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# A new kind of primate, the fat-tailed lemur, has been discovered in Ma

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A new kind of primate, the fat-tailed lemur, has been discovered in Ma  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2019, 04:15
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A new kind of primate, the fat-tailed lemur, has been discovered in Madagascar. These lemurs hibernate, sleeping in holes in trees for up to seven months out of the year. Winter
temperatures in Madagascar rarely drop below 86 degrees, so these lemurs do not hibernate to escape the cold but perhaps to conserve energy during the dry season, when food is scarce. This is the first time anyone has found an animal that hibernates during hot weather, disproving the common belief that only animals in cold climates hibernate.

Which one of the following most accurately describes the role played in the argument by the assertion that this is the first time anyone has found an animal that hibernates during hot weather?

(A) The statement challenges the long-held belief that primates never hibernate.

(B) The statement accuses scientists who have studied hibernation in the past of wrongfully assuming that hibernation only occurs in cold weather.

(C) The statement highlights the importance of this discovery because it disproves a long-held theory about hibernation.

(D) The statement calls into question the assumption that this behavior is true hibernation and suggests that it may be something else.

(E) The statement sets up a rival theory so that the primatologist can disprove it.

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A new kind of primate, the fat-tailed lemur, has been discovered in Ma  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2019, 05:46
A new kind of primate, the fat-tailed lemur, has been discovered in Madagascar. These lemurs hibernate, sleeping in holes in trees for up to seven months out of the year. Winter
temperatures in Madagascar rarely drop below 86 degrees, so these lemurs do not hibernate to escape the cold but perhaps to conserve energy during the dry season, when food is scarce. This is the first time anyone has found an animal that hibernates during hot weather, disproving the common belief that only animals in cold climates hibernate.

Which one of the following most accurately describes the role played in the argument by the assertion that this is the first time anyone has found an animal that hibernates during hot weather?

(A) The statement challenges the long-held belief that primates never hibernate. -- There is nowhere mentioned in the argument that primates never hibernate. This is too broad to assume. ELIMINATED

(B) The statement accuses scientists who have studied hibernation in the past of wrongfully assuming that hibernation only occurs in cold weather. -- There is no mention about the scientists who have studied hibernation in the argument. This out of scope choice. ELIMINATED

(C) The statement highlights the importance of this discovery because it disproves a long-held theory about hibernation. -- this choice correctly displays the role played the recent discovery. CORRECT

(D) The statement calls into question the assumption that this behavior is true hibernation and suggests that it may be something else. -- There is nowhere mentioned that this is true hibernation and another is false hibernation. There is no such distinction. ELIMINATED

(E) The statement sets up a rival theory so that the primatologist can disprove it. -- We are not sure whether this is used in future by any primatologist to disprove. ELIMINATED

OPTION: C
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Re: A new kind of primate, the fat-tailed lemur, has been discovered in Ma  [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2019, 04:27
Bunuel wrote:
A new kind of primate, the fat-tailed lemur, has been discovered in Madagascar. These lemurs hibernate, sleeping in holes in trees for up to seven months out of the year. Winter
temperatures in Madagascar rarely drop below 86 degrees, so these lemurs do not hibernate to escape the cold but perhaps to conserve energy during the dry season, when food is scarce. This is the first time anyone has found an animal that hibernates during hot weather, disproving the common belief that only animals in cold climates hibernate.

Which one of the following most accurately describes the role played in the argument by the assertion that this is the first time anyone has found an animal that hibernates during hot weather?

(A) The statement challenges the long-held belief that primates never hibernate.

(B) The statement accuses scientists who have studied hibernation in the past of wrongfully assuming that hibernation only occurs in cold weather.

(C) The statement highlights the importance of this discovery because it disproves a long-held theory about hibernation.

(D) The statement calls into question the assumption that this behavior is true hibernation and suggests that it may be something else.

(E) The statement sets up a rival theory so that the primatologist can disprove it.

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

C. The statement highlights the importance of this discovery because it disproves a longheld theory about hibernation.

This discovery of an animal that hibernates in hot weather may be groundbreaking, especially if previous scientific wisdom held that hibernation only happens in cold weather. Choice (A) is wrong because the belief being challenged isn’t that primates never hibernate but that animals never hibernate in the heat. Choice (B) isn’t right because the assertion isn’t an accusation of any kind. Choice (C) makes the most sense because it’s an important discovery. Choice (D) is wrong. The argument never disputes the conclusion that the behavior is in fact hibernation. Choice (E) doesn’t work because the argument doesn’t set up a rival theory in a deliberate ploy to attack it. Choice (C) is right.
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Re: A new kind of primate, the fat-tailed lemur, has been discovered in Ma   [#permalink] 27 Feb 2019, 04:27
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