It is currently 19 Oct 2017, 22:41

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# A new government policy has been developed to avoid many

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 03 Sep 2012
Posts: 352

Kudos [?]: 227 [2], given: 35

Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Strategy
GMAT 1: 730 Q48 V42
GPA: 3.88
WE: Medicine and Health (Health Care)
A new government policy has been developed to avoid many [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Nov 2012, 07:43
2
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (01:45) correct 49% (01:46) wrong based on 294 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

A new government policy has been developed to avoid many serious cases of influenza. This goal will be accomplished by the annual vaccination of high-risk individuals: everyone 65 and older as well as anyone with a chronic disease that might cause them to experience complications from the influenza virus. Each year’s vaccination will protect only against the strain of the influenza virus deemed most likely to be prevalent that year, so every year it will be necessary for all high-risk individuals to receive a vaccine for a different strain of the virus.

Which one of the following is an assumption that would allow the conclusion above to be properly drawn?

(A) The number of individuals in the high-risk group for influenza will not significantly change from year to year.

(B) The likelihood that a serious influenza epidemic will occur varies from year to year.

(C) No vaccine for the influenza virus protects against more than one strain of that virus.

(D) Each year the strain of influenza virus deemed most likely to be prevalent will be one that had not previously been deemed most likely to be prevalent.

(E) Each year’s vaccine will have fewer side effects than the vaccine of the previous year since the technology for making vaccines will constantly improve.

Source: LSAT
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

"When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe, then you’ll be successful.” - Eric Thomas

Last edited by broall on 18 Sep 2017, 19:00, edited 1 time in total.

Kudos [?]: 227 [2], given: 35

Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Nov 2012
Posts: 334

Kudos [?]: 421 [4], given: 4

Schools: LBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 770 Q48 V48
Re: A new government policy has been developed to avoid many [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Nov 2012, 08:23
4
KUDOS
Hi Grace,

I think the Answer is likely to be D. Whilst both C and D are assumptions, answer C has already been mentioned in the question Each year’s vaccination will protect only against the strain of the influenza virus deemed most likely to be prevalent that year

Hope that helps.

Happy to run through the rest of the options if that helps.

Cheers,

James
_________________

Former GMAT Pill student, now on staff. Used GMATPILL OG 12 and nothing else: 770 (48,48) & 6.0

... and more

Kudos [?]: 421 [4], given: 4

Senior Manager
Joined: 03 Sep 2012
Posts: 352

Kudos [?]: 227 [2], given: 35

Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Strategy
GMAT 1: 730 Q48 V42
GPA: 3.88
WE: Medicine and Health (Health Care)
Re: A new government policy has been developed to avoid many [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Nov 2012, 09:12
2
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
The premise, goes on to describe the government policy and how the vaccine will be administered.

The conclusion is -

so every year it will be necessary for all high-risk individuals to receive a vaccine for a different strain of the virus.

Quote:
Which one of the following is an assumption that
would allow the conclusion above to be properly drawn?

The relationship can be represented as P (premise) + A(assumption) ---> Conclusion; Which means we are in search of an assumption which will ENABLE the conclusion to become logical, therefore the test maker concedes that their are some apparent HOLES in the argument. At this point we can try to paraphrase or move onto the answer choices..

Lets keep the Premise and conclusion in mind so that we can attack the answer choices:

(A)

The number of individuals in the high-risk
group for influenza will not significantly
change from year to year.

If we add this assumption to the premise provided, do we get a logical conclusion? Even if the no. of people in the group do not change or change it will have no bearing on whether those people would need or not need the vaccine next year. WE CAN SAFELY move on ..

(B)

Quote:
The likelihood that a serious influenza epidemic
will occur varies from year to year.

The likelihood of the virus occurring has nothing to do with the repeated inoculation of a different type of vaccine (strain).. Even if the incidence of influenca epidemic drops significantly we have no indication from either the passage or the answer choice which suggests that the government will roll back its decision to vaccinate people. The argument still remains in the same LOGICAL position as it existed in the original passage (we are to strengthen this logical position of the argument through the introduction of an assumption)

(C)

Quote:
No vaccine for the influenza virus protects
against more than one strain of that virus

A Basic requirement in any assumption question is that the assumption must be an ADDITIONAL PREMISE. This is a craftily worded paraphrase of an all ready mentioned premise : " Each year’s vaccination will protect only against the strain of the influenza virus" , Therefore this FAILS the test ( P + A ---> Conclusion)

(D)

Quote:
Each year the strain of influenza virus deemed
most likely to be prevalent will be one that had
not previously been deemed most likely to be
prevalent.

This is the correct answer. The assumption fills one major HOLE in the argument (something which some may be able to paraphrase before reviewing the answer choices). If someone made this argument to me (passage). I could rebut by saying " What if you have 2-3 consecutive years where every year a similar strain will be considered dangerous" " would your conclusion not be FALSE then?" If you wanted to WIN the argument, you can rebut by saying " Each year the strain of influenza virus deemed most likely to be prevalent will be one that had not previously been deemed most likely to be prevalent. "..And you will win the argument

This meets the P + A --> Conclusion test as it makes the overall argument more logical.

(E)

Quote:
Each year’s vaccine will have fewer side effects
than the vaccine of the previous year since the
technology for making vaccines will constantly
improve.

This answer choice is out of scope, as it goes on a different tangent altogether and is the easiest one to eliminate because of that !

Hope this helps

OA : D

This question becomes so much easier, if we take a bit of time to write down the premise and conclusion on our scratch pads before we begin searching for the correct assumption ( this way we can easily realize that C is a rewording of a pre existing premise so that we can avoiding falling into the trap)...
_________________

"When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe, then you’ll be successful.” - Eric Thomas

Kudos [?]: 227 [2], given: 35

Current Student
Joined: 29 Oct 2012
Posts: 38

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 12

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 710 Q42 V45
GPA: 3.67
WE: Project Management (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: A new government policy has been developed to avoid many [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Nov 2012, 07:50
I chose answer C - but to be honest, it was a tossup for me between C & D. Both seem correct to me.

The conclusion is that the high-risk group will need to be vaccinated every year.

Answer C seems like a necessary assumption - as if some vaccines protected against multiple strains of the virus, annual vaccination may not be necessary.

Likewise, answer D seems like a necessary assumption - as if the same strain broke out year after year, the high risk group would already have been vaccinated against it, mitigating the need for repeat vaccination.

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 12

Current Student
Joined: 29 Oct 2012
Posts: 38

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 12

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 710 Q42 V45
GPA: 3.67
WE: Project Management (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: A new government policy has been developed to avoid many [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Nov 2012, 09:00
plumber250 wrote:
Hi Grace,

I think the Answer is likely to be D. Whilst both C and D are assumptions, answer C has already been mentioned in the question Each year’s vaccination will protect only against the strain of the influenza virus deemed most likely to be prevalent that year

Hope that helps.

Happy to run through the rest of the options if that helps.

Cheers,

James

James -

Thanks! Your explanation was very helpful. I was missing that detail in the original paragraph that all vaccinations would only be protecting against a single strain. Should have gone back and read it again! Anyhow, many thanks for the help.

All the best -

Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 12

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10119

Kudos [?]: 261 [0], given: 0

Re: A new government policy has been developed to avoid many [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jun 2017, 01:29
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 261 [0], given: 0

Director
Joined: 12 Dec 2016
Posts: 892

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 859

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V33
GPA: 3.64
Re: A new government policy has been developed to avoid many [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Jul 2017, 02:36
D is better than C for 2 reasons.

First, C is too extreme because of "no vaccine"
Secondly, because of "vaccine for different strain", D is the winner

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 859

Intern
Joined: 30 Jun 2017
Posts: 6

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 27

Re: A new government policy has been developed to avoid many [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Aug 2017, 03:53

The conclusion says "different strain" -> this means a new strain becomes prevalant every new year. Option C was appealing but no where it was mentioned that vaccines are aimed at one single stain.

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 27

Manager
Status: love the club...
Joined: 24 Mar 2015
Posts: 173

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 413

A new government policy has been developed to avoid many [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Oct 2017, 01:54
vomhorizon wrote:
A new government policy has been developed to avoid many serious cases of influenza. This goal will be accomplished by the annual vaccination of high-risk individuals: everyone 65 and older as well as anyone with a chronic disease that might cause them to experience complications from the influenza virus. Each year’s vaccination will protect only against the strain of the influenza virus deemed most likely to be prevalent that year, so every year it will be necessary for all high-risk individuals to receive a vaccine for a different strain of the virus.

Which one of the following is an assumption that would allow the conclusion above to be properly drawn?

(A) The number of individuals in the high-risk group for influenza will not significantly change from year to year.

(B) The likelihood that a serious influenza epidemic will occur varies from year to year.

(C) No vaccine for the influenza virus protects against more than one strain of that virus.

(D) Each year the strain of influenza virus deemed most likely to be prevalent will be one that had not previously been deemed most likely to be prevalent.

(E) Each year’s vaccine will have fewer side effects than the vaccine of the previous year since the technology for making vaccines will constantly improve.

Source: LSAT

hi

I am feeling very good to get this CR right
let me explain to you how

For any argument to hod true, assumptions must hold true. Here in the question, choice "c" states something that does not have to be true for the conclusion to hold true. Yes, taking vaccine for different strain of virus every year does not mean that no vaccine can cure more than one strain of that virus

Now, say, virus "P" was prevalent in the year, 2016, so, for the conclusion to hold true it must be assumed that this "P" virus cannot be prevalent in the year 2017, or if the "P" virus is prevalent in the year 2017, it must be assumed that this "P" virus was not prevalent in the year 2016, so people have to take different vaccination each year ...

So answer choice "D" stands out
thanks

cheers through the kudos button, if this helps you

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 413

A new government policy has been developed to avoid many   [#permalink] 05 Oct 2017, 01:54
Display posts from previous: Sort by