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A new medication for migraine seems effective, but there is

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VP
Joined: 26 Apr 2004
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Location: Taiwan
A new medication for migraine seems effective, but there is [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2005, 00:44
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A new medication for migraine seems effective, but there is concern that the medication might exacerbate heart disease. If patients with heart disease take the medication under careful medical supervision, however, harmful side effects can definitely be averted. The concern about those side effects is thus unfounded.

The argument depends on which one of the following assumptions?

(A) The new medication actually is effective when taken by patients with heart disease.

(B) No migraine sufferers with heart disease will take the new medication except under careful medical supervision.

(C) Most migraine sufferers who have taken the new medication in trials also had heart disease.

(D) The new medication has various other side effects, but none as serious as that of exacerbating heart disease.

(E) The new medication will displace all migraine medications currently being used.

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GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 07 Jul 2004
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Kudos [?]: 457 [0], given: 0

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14 Mar 2005, 08:09
Premises (In logical chronological order)
1) New medication for migraine seems effectvie <-- not effective, but seems to be
2) Concern about new medication is it might exacerbate heart disease <-- use of 'might' (maybe)
3) Concer about side effects is unfounded
4) If patients with heart disease take medication under medical supervision ---> then side effects can be averted (conclusion)

If A then B, If Non B, then non A

We want an assumption to hold up the conclusion.

The argument depends on which one of the following assumptions?

(A) The new medication actually is effective when taken by patients with heart disease.
- Doesn't help. In fact refutes the premise given in the passage. A is out.

(B) No migraine sufferers with heart disease will take the new medication except under careful medical supervision.
- Non A doesn't mean Non B. So this is out.

(C) Most migraine sufferers who have taken the new medication in trials also had heart disease.
- This most supports the conclusion that taking the medication under supervision (trials) can avert the side effects

(D) The new medication has various other side effects, but none as serious as that of exacerbating heart disease.
- Doesn't help

(E) The new medication will displace all migraine medications currently being used.
- Still doesn't tell us how medical supervision can avert side effects

C it is

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SVP
Joined: 03 Jan 2005
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14 Mar 2005, 08:25
The link is from the fact that side effect can be eliminated if under close supervision to the conclusion that all side effects do not need to be worried.

The assumption that is needed to arrive that conclusion is that everybody that might suffer from the side effect would be under close supervision.

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VP
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14 Mar 2005, 08:28
B) negate it and the conclusion cannot be properly drawn

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14 Mar 2005, 08:37
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christoph wrote:
B) negate it and the conclusion cannot be properly drawn

B should be the answer. I did not read the choice clearly enough to see the word 'except' which holds the conclusion up very strongly.

In (B), No migraine sufferers with heart disease will take the new medication except under careful medical supervision.

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VP
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14 Mar 2005, 22:54
Yes

OA is B.

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Director
Joined: 21 Dec 2010
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07 May 2011, 11:42
hence another sub-500 level question which 99/100 people can answer correctly. took me 1:06 min to reach the conclusion.
_________________

What is of supreme importance in war is to attack the enemy's strategy.

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VP
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19 May 2011, 03:16
B in a jiffy.
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Visit -- http://www.sustainable-sphere.com/
Promote Green Business,Sustainable Living and Green Earth !!

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Manager
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08 Jun 2011, 04:44
1
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IMO B

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Manager
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04 Nov 2011, 22:43
1
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B

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Manager
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Re: A new medication for migraine seems effective, but there is [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2011, 22:16
I chose C first. But my final answer is B

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Re: A new medication for migraine seems effective, but there is [#permalink]

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10 Nov 2011, 02:45
I first chose C as well but now clear why it is B.

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Senior Manager
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Re: A new medication for migraine seems effective, but there is [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2011, 21:04
1
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Clear B. It fills up the logic gap between the premise and the conclusion.
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Manager
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Re: A new medication for migraine seems effective, but there is [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2011, 03:08
1
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B )
simple and as stated all the other option are self eliminated

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Intern
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Re: A new medication for migraine seems effective, but there is [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2016, 12:22

PREMISE 1: new medication for migraine effective but might exacerbate or worsen heart disease
PREMISE 2 : medication taken by heart patient under medical supervision can avert harmful side effect.

CONCLUSION: concern about side effect is unfounded.
Assumption heart patient will take new migraine medication under medical supervision

Thus Answer: (B) No migraine sufferers with heart disease will take the new medication except under careful medical supervision.

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Manager
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Re: A new medication for migraine seems effective, but there is [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2016, 01:34
Conclusion: If new medication is taken under supervision, it is not a concern anymore

B) No migraine sufferers with heart disease will take the new medication except under careful medical supervision.
This states that if every sufferer with heart disesse take under medical supervision, no concern will be there.

I go with B

Kudos [?]: 22 [0], given: 129

Re: A new medication for migraine seems effective, but there is   [#permalink] 10 Aug 2016, 01:34
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