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# A new study published by the Journal of the American Medical

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23 Apr 2012, 20:27
1
7
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

67% (00:51) correct 33% (01:06) wrong based on 481 sessions

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A new study published by the Journal of the American Medical Association has found that women who exercise regularly and maintained a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during physical exertion that is moderate to vigorous in nature.
(A) maintained a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during physical exertion that is moderate to vigorous in nature
(B) maintain a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during moderate to vigorous physical exertion
(C) maintain a healthy diet will be at low risk of sudden cardiac death during moderate to vigorous physical exertion
(D) maintained a healthy diet were at low risk of sudden cardiac death during moderate to vigorous physical exertion
(E) maintain a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during physical exertion that is moderate to vigorous in nature

an easy one!! OA will follow.

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23 Apr 2012, 23:05
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A new study published by the Journal of the American Medical Association has found that women who exercise regularly and maintained a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during physical exertion that is moderate to vigorous in nature.

(A) maintained a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during physical exertion that is moderate to vigorous in nature. Present Tense required to be parallel. the last part is wordy.
(B) maintain a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during moderate to vigorous physical exertion. Correct
(C) maintain a healthy diet will be at low risk of sudden cardiac death during moderate to vigorous physical exertion. Future tense.
(D) maintained a healthy diet were at low risk of sudden cardiac death during moderate to vigorous physical exertion. Past tense
(E) maintain a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during physical exertion that is moderate to vigorous in nature. Compare to B E is wordy.
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24 Apr 2012, 15:35
got E. can anyone explain why its wrong except that its wordy?!!

seem to get a lot of "wordy" qns wrong!!
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24 Apr 2012, 16:08
cant find anything wrong with it, other than it is wordy!!
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01 Mar 2017, 09:40
Is there grammatically anything wrong next to the fact that this answer choice is inferior to B ?
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01 Mar 2017, 12:21
harshap wrote:
A new study published by the Journal of the American Medical Association has found that women who exercise regularly and maintained a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during physical exertion that is moderate to vigorous in nature.

(A) maintained a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during physical exertion that is moderate to vigorous in nature
(B) maintain a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during moderate to vigorous physical exertion
(C) maintain a healthy diet will be at low risk of sudden cardiac death during moderate to vigorous physical exertion
(D) maintained a healthy diet were at low risk of sudden cardiac death during moderate to vigorous physical exertion
(E) maintain a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during physical exertion that is moderate to vigorous in nature

Correct answer must be (B) for the highlighted errors in the other options...
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01 Mar 2017, 13:47
who exercise regularly and maintain

should we normally have to add who exercise regularly and who maintain to keep the parallelism ?
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04 Mar 2017, 03:48
1
LHC8717 wrote:
who exercise regularly and maintain

should we normally have to add who exercise regularly and who maintain to keep the parallelism ?

Both are alright: In the first, two verbs ( exercise and maintain) are parallel - "who" is OUTSIDE the parallel structure. In the latter, two relative clauses (who exercise.. and who maintain...) are parallel - "who" is INSIDE the parallel structure.
(Remember the once out twice in rule for parallelism.)
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04 Mar 2017, 10:32
ts2014 wrote:
got E. can anyone explain why its wrong except that its wordy?!!

seem to get a lot of "wordy" qns wrong!!

"sudden cardiac death during physical exertion that is moderate to vigorous in nature"

Along with being wordy, I also felt 'that' to be an ambiguous reference which can either refer to the cardiac death or to the physical exertion. Please correct me if I am wrong.
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09 Mar 2017, 08:12
netratav wrote:
ts2014 wrote:
got E. can anyone explain why its wrong except that its wordy?!!

seem to get a lot of "wordy" qns wrong!!

"sudden cardiac death during physical exertion that is moderate to vigorous in nature"

Along with being wordy, I also felt 'that' to be an ambiguous reference which can either refer to the cardiac death or to the physical exertion. Please correct me if I am wrong.

Hi,
here 'that' correctly refers to physical exertion as 'that' follows the touch rule to refer the noun. However, the touch rule can be ignored in case the middle phrase between noun and 'that' can not be placed away from the noun it is modifying.
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21 Sep 2017, 12:37
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harshap wrote:
cant find anything wrong with it, other than it is wordy!!

yes it is wordy. Hence B is better.
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09 Jan 2018, 02:07
ts2014 wrote:
got E. can anyone explain why its wrong except that its wordy?!!

seem to get a lot of "wordy" qns wrong!!

I also felt prompted for E, than B , but problem with E could be - 'that' in choice E may refer to "cardiac arrest" instead of "physical exertion". General rule so called 'wordy' choices never qualify for a suitable answer.
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13 May 2018, 06:57
Abhishek009 wrote:
harshap wrote:
A new study published by the Journal of the American Medical Association has found that women who exercise regularly and maintained a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during physical exertion that is moderate to vigorous in nature.

(A) maintained a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during physical exertion that is moderate to vigorous in nature
(B) maintain a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during moderate to vigorous physical exertion
(C) maintain a healthy diet will be at low risk of sudden cardiac death during moderate to vigorous physical exertion
(D) maintained a healthy diet were at low risk of sudden cardiac death during moderate to vigorous physical exertion
(E) maintain a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during physical exertion that is moderate to vigorous in nature

Correct answer must be (B) for the highlighted errors in the other options...

Abhishek009

Could you please point out why the highlighted portion in E is wrong??
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13 May 2018, 09:46
LHC8717 wrote:
who exercise regularly and maintain

should we normally have to add who exercise regularly and who maintain to keep the parallelism ?

Generally, in case of relative clauses, 'twice in' is preferred over 'once out' rule for parallelism to avoid any ambiguity but in this particular case it is perfectly clear that 'who exercise regularly and maintain' modifies the noun 'women', so both 'once out' and 'twice in' rule will be grammatically correct.

Correct me if I'm wrong.
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13 May 2018, 10:40
harshap wrote:
A new study published by the Journal of the American Medical Association has found that women who exercise regularly and maintained a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during physical exertion that is moderate to vigorous in nature.

(A) maintained a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during physical exertion that is moderate to vigorous in nature

(B) maintain a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during moderate to vigorous physical exertion

(C) maintain a healthy diet will be at low risk of sudden cardiac death during moderate to vigorous physical exertion

(D) maintained a healthy diet were at low risk of sudden cardiac death during moderate to vigorous physical exertion

(E) maintain a healthy diet are at low risk of sudden cardiac death during physical exertion that is moderate to vigorous in nature

We need "maintain" & "exercise" in parallel. A & D are out.

C is using "will". Unnecessary change of tense. Out.

E. Unnecessarily added a "that" clause at the end. IMO "that clause is also ambiguous a bit.

It seems to convey the meaning, "physical exertion" that is moderate to "vigorous".......

B clears the air quite easily by comparing Adjectival phrases "moderate physical exertion" & vigorous physical exertion".

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Re: A new study published by the Journal of the American Medical   [#permalink] 13 May 2018, 10:40
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