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A particle moves around a circle (once) such that its displacement fro [#permalink]

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19 May 2011, 11:57

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A

B

C

D

E

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

17% (00:53) correct
83% (01:51) wrong based on 57 sessions

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A particle moves around a circle (once) such that its displacement from the initial point in given time t is t(6-t) meters where t is the time in seconds after the start. The time in which it completes one-sixth of the distance is

(1) 0.60 s (2) 0.88 s (3) 1 s (4) 1.12 s (5) none of these

Re: A particle moves around a circle (once) such that its displacement fro [#permalink]

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19 May 2011, 16:22

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f(x)=6t-t^2 differentiate f'(x)=6-2t Differentiate again f''(x)=-2. Hence maxima will occur at f'(x)=0 0=6-2t t=3 Hence at t=3 f(x)=>f(3)=9 Now f(x) represents maximum displacement. Maximum displacement in a circle is diameter of circle. hence diameter of circle D=9 radius R=4.5 Now full distance will be circumference of circle=2piR= 2pi 4.5=9pi 1/6 of that distance will be 1.5pi Now look at the figure, 1.5pi is the arc of the circle. Central angle will be 60 Hence cord will be 4.5 i.e the displacement is 4.5 when the distance is 1/6th.

Now, f(x)=6t-t^2 t^2-6t+4.5=0 Solve for t t=0.88 or t=5.12.

hence OA B.

Main concept here is to understand difference between displacement and distance. Please let me know if any step is not clear. I have omitted obvious calculations.

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Screen shot 2011-05-20 at 2.22.12 AM.png [ 14.54 KiB | Viewed 2518 times ]

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Re: A particle moves around a circle (once) such that its displacement fro [#permalink]

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19 May 2011, 19:34

I think this assumption is not correct. What if the question meant just 1/6th of the radius ? The question does not make it obvious.

jamifahad wrote:

f(x)=6t-t^2 differentiate f'(x)=6-2t Differentiate again f''(x)=-2. Hence maxima will occur at f'(x)=0 0=6-2t t=3 Hence at t=3 f(x)=>f(3)=9 Now f(x) represents maximum displacement. Maximum displacement in a circle is diameter of circle. hence diameter of circle D=9 radius R=4.5 Now full distance will be circumference of circle=2piR= 2pi 4.5=9pi 1/6 of that distance will be 1.5pi Now look at the figure, 1.5pi is the arc of the circle. Central angle will be 60 Hence cord will be 4.5 i.e the displacement is 4.5 when the distance is 1/6th.

Now, f(x)=6t-t^2 t^2-6t+4.5=0 Solve for t t=0.88 or t=5.12.

hence OA B.

Main concept here is to understand difference between displacement and distance. Please let me know if any step is not clear. I have omitted obvious calculations.

Re: A particle moves around a circle (once) such that its displacement fro [#permalink]

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19 May 2011, 22:27

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gmat1220 wrote:

I think this assumption is not correct. What if the question meant just 1/6th of the radius ? The question does not make it obvious.

jamifahad wrote:

f(x)=6t-t^2 differentiate f'(x)=6-2t Differentiate again f''(x)=-2. Hence maxima will occur at f'(x)=0 0=6-2t t=3 Hence at t=3 f(x)=>f(3)=9 Now f(x) represents maximum displacement. Maximum displacement in a circle is diameter of circle. hence diameter of circle D=9 radius R=4.5 Now full distance will be circumference of circle=2piR= 2pi 4.5=9pi 1/6 of that distance will be 1.5pi Now look at the figure, 1.5pi is the arc of the circle. Central angle will be 60 Hence cord will be 4.5 i.e the displacement is 4.5 when the distance is 1/6th.

Now, f(x)=6t-t^2 t^2-6t+4.5=0 Solve for t t=0.88 or t=5.12.

hence OA B.

Main concept here is to understand difference between displacement and distance. Please let me know if any step is not clear. I have omitted obvious calculations.

Well, i think there are no assumptions....... this is a great explanation .... thanks and kudos to jamifahad

Re: A particle moves around a circle (once) such that its displacement fro [#permalink]

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20 May 2011, 00:17

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gmat1220 wrote:

I think this assumption is not correct. What if the question meant just 1/6th of the radius ? The question does not make it obvious.

This is not assumption. Question clearly states that a particle moves around a circle once. hence the distance covered by particle will be circumference of the circle. 1/6 of circumference will be 1.5pi.

Also, to solve this under two minutes you do not need any of those calculations. f(x)=6t-t^2 f(0)=0 f(1)=5 f(2)=8 f(3)=9 f(4)=8 f(5)=5 f(6)=0 Now displacement of 5 is at 1 sec. Displacement of 4.5 will be at JUST less than 1 sec.
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Re: A particle moves around a circle (once) such that its displacement fro [#permalink]

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20 May 2011, 00:27

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The displacement from the starting position can be max when the particle (P) is at diametrically opposite position of S (initial position)

=> when t(6-t) is max then the value of t(6-t) = 2R where R is the radius of the circle => t = 3 and R = 9/2.

Now, when the particles covers 1/6th of the distance => the angle subtended by SP at the center of the circle is 360/6 = 60 degrees SOP Is equilateral triangle => length of SP is R = 9/2 = t(6-t) => t = 0.88

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Re: A particle moves around a circle (once) such that its displacement fro [#permalink]

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