed view [#permalink]

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40% (00:47) correct 60% (00:44) wrong based on 1043 sessions

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13. A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.
(A) that they will, or could,
(B) that they would, or could,
(C) they will be or could
(D) think that they will be or could
(E) think the power stations would or could
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by sztiwari on 11 Dec 2007, 12:59, edited 1 time in total.

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New post 11 Dec 2007, 12:30
please underline to help in reading the question better.

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Re: SC - will/would [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2007, 22:07
sztiwari wrote:
13. A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.

(A) that they will, or could,
(B) that they would, or could,
(C) they will be or could
(D) think that they will be or could
(E) think the power stations would or could


D. it seems a classic example of llism in terms of verb and tense as I have encountered it frequently.

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Re: SC - will/would [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2007, 07:25
GMAT TIGER wrote:
sztiwari wrote:
13. A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.

(A) that they will, or could,
(B) that they would, or could,
(C) they will be or could
(D) think that they will be or could
(E) think the power stations would or could


D. it seems a classic example of llism in terms of verb and tense as I have encountered it frequently.


Even I had marked it as E. :(

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Re: SC - will/would [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2007, 08:01
sztiwari wrote:
GMAT TIGER wrote:
sztiwari wrote:
13. A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.

(A) that they will, or could,
(B) that they would, or could,
(C) they will be or could
(D) think that they will be or could
(E) think the power stations would or could


D. it seems a classic example of llism in terms of verb and tense as I have encountered it frequently.


Even I had marked it as E. :(


This is what I have for this SC. I don't think it is on the usage of will or could..

in 'E' - after think we need a modifier 'that'

Something like this I think that A can be done.

in 'D' - for me they is ambiguous / faraway from the antecedent. how sure are we that it modifies plants and not the journalists

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New post 13 Dec 2007, 14:32
so is D the OA for sure then? i still cant understand why we would need to have a "that" in E

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Re: SC - will/would [#permalink]

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These type of questions really make it difficult to finalize concepts ....

A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but think that they will be or could be made sufficiently safe in the future.

In the above statement there are two nouns journalists and stations

The first subject ( journalists ) view .... and think ..... ( as stations don't think ) ....

It means that they will logical to think as "stations" .....
But still , they can be jouralists too ....

But another is another aspect to the above question.
We have to choose between D and E only.

A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but think the power stations would or could be made sufficiently safe in the future.

In E we have a serious problem in structure , because THAT is missing . A run on sentence infact.

Now between bad and worse, it the bad [D]

Please put forward you opinion regarding my analysis

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Re: SC - will/would [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2008, 08:49
This couldn't possibly have been an OG question. Sounds Kaplan or Princeton to me.

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Re: SC - will/would [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2008, 09:11
I'm kind of confused why everyone is getting E. Why would you say 'would or could'? Could implies that it is possibe and would is generaly used to in an ureal or unlikely situation.

Ex. If I was there I would.

The beginning of the sentence says that the power stations are unsafe 'but'.

To me the logical following should be that they either will or can be safe. It doesnt make much sense to say they're not safe but the would be unless you add a reason why.

ex: They are not safe buy the would be if we introduce new safety measures.
NOT: They are not safe but they would and could be.

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Re: SC - will/would [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2008, 05:50
"They" doesnt refer to Jounalists here as the subject is a majority and it is singular where as they is plural so D is correct.

Coming to option E - that is missing and hence incorrect!!

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Re: 1000 SC no 13 [#permalink]

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it should be D...because will shows that they feel that it will definately happen

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A majority of the international journalists surveyed view [#permalink]

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A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.

(A) that they will, or could,
(B) that they would, or could,
(C) they will be or could
(D) think that they will be or could
(E) think the power stations would or could
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Last edited by Zarrolou on 05 Jun 2013, 09:09, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question, added OA.

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Re: A majority of the international journalists [#permalink]

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gmataspirant2009 wrote:
13. A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.
(A) that they will, or could,
(B) that they would, or could,
(C) they will be or could
(D) think that they will be or could
(E) think the power stations would or could
would or could refers to past tense, so incorrect

This question tests parallelisim.
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Re: A majority of the international journalists [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2009, 13:02
13. A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.
(A) that they will, or could,
(B) that they would, or could,
(C) they will be or could
(D) think that they will be or could
(E) think the power stations would or could

Will is wrong, because "would" is needed for indirect speech, so A, C, and D are out. E seems wrong because a comma is needed (not sure why, but that's how it seems to be). E has "the power stations" replacing the pronoun "they", which is not really needed, because there is no confusion with "a majority of international journalists". However, E has the verb "think" replacing "view", which seems right against B because "view ... but that" doesn't seem to be an idiom, "view X as Y" is. But "that" is needed after "think" in E, without which, it goes like "A think X would or could be made Y", which doesn't seem right. So I would go for B, thinking that "view ... but that" is OK.

What is the OA?

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The use of 'would' [#permalink]

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nusmavrik wrote:

This question is weird - i think tense inconsistency "will" / "could". Can you please weigh in your views?


Subject: Majority

tenaman10 wrote:
A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.

(A) that they will, or could,
(B) that they would, or could,
(C) they will be or could
(D) think that they will be or could
(E) think the power stations would or could


SC Tip:Always check the outside structure before worrying about the details!

A majority (subject) ['of the journalists surveyed'- prepositional phrase] view (verb) power stations (object) as unsafe now, BUT...

Your job at this point is to figure what the 'but' was supposed to contrast.

Journalists view the power stations as unsafe NOW, but 'think' something different regarding the future.

The contrast is between 'view' and 'think', so we should look only at D and E. And you now have to choose between 'will' and 'would':

'Will' indicates what can/will happen in the future.
Ex. "I will go swimming tomorrow." (A real future event.)

'Would' indicates what cannot happen now nor in the future.
Ex. "I would go swimming now/tomorrow, but I have too much work to do."

The intended meaning of the sentence is to say that journalists think it is really possible that power stations will be made safe in the future.

SC Tip #2: When in doubt, add 'that'!
The GMAT SC almost always prefers, "She thinks that she can fly," to "She thinks she can fly."

Best,
Sarai

(For more on modals, check out SC Lesson 6 at gmaxonline!)
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so, is the answer (d) ?
i dont think d is correct as in (D), they can either refer to power stations or to the jounalists.

please comment

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New post 27 Jun 2010, 05:07
sumedhamahajan wrote:
so, is the answer (d) ?
i dont think d is correct as in (D), they can either refer to power stations or to the jounalists.

please comment


Journalists are not something that can be made safe. Pronoun ambiguity arises when there is more than one logical referent for a pronoun, causing the sentence to have two different possible, logical meanings.

-Sarai
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Re: The use of 'would' [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2010, 06:05
Very well explained Sarai. I certainly learn something whenever I read your explanation. Please keep posting your valuable tips.
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Re: The use of 'would' [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2010, 17:07
SaraiGMAXonline wrote:
Journalists are not something that can be made safe. Pronoun ambiguity arises when there is more than one logical referent for a pronoun, causing the sentence to have two different possible, logical meanings.
-Sarai


I would normally agree with that, but sometimes I feel unsure if that rule above can be generalized....

consider the following SC from OG12 (spoiler alert here...):

A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses ...; the question is whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see rhinoceroses after THEIR horns are trimed.

obviously journalists are not something that can be made safe, but isn't it quite obvious that humans don't have horns!??! so under your rule above, the THEIR should correctly and unambigously refer to rhinos? But OG12 says that THEIR could refer to the tourists as well.

the question is where I draw the line of possibile logical referent?

ack.
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Re: The use of 'would' [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2010, 00:25
adalfu wrote:
SaraiGMAXonline wrote:
Journalists are not something that can be made safe. Pronoun ambiguity arises when there is more than one logical referent for a pronoun, causing the sentence to have two different possible, logical meanings.
-Sarai


I would normally agree with that, but sometimes I feel unsure if that rule above can be generalized....

consider the following SC from OG12 (spoiler alert here...):

A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses ...; the question is whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see rhinoceroses after THEIR horns are trimed.

obviously journalists are not something that can be made safe, but isn't it quite obvious that humans don't have horns!??! so under your rule above, the THEIR should correctly and unambigously refer to rhinos? But OG12 says that THEIR could refer to the tourists as well.

the question is where I draw the line of possibile logical referent?

ack.


A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses to discourage poachers; the question is whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are trimmed.
(A) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are
(B) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one once their horns are
(C) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see rhinoceroses once the animals’ horns have been
(D) if tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses once the animals’ horns are
(E) if tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one after the animals’ horns have been

Hi Adalfu,

I don't have the OG12 in front of me at the moment, so I don't know what they wrote in the explanation, but while the problem is here, let's break it down.

You are absolutely right that there is no way to confuse people as the referent for "their". However, when an SC problem bothers to replace a pronoun with the actual noun, the result is a clearer sentence and there'll be preference for such an answer choice. Even when a pronoun is not ambiguous, the reader does have to do the work of finding the referent, and so a sentence is always a bit clearer when the noun is used instead of the pronoun.


There are three other major issues here though:

1) Tenses: We want to indicate that the trimming precedes the visiting; this is why 'has been' is needed-- the past has to be involved in the verb.

2) If vs. Whether: IF THE SENTENCE IS NOT A CONDITIONAL, DO NOT USE 'IF'.

3) Ellipses: In B, the word 'one' means 'one rhinoceros'. But the word 'rhinoceros' does not appear in the sentence. Only the plural, 'rhinoceroses', appears, and you cannot imply a word that never shows up!

Best,
Sarai

More on conditionals in SC Lesson 8 and practice with ellipses in SC Lesson 9 at gmaxonline!
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Re: The use of 'would'   [#permalink] 28 Jun 2010, 00:25

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