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# A newly discovered disease is thought to be caused by a

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A newly discovered disease is thought to be caused by a [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2010, 15:50
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A newly discovered disease is thought to be caused by a certain bacterium. However, recently released data notes that the bacterium thrives(prosper) in the presence of a certain virus, implying that it is actually the virus that causes the new disease.
Which of the following pieces of evidence would most support the data’s implication?
(A) In the absence of the virus, the disease has been observed to follow infection by the bacterium.
(B) The virus has been shown to aid the growth of bacterium, a process which often leads to the onset of the disease.
(C) The virus alone has been observed in many cases of the disease.
(D) In cases where the disease does not develop, infection by the bacterium is usually preceded by infection by the virus.
(E) Onset of the disease usually follows infection by both the virus and the bacterium.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: CR strengthen question [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2010, 19:59
IMO it is B.
Premise: A newly discovered disease is thought to be caused by a certain bacterium
Premise: However, recently released data notes that the bacterium thrives(prosper) in the presence of a certain virus
Conclusion: implying that it is actually the virus that causes the new disease
We need to find the supportive evidence.

(A) In the absence of the virus, the disease has been observed to follow infection by the bacterium.
>> This is not supporting statement. It talks about after disease scenario.
(B) The virus has been shown to aid the growth of bacterium, a process which often leads to the onset of the disease.
>> Yes. This supports the conclusion.
(C) The virus alone has been observed in many cases of the disease.
>> This is conflicting. If this is correct then the first premise will go wrong.
(D) In cases where the disease does not develop, infection by the bacterium is usually preceded by infection by the virus.
>> This shows infection by bacteruim is preceded by infection by virus, but specifies in cases where disease does not develop. We should be looking for the disease cases.
(E) Onset of the disease usually follows infection by both the virus and the bacterium.
>> Talking about aftermath of disease. Not useful.
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Re: CR strengthen question [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2010, 05:27
I chose C since the conclusion says that the actual cause of the disease is virus.
Intern
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Re: CR strengthen question [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2010, 12:01
poohv005 wrote:
A newly discovered disease is thought to be caused by a certain bacterium. However, recently released data notes that the bacterium thrives(prosper) in the presence of a certain virus, implying that it is actually the virus that causes the new disease.
Which of the following pieces of evidence would most support the data’s implication?
(A) In the absence of the virus, the disease has been observed to follow infection by the bacterium.
(B) The virus has been shown to aid the growth of bacterium, a process which often leads to the onset of the disease.
(C) The virus alone has been observed in many cases of the disease.
(D) In cases where the disease does not develop, infection by the bacterium is usually preceded by infection by the virus.
(E) Onset of the disease usually follows infection by both the virus and the bacterium.

IMO B is undermining the argument. If C is correct it strengthen's the argument that in majority of cases bacterium may not have any role to play in the disease. OA?
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Re: CR strengthen question [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2010, 20:10
C; We need to establish virus as the cause of the disease; there are two conflicting premises - and we are supposed to strengthen one (the data premise) over the other.
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Re: CR strengthen question [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2010, 04:03
C is my take. We need to support Virus. Virus alone causes the disease along with promoting the bacteria.
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Re: CR strengthen question [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2010, 01:35
I think it's C, we need show that the only cause of the disease is the Virus not both
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Re: CR strengthen question [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2010, 23:42
My take is C

To strengthen the argument we have to show that virus is capable of causing the disease alone.
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Re: CR strengthen question [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2010, 02:11
It has to be C,
Any event which shows that
Virus is Present--> Disease is present & Bacteria is not present..
makes the presence of bacteria redundant
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Re: CR strengthen question [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2010, 07:14
B ...........boys

The argument: a new disease is discovered AND it is helped by the presence of certain virus, to the onset of the disease

B..............
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Re: CR strengthen question [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2010, 09:12
C) The virus alone has been observed in many cases of the disease.

This is the strongest among the choices.
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Re: CR strengthen question [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2010, 09:22
OA is C. I picked this by google search.

B is too much of a stretch/extreme
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Re: CR strengthen question [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2010, 10:54
amma4u wrote:
OA is C. I picked this by google search.

B is too much of a stretch/extreme

hi when i solve the question i also picked B

thats there in my mind that we should concentrate on conclusion but both the premises is saying that bacterim is the cause shouldnt we consider that.

???
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Re: CR strengthen question [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2010, 07:52
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poohv005 wrote:
A newly discovered disease is thought to be caused by a certain bacterium. However, recently released data notes that the bacterium thrives(prosper) in the presence of a certain virus, implying that it is actually the virus that causes the new disease.
Which of the following pieces of evidence would most support the data’s implication?
(A) In the absence of the virus, the disease has been observed to follow infection by the bacterium.
(B) The virus has been shown to aid the growth of bacterium, a process which often leads to the onset of the disease.
(C) The virus alone has been observed in many cases of the disease.
(D) In cases where the disease does not develop, infection by the bacterium is usually preceded by infection by the virus.
(E) Onset of the disease usually follows infection by both the virus and the bacterium.

Let's focus on the question first because that is all that is relevant to us. (In fact, it helps to read the question first so that you can read the argument with the question in perspective)
Which of the following pieces of evidence would most support the data’s implication?

Now, before we move on, what is data's implication?
implying that it is actually the virus that causes the new disease.

Now you have to pick an answer choice which best supports 'it is actually the virus that causes the disease'. Focus on that.

Option (C) clearly states that the virus alone has been found in many cases. Then it must be the virus that causes the disease.
It does not conflict with the premise above - 'A newly discovered disease is thought to be caused by a certain bacterium.' The premise does not say that it is caused by the bacterium. It only says that it is thought to be caused by the bacterium.

Option (B) doesn't strengthen that it is actually the virus that causes the disease. It says that the virus aids the growth of bacterium and this growth leads to development of the disease. The cause of the disease is still the bacterium. That is, if the bacterium weren't present, the virus probably couldn't do anything alone. (Note the probably here. This statement doesn't say that the virus alone cannot do anything but it also doesn't say that the virus alone can cause the disease) But we want to strengthen that it is actually the virus which is the cause.
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A newly discovered disease is thought to be caused by a [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2011, 09:21
A newly discovered disease is thought to be caused by a certain bacterium. However, recently released data notes that the bacterium thrives in the presence of a certain virus, implying that it is actually the virus that causes the new disease.

Which of the following pieces of evidence would most support the data’s implication?

(A) In the absence of the virus, the disease has been observed to follow infection by the bacterium.
(B) The virus has been shown to aid the growth of bacterium, a process which often leads to the onset of the disease.
(C) The virus alone has been observed in many cases of the disease.
(D) In cases where the disease does not develop, infection by the bacterium is usually preceded by infection by the virus.
(E) Onset of the disease usually follows infection by both the virus and the bacterium.
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02 Sep 2011, 22:40
This question has been posted in this forum for more than 5 times. It's recommended that you search for the question in the forums before posting.

Most of the people like me and everyone else would be interested in some new questions. Who doesn't like new stuff?

Anyways, the answer is C.

B is wrong as it just repeats the premise .
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A newly discovered disease is thought to be caused by a [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2012, 11:09
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A newly discovered disease is thought to be caused by a certain bacterium. However, recently released data notes that the bacterium thrives in the presence of a certain virus, implying that it is actually the virus that causes the new disease.

Which of the following pieces of evidence would most support the data’s implication?

(A) In the absence of the virus, the disease has been observed to follow infection by the bacterium.
(B) The virus has been shown to aid the growth of bacterium, a process which often leads to the onset of the disease.
(C) The virus alone has been observed in many cases of the disease.
(D) In cases where the disease does not develop, infection by the bacterium is usually preceded by infection by the virus.
(E) Onset of the disease usually follows infection by both the virus and the bacterium.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
question: according to CR bible, to support a causal argument, u need to
1- eliminate possible causes
2- show when A happens, B happens
3- when A doesnt happen, B doesn't happen
4- show that the relationship is not reversed
5--6--7 etc.
in this case I chose B, which confirmed that A caused B, when A happens B happens. I am not sure why its wrong. I am so upset

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Last edited by Narenn on 31 Oct 2013, 12:40, edited 1 time in total.
Necessary corrections for 'Bumping for review' project
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Re: A newly discovered disease is thought [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2012, 14:25
The conclusion as given in the last statement is - Virus causes the disease and not the bacterium.
Option C supports this conclusion by highlighting that in many cases, even in the absence of the bacteria, the disease can be caused only by the virus.

This is not a Causal argument. Infact the conclusion negates the cause and anything that harms the causal relationship will strengthen the overall argument.
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Re: A newly discovered disease is thought [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2012, 15:32
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This is a tricky question - it is LSAT after all.

Let's take a look at (B). It says that the virus causes the bacteria to grow, a process followed by the onset of the disease. So this is not a simple cae of A causes B. Instead A (the virus) causes B (the bacteria) and then C (the disease) is observed.

We want an answer choice in which only A (the virus) appears with B (the disease).

(C) states that the virus alone has been observed by the disease. Without the presence of the bacterium confounding the causal chain, (C) provides the strongest support that the virus causes the disease.

Hope that helps
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Re: A newly discovered disease is thought [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2012, 00:39
+ 1 C.
C is clearly supporting the conclusion.
B and the sentence "recently released data notes that the bacterium thrives in the presence of a certain virus" are same , thus B is merely reinstating the premise...
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Re: A newly discovered disease is thought   [#permalink] 19 Jan 2012, 00:39

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