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A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe

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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2019, 08:31
egmat wrote:
Hi All,

A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but that they will, or could, be made sufficiently safe in the future.

Image

Error Analysis:

Conjunction “but” joins two independent clauses. But we have a dependent clause after “but” that does not connect too well with the preceding independent clause. The meaning of the sentence is not very clear from the way this sentence has been written.

POE:

Choice A: that they will, or could,: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: that they would, or could,: Incorrect. Same errors as in choice A.

Choice C: they will be or could: Incorrect. Pronoun “they” appears as the subject of the second independent clause and “a majority of the international journalists surveyed” is the subject of the first independent clause. The placement of “they” is such that it refers to the subject of the first independent clause that makes the sentence illogical.

Choice D: think that they will be or could: Correct.

Choice E: think the power stations would or could: Incorrect. Use of “would” is incorrect in this sentence. When the reported speech is in the present tense then the future tense verb in the statement should be “will”. “would” is used when the reported speech is in the past tense. In this choice the reported speech “think” is in present tense. Hence the verb “will” should be used here and not “would”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi,

Isn't "think" an uncertainty and for this reason can't we use "would"?
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2019, 12:49
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Manat wrote:
I had read a rule somewhere which said that :- "If the future is indicated from the point of view of the past, simple future is not used"

For example:- The man said that he would buy a car.

Now, coming to the question, if the sentence was like:-A majority of the international journalists surveyed viewed nuclear power stations as unsafe at present but think that the power station would, or could.

Would E be then correct?

GMATNinja, GMATNinjaTwo, MikeScarn, aragonn, generis, hazelnut

I don't think that rule is anything to worry about -- and I don't think it's correct. There's nothing wrong with this, for example:

    "In the 1990s, many followers of the Pastafarian religion believed that the Flying Spaghetti Monster will beam its devotees to Pasta Heaven in the year 2063."

No problem, right? In the past, people held a certain belief -- about something that WILL happen (with certainty, in their view) in the future.

So I wouldn't worry about whatever rule you've come across -- verb tenses are mostly about logic and meaning, and once you get past the basics, there aren't a lot of iron-clad rules that are going to be useful. More on that in this video.

More importantly: GMAT questions are hard enough, so don't torture yourself by trying to figure out how GMAC would feel about altered answer choices. No SC answer choice exists in a bubble, and the GMAT will never present you with a single sentence and ask, "Hey, is this wrong or right?" The task is always to select the BEST sentence among the five options.

So as long as you understand why (D) is the best choice, you've done your job!


nkhl.goyal wrote:

Hi,

Isn't "think" an uncertainty and for this reason can't we use "would"?

"Think" doesn't automatically imply uncertainty. For example:

  • "Milena thinks that her father is a hairy buffoon who exists solely for her entertainment." -- It is absolutely a fact that Milena thinks (believes) this. We can debate whether the thing that she believes is true in reality (spoiler alert: it is), but the word "thinks" does not, by itself, express uncertainty.
  • "I think about food for approximately 27 hours each day." -- Also a fact. (And yes, my appetite is so powerful that it can bend the laws of mathematics.)

So there's no reason why we couldn't use "think" with the conditional tense ("would"):

  • "Milena thinks that her father would think about food for 27 hours a day if there were, in fact, 27 hours in a day."

I hope this helps!
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2019, 05:25
View : think parallel. A B C out
Would is used in context set in past tense. Sentence talks about the future. Hence will is correct.
Also will be or could be maintain parallelism
E out. D correct answer
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Re: A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2020, 23:19
GMATNinja I know you have tried to explain it in an earlier post why D is better than E. I am still not understanding why E is wrong (or not as good)

(D) think that they will be or could
(E) think the power stations would or could

Is this wrong?
... but think the power stations would be made sufficiently safe in the future.
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A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2020, 14:23
Really great discussion guys!

I will compile all the explanations for E from previous posts and add a few thoughts.

E is wrong because:

1. "that" is missing -> run-on sentence

2. it's "nuclear power stations" not "power stations" in general -> change of meaning

3. this "or" wants to tell us there are two different possibilities of nuclear power stations being made safe -> they will definitely be made safe or they will probably be made safe. Here, we should use "will" to convey "definitely", and "could" to convey "probably.
"would" means unlikely. For example (from Beyonce's If I Were a Boy): If I were a boy, I would turn off my phone. Here, we all know Beyonce isn't a boy, so she would not turn off her phone in that case. The "would" represents "unlikely".

Therefore, E is wrong.
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A majority of the international journalists surveyed view nuclear powe   [#permalink] 27 Jul 2020, 14:23

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