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# A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f

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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 16:11
A it is.

i narrowed it down to A and D.But D is undermined from the argument("less yield" so less profit.)
The question is tellilng us to find an alternative OTHER than yield.(fertilizers,pesticides etc)

hope it helps
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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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23 May 2014, 22:30
Yup, D cannot be the answer. Its because we can find that the final output from the action would not be the double amount.
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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2014, 08:27
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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2014, 14:51
Swagatalakshmi wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument?

A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only fifteen inches apart, instead of the usual thirty inches. Cornplanted this closely will produce lower yields per plant. Nevertheless, the new machine will allow corn growers to double their profits per acre because .

A. with the closer spacing of the rows, the growing corn plants will quickly form a dense canopy of leaves, which will, by shading the ground, minimize the need for costly weed control and irrigation

B. with the closer spacing of the rows, corn plants will be forced to grow taller because of increased competition for sunlight from neighboring corn plants

C. with the larger number of plants growing per acre, more fertilizer will be required

D. with the spacing between rows cut by half, the number of plants grown per acre will almost double

E. with the closer spacing of the rows, the acreage on which corn is planted will be utilized much more intensively than it was before, requiring more frequent fallow years in which corn fields are left unplanted

D is wrong because it does not take the argument into account and the formula Sales - Costs = Profit...

The argument is "the new machine will allow corn growers to double their profits per acre".

In general, arguments that discuss profits need to be addressed with the formula of Sales - Costs = Profits. Answer choice A attacks the "cost" part of the formula. If the farmer lowers the costs, profits will rise!

All answer choice D really says is that the number of plants will double. You can not assume that sales will double with costs only rising marginally to create double the amount of profits. This might not be the best advice but you can assume D from the statement - if the spacing is cut in half, the number of plants must double.

Hope this helps...
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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2015, 22:17
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Which of the following most logically completes the argument?
A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only fifteen inches apart, instead of the usual thirty inches. Corn planted this closely will produce lower yields per plant. Nevertheless, the new machine will allow corn growers to double their profits per acre because __________.

A. with the closer spacing of the rows, the growing corn plants will quickly form a dense canopy of leaves, which will, by shading the ground, minimize the need for costly weed control and irrigation

B. with the closer spacing of the rows, corn plants will be forced to grow taller because of increased competition for sunlight from neighboring corn plants

C. with the larger number of plants growing per acre, more fertilizer will be required

D. with the spacing between rows cut by half, the number of plants grown per acre will almost double

E. with the closer spacing of the rows, the acreage on which corn is planted will be utilized much more intensively than it was before, requiring more frequent fallow years in which corn fields are left unplanted

A. Remember that you don't need to prove the conclusion of the argument -- you just need to pick the statement that adds force to it.
i.e., the exact mathematical content of "double" = x2 is not significant. in fact, the specific numbers in CR problems almost *never* matter; usually, the only thing that matters is relative comparisons -- for instance, quantity #1 is bigger than quantity #2, or quantity #1 is bigger than it was expected to be, etc.

in this passage, the only thing that matters is that the profits are higher than what could be explained by the plant yields. (i.e., there are twice as many plants per acre, but their yield will be depressed -- so the total output won't be twice as much per acre.)
the "2x" doesn't matter; what matters is that this figure is more than would be explained by plant yields alone. therefore, you have to find some other factor, not having to do with plant yield, that would increase profits.

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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2015, 10:13
IMO D.

This option is most closely inferred from the premise of the para.
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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2015, 00:48
1
KUDOS
the new machine will allow corn growers to double their profits per acre because...
Profit = Revenue - Expense.

A. with the closer spacing of the rows, the growing corn plants will quickly form a dense canopy of leaves, which will, by shading the ground, minimize the need for costly weed control and irrigation
>> Correct.

D. with the spacing between rows cut by half, the number of plants grown per acre will almost double
>>"Corn planted this closely will produce lower yields per plant. " reduces the effect of "the number of plants grown per acre will almost double".
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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2015, 01:32
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KUDOS
Here we go...

According to me Option A is correct.

Reasoning:
corn will be planted only fifteen inches apart instead of usual thirty inches -> This will lower yield, however the profit will double-----> How to fill this GAP (lower yield, higher profit)

option A fills the gap.
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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2015, 21:27
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+1 for Option A. Souvik- Please post OAs.

souvik101990 wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument?
A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only fifteen inches apart, instead of the usual thirty inches. Corn planted this closely will produce lower yields per plant. Nevertheless, the new machine will allow corn growers to double their profits per acre because __________.

A. with the closer spacing of the rows, the growing corn plants will quickly form a dense canopy of leaves, which will, by shading the ground, minimize the need for costly weed control and irrigation

B. with the closer spacing of the rows, corn plants will be forced to grow taller because of increased competition for sunlight from neighboring corn plants

C. with the larger number of plants growing per acre, more fertilizer will be required

D. with the spacing between rows cut by half, the number of plants grown per acre will almost double

E. with the closer spacing of the rows, the acreage on which corn is planted will be utilized much more intensively than it was before, requiring more frequent fallow years in which corn fields are left unplanted

OA - 24 hours

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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2015, 02:45
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P : New Harvesting Machine plants fifteen inches apart instead of thirty inches.
Corn planted this closely will produce lower yields per plant

C : the new machine will allow corn growers to double their profits per acre because

Provide an Answer option that Strengthens the Conclusion :

B,C,E Can easily be eliminated.

Between A,D: A doesnt really convince me to believe that the Profit will double.

Option D : The plantation is Doubled clearly provides strength to the Conclusion Drawn.

Ans : D
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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2015, 03:01
RaviChandra wrote:
P : New Harvesting Machine plants fifteen inches apart instead of thirty inches.
Corn planted this closely will produce lower yields per plant

C : the new machine will allow corn growers to double their profits per acre because

Provide an Answer option that Strengthens the Conclusion :

B,C,E Can easily be eliminated.

Between A,D: A does really convince me to believe that the Profit will double.

Option D : The plantation is Doubled clearly provides strength to the Conclusion Drawn.

Ans : D

Option D states : with the spacing between rows cut by half, the number of plants grown per acre will almost double

In the argument, it is mentioned:

Corn planted this closely will produce lower yields per plant.

According to me, it directly contradicts that is already stated in the argument; However, we need to find something that will justify the lower yield but high profit.

Correct me if I'm wrong.
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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2015, 04:03
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DesiGmat wrote:

Option D states : with the spacing between rows cut by half, the number of plants grown per acre will almost double

In the argument, it is mentioned:

Corn planted this closely will produce lower yields per plant.

According to me, it directly contradicts that is already stated in the argument; However, we need to find something that will justify the lower yield but high profit.

Correct me if I'm wrong.

yeah i guess your point is valid... and because of this D could be wrong
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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2015, 02:33
[quote="Swagatalakshmi"]Which of the following most logically completes the argument?

A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only fifteen inches apart, instead of the usual thirty inches. Cornplanted this closely will produce lower yields per plant. Nevertheless, the new machine will allow corn growers to double their profits per acre because .

A. with the closer spacing of the rows, the growing corn plants will quickly form a dense canopy of leaves, which will, by shading the ground, minimize the need for costly weed control and irrigation

B. with the closer spacing of the rows, corn plants will be forced to grow taller because of increased competition for sunlight from neighboring corn plants

C. with the larger number of plants growing per acre, more fertilizer will be required

D. with the spacing between rows cut by half, the number of plants grown per acre will almost double

E. with the closer spacing of the rows, the acreage on which corn is planted will be utilized much more intensively than it was before, requiring more frequent fallow years in which corn fields are left unplanted[/quote

IMO its A ..but yes VERY good question again....
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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2016, 11:17
Trap answer is D if you don't read carefully. This is what the testmakers want! to make sure you are not paying attention and then bam fall into the trap
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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2017, 19:50
mikemcgarry / GMATNinja can you please explain?

After going through the explanations above, I understood that option D is incorrect (this is what I had marked though). The reason is - Although the number of plants may almost double, the yield for all those plants will be low. If the reduction in yield = or more than increase in yield because of the number of plants doubling, we aren't sure.

However, A also makes an assumption. P = S - C. Question says yield is reduced (i.e., sales is reduced). Option A says C(cost) is reduced too.
Does this not imply that profit may remain same or increase or decrease depending on the value? How can we assume it will double the profits?
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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2017, 20:14
Chef wrote:
mikemcgarry / GMATNinja can you please explain?

After going through the explanations above, I understood that option D is incorrect (this is what I had marked though). The reason is - Although the number of plants may almost double, the yield for all those plants will be low. If the reduction in yield = or more than increase in yield because of the number of plants doubling, we aren't sure.

However, A also makes an assumption. P = S - C. Question says yield is reduced (i.e., sales is reduced). Option A says C(cost) is reduced too.
Does this not imply that profit may remain same or increase or decrease depending on the value? How can we assume it will double the profits?

Dear Chef,

I'm happy to respond.

My friend, you missed a crucial detail. It didn't say that total yield for the whole field is reduced. It said that
Corn planted this closely will produce lower yields per plant.
That's very different.

If yield per plant remained unchanged, then planting twice as many plants in the same field would double the yield. If the yield per plant decreases some moderate amount, then the full field would not give double the yield. We can assume that yield per plant goes down, say, by 10% o4 20%, but not by more than 50%. That would be a drastic reduction that would have to be noted in the text--essentially, the prompt would be lying by understatement, if the real drop in the yield were more than 50%. If the drop per plant is less than 50%, then the total yield of the field will increase, so S will increase.

If we then also decrease C, this is sure to increase profit.

Does this make sense?
Mike
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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2017, 21:26
mikemcgarry wrote:
Chef wrote:
mikemcgarry / GMATNinja can you please explain?

After going through the explanations above, I understood that option D is incorrect (this is what I had marked though). The reason is - Although the number of plants may almost double, the yield for all those plants will be low. If the reduction in yield = or more than increase in yield because of the number of plants doubling, we aren't sure.

However, A also makes an assumption. P = S - C. Question says yield is reduced (i.e., sales is reduced). Option A says C(cost) is reduced too.
Does this not imply that profit may remain same or increase or decrease depending on the value? How can we assume it will double the profits?

Dear Chef,

I'm happy to respond.

My friend, you missed a crucial detail. It didn't say that total yield for the whole field is reduced. It said that
Corn planted this closely will produce lower yields per plant.
That's very different.

If yield per plant remained unchanged, then planting twice as many plants in the same field would double the yield. If the yield per plant decreases some moderate amount, then the full field would not give double the yield. We can assume that yield per plant goes down, say, by 10% o4 20%, but not by more than 50%. That would be a drastic reduction that would have to be noted in the text--essentially, the prompt would be lying by understatement, if the real drop in the yield were more than 50%. If the drop per plant is less than 50%, then the total yield of the field will increase, so S will increase.

If we then also decrease C, this is sure to increase profit.

Does this make sense?
Mike

Thanks Mike.

But how did you assume that the reduction is not more than 50%? Question just says reduced yield per plant.

"essentially, the prompt would be lying by understatement, if the real drop in the yield were more than 50%." Is this an assumption?
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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2017, 01:31
We have to show that the plan will increase the profitability of the farmers .
B is just irrelevant.
C weaken as it will decrease the profitability because bid increased cost of the fertilizers.
D this one is tricky as it tells that the numbers of plants will increase but we do know whether this will offset the low yeild and cost of additional seeds.
E out of scope .
Only A can increase profitability.

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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2017, 14:36
Chef wrote:
Thanks Mike.

But how did you assume that the reduction is not more than 50%? Question just says reduced yield per plant.

"essentially, the prompt would be lying by understatement, if the real drop in the yield were more than 50%." Is this an assumption?

Dear Chef,

I'm happy to respond.

My friend, you are using fundamentalist logic. You are reading this GMAT CR practice question with a fundamentalist hyper-literalist reading. The GMAT will punish you over and over if you stick to this reading strategy.

Yes, we have to be careful in reading exactly what the language says, but we have to take into account the sense of the language, how people actually communicate. Everything spoken has implications, and we have to be sensitive to these implications, not simply what is printed in black & white.

Consider the following statement:
"People in the USA are trying overthrow and bring down the entire system of government."
In a fundamentalist reading, this would be true, because there are a very small number of wacky people who have these anarchical designs. In the super literal reading, this sentence is correct. The problem is, this phrase makes it sound as if a large chunk of the population is engaged in these destabilizing efforts, and those implications are 100% false. If you presented this statement to any native English speaker in America and ask them whether it was true or false, almost everyone would say it is false. Here's the statement that native speakers would recognize as true and accurate.
Some very small proportion of people in the USA are trying overthrow and bring down the entire system of government.
The way language is used in everyday life does NOT follow the norms of a fundamentalist reading.

In context, the argument is creating the expectation that, even though we would have double the plants, we would not have quite double the yield, because "corn planted this closely will produce lower yields per plant." Saying this factually like this implies a decrease of maybe up to 20-30%. If a company said, "When you make this change, you will have lower yields," and then the yields went down by 75%, you would have the basis of a possible lawsuit. In other words, the phrasing we are given would sound like a lie if the drop were substantial. To be an honest claim, such a drop would have to be specified:
Corn planted this closely will produce a substantial decrease in yields per plant.
That would be a very different statement, which we would expect would involve a much larger drop.

My friend, you strike me as a person with a brilliant logical mathematical mind who has very little experience reading every day English, in newspapers and new journals. You will not understand what you are missing until you develop the intuition from a habit of reading. See:
How to Improve Your GMAT Verbal Score

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2017, 22:14
Swagatalakshmi wrote:
Which of the following most logically completes the argument?

A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only fifteen inches apart, instead of the usual thirty inches. Corn planted this closely will produce lower yields per plant. Nevertheless, the new machine will allow corn growers to double their profits per acre because __________________________ .

A. with the closer spacing of the rows, the growing corn plants will quickly form a dense canopy of leaves, which will, by shading the ground, minimize the need for costly weed control and irrigation

B. with the closer spacing of the rows, corn plants will be forced to grow taller because of increased competition for sunlight from neighboring corn plants

C. with the larger number of plants growing per acre, more fertilizer will be required

D. with the spacing between rows cut by half, the number of plants grown per acre will almost double

E. with the closer spacing of the rows, the acreage on which corn is planted will be utilized much more intensively than it was before, requiring more frequent fallow years in which corn fields are left unplanted

look at D, a close answer.
on CR, we alway have a close answer, other three choices easy to eliminate. we need more time to consider close answer. at first close answer is good , but after considering it, it is not correct.

the key to success on CR is ability to realize a close answer. when we are stuck between two choice, we are good at CR already.
Re: A new machine for harvesting corn will allow rows to be planted only f   [#permalink] 08 Sep 2017, 22:14

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