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A manufacturer produced x percent more video cameras in 1994 than in [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2006, 22:35

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63% (02:15) correct
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A manufacturer produced x percent more video cameras in 1994 than in 1993 and y percent more in 1995 than in 1994. If the manufacturer produced 1,000 video cameras in 1993, how many video cameras did the manufacturer produce in 1995?

Re: A manufacturer produced x percent more video cameras in 1994 than in [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2011, 22:21

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The question has one critical word missing. Am assuming as follows: A manufacturer produced x percent more video cameras in 1994 than in 1993 and y percent more in 1995 than in 1994. If he produced 1000 video cameras in 1993, how many did he produce in 1995?

Video cameras produced in 1995 = 1000 * (1+x/100) * (1+y/100) = 1000 * (1 + x/100 + y/100 + xy/10000) cameras = 1000 + 1000/100 (x + y + xy/100) cameras = 1000 + 10 (x + y + xy/100) cameras

Using statement (1), we know xy but not know x and y separately. Insufficient. Using statement (2), we know x + y + xy/100 and so can calculate the expression above. Sufficient.

Re: A manufacturer produced x percent more video cameras in 1994 than in [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2013, 12:24

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Re: A manufacturer produced x percent more video cameras in 1994 than in [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2014, 07:03

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I got E because of typo made in the question.

Original question :: A manufacturer produced x percent more video cameras in 1994 than in 1993 Typo :: A manufacturer produced x percent ____ video cameras in 1994 than in 1993

Bunuel please edit the question stem, it must be "x percent more"
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Original question :: A manufacturer produced x percent more video cameras in 1994 than in 1993 Typo :: A manufacturer produced x percent ____ video cameras in 1994 than in 1993

Bunuel please edit the question stem, it must be "x percent more"

Now the cameras in 1995 = 1000 + a + b = 1000 + 10x + 10y + xy/10 = 10(100+x+y+xy/100)

Now using stmt 2 we can solve the above equation hence Stmt 2 is sufficient and hence answer is B

Note from stmt 1 we wont know values of x and y

hey, i have a query. we substituted the value of "xy" in the equation and are left with two unknown variable x and y. Cant we substitute the value x=20/y also in the equation and make it a single variable equation? From that we can find the value of x and y separately.

Re: A manufacturer produced x percent more video cameras in 1994 than in [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2016, 18:48

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

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Re: A manufacturer produced x percent more video cameras in 1994 than in [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2016, 22:37

mrmikec wrote:

A manufacturer produced x percent more video cameras in 1994 than in 1993 and y percent more in 1995 than in 1994. If the manufacturer produced 1,000 video cameras in 1993, how many video cameras did the manufacturer produce in 1995?

Now the cameras in 1995 = 1000 + a + b = 1000 + 10x + 10y + xy/10 = 10(100+x+y+xy/100)

Now using stmt 2 we can solve the above equation hence Stmt 2 is sufficient and hence answer is B

Note from stmt 1 we wont know values of x and y

hey, i have a query. we substituted the value of "xy" in the equation and are left with two unknown variable x and y. Cant we substitute the value x=20/y also in the equation and make it a single variable equation? From that we can find the value of x and y separately.

For anyone having the same query:

You have xy = 20

Number in 1995 = 1000 * (1 + x/100 + y/100 + xy/10000)

You can put x = 20/y and get:

Number in 1995 = 1000 * ( 1 + 20/100y + y/100 + 20/10000)

What next? We still have an unknown variable y. This is not an equation that will help you solve for y. You need to find the value of the highlighted expression. Also, even if this were an equation, it is likely to give you multiple values of y.

Another thing you can note is that xy = 20 means there are multiple values of x and y possible. e.g. x = 2, y = 10 or x = 4, y = 5 etc. The value of the expression will change depending on which pair you take since x + y is different in each case.
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How can this be done in 2 minutes?.. The factoring is super difficult. Is this a 600 Q?..

You have to do no factorisation here. Just realise that it is a question involving successive percentage changes. You can calculate that using the formula x + y + xy/100

Stmtn 2 gives you this value.

Stmnt 1 gives you xy = 20 only. In this case, x + y can take different values (1+20 or 2+10 or 4+5 etc). So the expression given above will have different values.

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