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A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be

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A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2020, 01:11
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Question Stats:

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A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding other flammable liquids.


A. be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding

B. are fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding torch fuel, charcoal lighter fluid, turpentine, and

C. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers of turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and

D. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and containing

E. will be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and


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A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2020, 01:59
Bunuel wrote:
A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding other flammable liquids.


A. be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding

B. are fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding torch fuel, charcoal lighter fluid, turpentine, and

C. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers of turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and

D. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and containing

E. will be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and


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1. A & D are out as they do not follow parallelism.

2. E - 'Mandates' - should be carried out then and there and not in future. Use of 'will be' is incorrect.

3. That brings us to B & C. The use of pronoun 'those' used in B is better than repeating the noun 'the openings'. There is no pronoun ambiguity with the usage of 'those' in B. Also in C it gives a feeling as if containers are made up of "charcoal lighter fluid........flammable liquids".
B clearly tells "containers holding......", removing the ambiguity that containers hold the fluids and are not made up of those fluids.

Hence, the answer is B.
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Re: A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2020, 02:24
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My answer is (C). It took me 36 seconds.

(A) "and holding" should be "and"
(B) For those "bossy verbs" such as mandate, subjective mood is needed in the clause.
(D) "and holding" should be "and"
(E) For those "bossy verbs" such as mandate, subjective mood is needed in the clause.
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Re: A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2020, 02:35
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IMO C,

Split between B & E and A,C & D

we can easily eliminate B & E since subjunctive form is not used correctly.

A. be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding
'containers holding' - Redundancy issue. Hence eliminate


B. are fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding torch fuel, charcoal lighter fluid, turpentine, and
'are fitted' is incorrect. Mandates denotes the subjunctive tone, but 'be' is missing. Hence eliminate.


C. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers of turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and
Correct answer

D. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and containing
'containers holding' and 'containers.... containing' - Redundancy issue. Hence eliminate


E. will be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and
'will be fitted' is incorrect. Mandates denotes the subjunctive tone, but 'be' is missing. Hence eliminate.
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Re: A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2020, 02:40
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C option is correct

Area tested- Subjunctive mood and parallelism.

Mandates convey the subjunctive mood, therefore 'be' should be there. Eliminate B and E

In A and D, parallelism is getting distorted. Therefore eliminate A and D.

A. be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding

B. are fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding torch fuel, charcoal lighter fluid, turpentine, and

C. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers of turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and- BINGO

D. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and containing

E. will be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and
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Re: A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2020, 02:51
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A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding other flammable liquids.


A. be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding - The demonstrative pronoun 'those' can refer to two plural nouns that are a part of the same sentence: 'child protective openings' and 'gasoline containers'. Since the demonstrative pronoun does not have clear antecedent, we can eliminate (A).

B. are fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding torch fuel, charcoal lighter fluid, turpentine, and - Has the same issue as described in (A): the demonstrative pronoun 'those' has two possible antecedents from the same sentence: 'protective openings' and 'containers'. Since the demonstrative pronoun does not have clear antecedent, we can eliminate (B).

C. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers of turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and - there are three reasons why I think that (C) is correct.

Reason #1: the usage of 'be lifted' is in the present subjunctive tense, the usage of which is absolutely correct.

Reason #2: there's a clear comparison being made: (child protective openings) similar to (the openings found on containers)

Reason #3: The list of items placed in parallel are all nouns.

D. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and containing - According to (D), we have some sort of container that holds (turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel) and (other flammable liquids) simultaneously. this distorts the intended meaning of this sentence : to exemplify the different types of liquids that the container can hold. Hence, eliminate (D).

E. will be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and - Has the same demonstrative pronoun ('those') antecedent error as described in (A) and (B). hence, eliminate (E).
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Re: A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2020, 06:43
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A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding other flammable liquids.

POE:
Parallelism - 'turpentine...........flammable liquids'. Eliminate (A), (D).
'Those' is ambiguous here. Eliminate (b), (E).


A. be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding

B. are fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding torch fuel, charcoal lighter fluid, turpentine, and

C. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers of turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and - CORRECT

D. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and containing

E. will be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and
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Re: A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2020, 21:48
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A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding other flammable liquids.

FACT 1 -> the word mandate allows the possibility of be. So B, E are out.
FACT 2 -> Now the case of clear parallelism. turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and other flammable liquids. Optiona A, D are out.

Answer is C

A. be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding

B. are fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding torch fuel, charcoal lighter fluid, turpentine, and

C. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers of turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and

D. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and containing

E. will be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and
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Re: A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2020, 22:27
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A. be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding -> not parallel

B. are fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding torch fuel, charcoal lighter fluid, turpentine, and -> "mandates that" indicates the usage of subjunctive. Henceforth the sentence should follow the structure: BOSSY WORD + that + subject + bare infinitive

C. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers of turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and -> Correct

D. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and containing -> Parallelism

E. will be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and-> Same as B
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Re: A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be  [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2020, 15:25
Answer: Option B

A. be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding
=> Parallelism issue. no need to repeat "holding" after "and"

B. are fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding torch fuel, charcoal lighter fluid, turpentine, and
=> "are" incorrect, the subjunctive form ("be") is needed as "mandates" is present.

C. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers of turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and
=> Correctly using the subjunctive form "be". Corrects parallelism.

D. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and containing
=> Parallelism issue. "containing" not parallel with "turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel"

E. will be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and
=> "will be" incorrect, the subjunctive form ("be") is needed as "mandates" is present.
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Re: A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be  [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2020, 22:00
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Bunuel wrote:
A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding other flammable liquids.


A. be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding

B. are fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding torch fuel, charcoal lighter fluid, turpentine, and

C. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers of turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and

D. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and containing

E. will be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and


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A. be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding - Parallelism error

B. are fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding torch fuel, charcoal lighter fluid, turpentine, and - Subjunctive mood error, it should be in subjunctive mood because non-underlined part includes law mandates that

C. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers of turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and - CORRECT , no parallelism and subjunctive error

D. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and containing - parallelism error

E. will be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and - same as B

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Re: A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be  [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2020, 02:11

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding other flammable liquids.


A. be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and holding

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The first three items in the list at the end of the sentence are nouns (turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel), but the last item is a verb (holding).

What helps us identify this question as a Parallelism question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign: A list of 3 items or more, separated by commas and and/or before the last item.



B. are fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding torch fuel, charcoal lighter fluid, turpentine, and

Although this answer choice corrects the original Parallelism error by removing a verb (holding) from a list of nouns, it is grammatically incorrect. Mandate is one of the nine verbs to which the Subjunctive rule applies (if it is followed by that). This means that the next verb after mandates that should be in base form. However, are is not in base form.

What helps us identify this question as a Subjunctive question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign: propose/recommend/require/request/insist/suggest/mandate/ask/demand that

Whenever you come across this Stop Sign, make sure that the following verb is in its base form.



C. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers of turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and

This answer choice corrects the original Parallelism error by removing a verb (holding) from a list of nouns (turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel).


D. be fitted with child protective openings similar to the openings found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and containing

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect and repeats the original Parallelism error. The first three items in the list at the end of the sentence are nouns (turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel), but the last item is a verb (containing).

What helps us identify this question as a Parallelism question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign: A list of 3 items or more, separated by commas and and/or before the last item.



E. will be fitted with child protective openings similar to those found on containers holding turpentine, charcoal lighter fluid, torch fuel, and

Although this answer choice corrects the original Parallelism error by removing a verb (holding) from a list of nouns, it is grammatically incorrect. Mandate is one of the nine verbs to which the Subjunctive rule applies (if it is followed by that). This means that the next verb after mandates that should be in base form. However, will be is not in base form.

What helps us identify this question as a Subjunctive question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign: propose/recommend/require/request/insist/suggest/mandate/ask/demand that

Whenever you come across this Stop Sign, make sure that the following verb is in its base form.

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Re: A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be   [#permalink] 25 May 2020, 02:11

A newly instituted law mandates that portable gasoline containers be

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