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# A month ago, a well respected sell-side analyst released a report pred

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 64314
A month ago, a well respected sell-side analyst released a report pred  [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2019, 23:41
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

47% (01:32) correct 53% (01:21) wrong based on 140 sessions

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Competition Mode Question

A month ago, a well respected sell-side analyst released a report predicting that prices in equity markets will reach record highs in the next 12 months. Immediately after the release of the report, some institutional investors who feared a continuing loss of shareholder value publicly expressed optimism in a strong near-term future for equities.

A. who feared a continuing loss of
B. who had feared the continuation of losses of
C. who had feared continuing losses in
D. who feared continuing losses in
E. who had feared a continuing loss of investors'

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Re: A month ago, a well respected sell-side analyst released a report pred  [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2019, 00:10
1
IMO C;
who had feared continuing losses in
concise

A month ago, a well respected sell-side analyst released a report predicting that prices in equity markets will reach record highs in the next 12 months. Immediately after the release of the report, some institutional investors who feared a continuing loss of shareholder value publicly expressed optimism in a strong near-term future for equities.

A. who feared a continuing loss of
B. who had feared the continuation of losses of
C. who had feared continuing losses in
D. who feared continuing losses in
E. who had feared a continuing loss of investors'
Manager
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Posts: 141
Location: Ukraine
Concentration: Technology, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 600 Q44 V28
GMAT 2: 630 Q42 V34
GMAT 3: 660 Q48 V34
GPA: 4
Re: A month ago, a well respected sell-side analyst released a report pred  [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2019, 01:08
1
Past Perfect VS Past Simple: PS wins, so B, C, and E are out.
"loss of" vs "loss in" : "loss of" = no longer in possession of smth, "loss in" = decline in value. I chose D.

A. who feared a continuing loss of
B. who had feared the continuation of losses of
C. who had feared continuing losses in
D. who feared continuing losses in
E. who had feared a continuing loss of investors'
SVP
Joined: 24 Nov 2016
Posts: 1586
Location: United States
Re: A month ago, a well respected sell-side analyst released a report pred  [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2019, 04:00
2
Quote:
A month ago, a well respected sell-side analyst released a report predicting that prices in equity markets will reach record highs in the next 12 months. Immediately after the release of the report, some institutional investors who feared a continuing loss of shareholder value publicly expressed optimism in a strong near-term future for equities.

A. who feared a continuing loss of
B. who had feared the continuation of losses of
C. who had feared continuing losses in
D. who feared continuing losses in
E. who had feared a continuing loss of investors'

MEANING
After a report, some who HAD [before the report] feared something expressed optimism in the short-term.
We need the past perfect "had" to express an even that took place in the past before another in the past;
Timeline: ---fear---report---optimism

Ans (C)
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Re: A month ago, a well respected sell-side analyst released a report pred  [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2019, 05:03
1
Option C due to Past participle form of verb used here in this sentence.
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Re: A month ago, a well respected sell-side analyst released a report pred  [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2019, 08:21
1
Double past tense, so “had” has to come
—> A & D are out

Loss of investors’ —> Wrong. E is out

Between continuation (Noun form) and continuing (Verb form), continuing is preferred. So, B is out

IMO Option C

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Re: A month ago, a well respected sell-side analyst released a report pred  [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2019, 10:35
1
It's should be had feared....since both events happened in the past...one after the other....

A,D Eliminated

A. who feared a continuing loss of
B. who had feared the continuation of losses of.....too wordy
C. who had feared continuing losses in
D. who feared continuing losses in
E. who had feared a continuing loss of investor.....repeatitive

OA:C
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Posts: 95
Re: A month ago, a well respected sell-side analyst released a report pred  [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2019, 10:46
1
Lets analyse the sequence
Losses - > Investors fearing continuing loss -> Report released -> investors express optimism

A. who feared a continuing loss of
we need past perfect to show the sequence in events
B. who had feared the continuation of losses of
C. who had feared continuing losses in
Correct
D. who feared continuing losses in
same as A
E. who had feared a continuing loss of investors'

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Joined: 18 May 2019
Posts: 811
Re: A month ago, a well respected sell-side analyst released a report pred  [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2019, 13:18
1
1
The right answer is option C.

Two key splits can be employed to answer this question.
Split#1: losses in shareholder value vs loss of shareholder value
Split#2: had feared (past perfect tense) vs feared (simple past tense)

We have two events that occurred over a period of time. The first event occurred before the prediction by the respected sell-side analyst. This first event was the fear that some institutional investors had. It is the earlier event, hence it has to be expressed in the past perfect tense. The second event occurred after the prediction. We can, therefore, report it in the simple past tense. This second event is the optimism expressed, simple past tense, by the institutional investors. Based on this split, we can eliminate options A and D.

Split#1: In order to decide between options B, C, and E, we need to understand the meaning of losses in and loss of. Losses in can be used to express a degree of reduction in value. Loss of is used to express an absolute loss of something. For example: 1. John lost consciousness when he fell heavily during the game. This sentence means that John became completely unconscious. 2. John experiences a loss of hearing anytime the loud steam coach passes through the neighborhood. This means John completely loses his sense of hearing when the steam coach passes through the neighborhood. If the sentence were: John experiences a loss in hearing anytime the loud steam coach passes through the neighborhood, it would have meant that John's sense of hearing reduces and not that he has lost his hearing completely.

In the context of the sentence, losses in is more appropriate. Loss in would mean that some institutional investors fear some reduction in shareholder value, and this is logical. Loss of would mean that institutional investors fear complete loss of shareholder value, and this is illogical. Hence eliminate all options that use loss of. Options B and E use loss of instead of loss in.

We are left with option C, as the correct answer choice.

A month ago, a well respected sell-side analyst released a report predicting that prices in equity markets will reach record highs in the next 12 months. Immediately after the release of the report, some institutional investors who feared a continuing loss of shareholder value publicly expressed optimism in a strong near-term future for equities.

A. who [had] feared a continuing loss of
B. who had feared the continuation of losses of
C. who had feared continuing losses in
D. who [had] feared continuing losses in
E. who had feared a continuing loss of investors'
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 64314
Re: A month ago, a well respected sell-side analyst released a report pred  [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2019, 00:12
Bunuel wrote:

Competition Mode Question

A month ago, a well respected sell-side analyst released a report predicting that prices in equity markets will reach record highs in the next 12 months. Immediately after the release of the report, some institutional investors who feared a continuing loss of shareholder value publicly expressed optimism in a strong near-term future for equities.

A. who feared a continuing loss of
B. who had feared the continuation of losses of
C. who had feared continuing losses in
D. who feared continuing losses in
E. who had feared a continuing loss of investors'

Official Explanation:

The simple past tense feared is incorrect since two events occurred in the past at different times (i.e., the fear preceded the release of the report) and as a result, one must use the past perfect tense. feared should be replaced by had feared to show that the fear occurred before the release of the report.

A. the simple past tense is incorrectly used and should be replaced by the past perfect tense

B. the phrase the continuation of losses of shareholder value is too wordy and not concise

C. the past perfect tense is correctly used; the sentence is concise

D. the simple past tense is incorrectly used and should be replaced by the past perfect tense

E. the phrase a continuing loss of investors' is not concise and is redundant as the phrase investors' shareholder value repeats the same idea
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Re: A month ago, a well respected sell-side analyst released a report pred   [#permalink] 18 Nov 2019, 00:12