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# A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may

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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2012, 14:04
I took B because the other choices contained flaws.

However, I have a gerneral question about the use of "it". I thought that "it" could possibly refer to study instead of pace. Is this ruled out by "that", which introduces a realtive clause? I know it is not asked in the question but in other SC problems there are a lot of unclear referent issues...
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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2012, 16:59
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fiendex wrote:
I took B because the other choices contained flaws.

However, I have a gerneral question about the use of "it". I thought that "it" could possibly refer to study instead of pace. Is this ruled out by "that", which introduces a realtive clause? I know it is not asked in the question but in other SC problems there are a lot of unclear referent issues...

You can accept certain ambiguity in pronouns. They should be your last split when you eliminate the choices, except if there is a non-sense pronoun.

Also, notice that "it" is parallel with "conversacional pace". Both are subjects in their clauses.
When that happens, there is less ambiguity. But the sentences must be parallel.

+1 B
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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2012, 04:16
sudeep wrote:
What's wrong with B?

B makes sense as the intention is to say that ability is hampered and not completely gone.
Quote:
A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may be so brisk it
hampers the ability of some children for distinguishing discrete sounds and words and,
the result is, to make
sense of speech.
A. it hampers the ability of some children for distinguishing discrete sounds and
words and, the result is, to make
B. that it hampers the ability of some children to distinguish discrete sounds and
words and, as a result, to make
C. that it hampers the ability of some children to distinguish discrete sounds and
words and, the result of this, they are unable to make
D. that it hampers the ability of some children to distinguish discrete sounds and
words, and results in not making
E. as to hamper the ability of some children for distinguishing discrete sounds and

A,E are gone for idiom: ability to

D has the problem:
the conversational pace of everyday life hampers the ability of children to .. and results in not making sense of speech (of whom children are not implicit in here)
Also the intention is to say hampering the ability not loosing it.

C says they are unable => extreme and changes the meaning

hampering the ability doesn't imply that the person doesn't have the ability.
If original question intend to say that they are unable, then C would be the correct choice.

-------------
Please underline the SC question segment

Why is it wrong to say: conversational pace "hampers" X and "results" in Y

Do you mean that the pace itself doesn't result in Y but it only hampers X? Is that why D is wrong?
Does the sentence actually should mean: the pace hampers the ability to X and, as a result, to Y?

Another question:
Should it not be: "the pace hampers the ability to X, and to Y" instead of "the pace hampers the ability to X and, to Y" (as in option B)

I somehow mess everytime in sentences carrying "as a result/results/resulting in". I seem to agree with the explanation after selecting the wrong choice though. Do you have a tip or two to share here?

Thanks a lot.

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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2012, 08:57
D says: ...conversational pace...results in not making sense of speech.

The correct answer says: ...conversational pace...hampers the ability of some children...to make sense of speech.
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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2013, 05:58
OA is B, because it maintains the ||-ism
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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2014, 01:33
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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2014, 12:11
Can someone please explain why, in option C, "the result of this" is incorrect?

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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2014, 23:57
russ9 wrote:
Can someone please explain why, in option C, "the result of this" is incorrect?

You can directly eliminate option C because Suggests is Singular verb (base form of verb(v1) +s is always singular).
So we need singular noun/pronoun to refer to it .
They is incorrectly used in option C.

Hope this helps .

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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2014, 06:46
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dheeraj24 wrote:
russ9 wrote:
Can someone please explain why, in option C, "the result of this" is incorrect?

You can directly eliminate option C because Suggests is Singular verb (base form of verb(v1) +s is always singular).
So we need singular noun/pronoun to refer to it .
They is incorrectly used in option C.

Hope this helps .

I don't think that's correct? Doesn't "they" refer to "children"?

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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2014, 08:57
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russ9 wrote:
dheeraj24 wrote:
russ9 wrote:
Can someone please explain why, in option C, "the result of this" is incorrect?

You can directly eliminate option C because Suggests is Singular verb (base form of verb(v1) +s is always singular).
So we need singular noun/pronoun to refer to it .
They is incorrectly used in option C.

Hope this helps .

I don't think that's correct? Doesn't "they" refer to "children"?

Sorry editing the post.

They indeed refers to children. The point is Parallelism here.
In option B , "it" refers to Conversational pace .
Here conversational pace is doing two things
a) hampers ability ...... to distinguish discrete sounds and words b) hampers to make sense of speech.
Here "to distinguish" and "to make" are parallel. Hence B correct .

Let's walk in through other answer choices to know why they are wrong

A. it hampers the ability of some children for distinguishing discrete sounds and words and, the result is, to make.
For distinguishing is wrong.

C. that it hampers the ability of some children to distinguish discrete sounds and words and, the result of this, they are unable to make
Here author does not intend to say that children are unable to distinguish between sounds and words. Here author says that conversational pace hampers the ability to distinguish . Hence "they are unable to make" is not parallel to "to distinguish".
To be more precise , we know that "and" is a parallel marker .The sentence before "and" says that "conversational pace hampers ability ....to distinguish X and Y" . The sentence after "and" says they(children) are unable to make .... So these two sentences are not parallel.

D. that it hampers the ability of some children to distinguish discrete sounds and words, and results in not making.

If results is a verb then it's subject is Conversational pace. But it should have a different Subject .(comma +and ) joins two IC's. But the sentence after "and" is not a Independent clause . Hence Wrong .
E. as to hamper the ability of some children for distinguishing discrete sounds and words, resulting in being unable to make .
The word "that" is needed after brisk . --- Not Parallel.

Hope this helps

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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2014, 08:40
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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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13 Feb 2015, 22:18
Is "so...as to" the right idiom in choic E?

thanks

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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2015, 04:17
B is the best answer because of parallelism
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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2016, 05:40
I got the answer correct , but one quick query ....
Isn't "..., as a result,..."mentioned in choice B , hampering the parallelism?

I'm i correct in understanding that since "..., as a result,..." is mentioned within commas it is not impacting the parallelism.

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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2016, 05:59
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gmatlbs wrote:
I got the answer correct , but one quick query ....
Isn't "..., as a result,..."mentioned in choice B , hampering the parallelism?

I'm i correct in understanding that since "..., as a result,..." is mentioned within commas it is not impacting the parallelism.

as a result is a modifier phrase, encapsulated in a pair of commas so yes it does not impact the parallelism,
it enhances the meaning of the second infinitive "to make" , establishing the cause - effect relationship between the two elements presented in parallel construction.
in fact, without "as a result" , these elements cannot be entirely parallel because they're not independent consequences that can be purely separated by "and" .

HTH
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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2016, 11:19
rohitgoel15 wrote:
A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may be so brisk it hampers the ability of some children for distinguishing discrete sounds and words and, the result is, to make sense of speech.

A. it hampers the ability of some children for distinguishing discrete sounds and words and, the result is, to make
B. that it hampers the ability of some children to distinguish discrete sounds and words and, as a result, to make
C. that it hampers the ability of some children to distinguish discrete sounds and words and, the result of this, they are unable to make
D. that it hampers the ability of some children to distinguish discrete sounds and words, and results in not making
E. as to hamper the ability of some children for distinguishing discrete sounds and words, resulting in being unable to make
[Reveal] Spoiler:
I always get these kind of questions wrong. I always end up making wrong things parallel..
In this case i did hampers with results ...

Can anyone please suggest how to improve on this one particular topic? How to find what parallels what?

can some expert explain whether so.......as to idiom usage fits here?
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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2016, 12:10
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
rohitgoel15 wrote:
A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may be so brisk it hampers the ability of some children for distinguishing discrete sounds and words and, the result is, to make sense of speech.

A. it hampers the ability of some children for distinguishing discrete sounds and words and, the result is, to make
B. that it hampers the ability of some children to distinguish discrete sounds and words and, as a result, to make
C. that it hampers the ability of some children to distinguish discrete sounds and words and, the result of this, they are unable to make
D. that it hampers the ability of some children to distinguish discrete sounds and words, and results in not making
E. as to hamper the ability of some children for distinguishing discrete sounds and words, resulting in being unable to make
[Reveal] Spoiler:
I always get these kind of questions wrong. I always end up making wrong things parallel..
In this case i did hampers with results ...

Can anyone please suggest how to improve on this one particular topic? How to find what parallels what?

can some expert explain whether so.......as to idiom usage fits here?

Yes, so... as.. (as used in option E) is valid. Option E is wrong because of another idiomatic error - "ability for..." is wrong.

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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2016, 17:55
sayantanc2k wrote:
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
rohitgoel15 wrote:
A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may be so brisk it hampers the ability of some children for distinguishing discrete sounds and words and, the result is, to make sense of speech.

A. it hampers the ability of some children for distinguishing discrete sounds and words and, the result is, to make
B. that it hampers the ability of some children to distinguish discrete sounds and words and, as a result, to make
C. that it hampers the ability of some children to distinguish discrete sounds and words and, the result of this, they are unable to make
D. that it hampers the ability of some children to distinguish discrete sounds and words, and results in not making
E. as to hamper the ability of some children for distinguishing discrete sounds and words, resulting in being unable to make

can some expert explain whether so.......as to idiom usage fits here?

Yes, so... as.. (as used in option E) is valid. Option E is wrong because of another idiomatic error - "ability for..." is wrong.

sayantanc2k

so.........as according to me means it is so brisk that it results in hampering the ability.
Whereas so that sounds a bit intentional. Then is so that ok here.
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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2016, 05:19
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Expert's post
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
can some expert explain whether so.......as to idiom usage fits here?

Yes, so... as.. (as used in option E) is valid. Option E is wrong because of another idiomatic error - "ability for..." is wrong.

sayantanc2k

so.........as according to me means it is so brisk that it results in hampering the ability.
Whereas so that sounds a bit intentional. Then is so that ok here.

The usage so..that need not be intentional.

I was so tired that I could not keep my eyes open. (becoming tired is not intentional.)
The place is so beautiful that I felt like living there forever. (being beautiful is not intentional.)

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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2016, 12:59
SPLIT1) "MAY BE SO BRISK THAT" => "SO THAT" => CORRECT IDIOM => IS THE CORRECT IDIOM. A AND E ARE OUT.

SPLIT2) "ABILITY TO" IS ALSO THE CORRECT IDIOM. IN THIS CASE THERE IS A CAVEAT LOOK AT THE ANSWERS YOU WILL FIND "ABILITY OF(PREPOSITION)…..FOR" AND "ABILITY OF(PREPOSITION)…TO" SO YOU NEED TO BLOCK THE NOISE OF THE PREPOSITION "OF SOME CHILDREN" AND FOCUS ON "ABILITY TO". A AND E ARE OUT.

SPLIT3) "TO DISTINGUISH" AND "TO MAKE" MUST BE PARALLEL. C AND D ARE OUT.

SPLIT4) "SO AS TO" IS RED FLAG BECAUSE MOST OF THE TIME GMAT DOES NOT LIKE IT. I KNOW THAT I SHOULD NOT GET RID OF E ON THIS BASIS ALONE BUT AT LEAST I KNOW THAT E HAS A BIG QUESTION MARK. A AND E ARE OUT.

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Re: A new study suggests that the conversational pace of everyday life may   [#permalink] 10 Oct 2016, 12:59

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