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A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included

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A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg

A A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included
B The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included
C Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist including in her exploits the
D Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits are
E The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly included

Originally posted by macjas on 11 May 2012, 22:56.
Last edited by GMATNinjaTwo on 02 Oct 2018, 13:52, edited 1 time in total.
corrected choice C
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2012, 04:13
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A. A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included –Dangling modifier
B. The exploits of, a pioneer journalist, included: Correct format a pioneer journalist modifies Nellie Bly
C Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist, included---- a run -on
D Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits are: Inverted clause SV mismatch
E The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly included----- journalist's exploits of Nellie- a clumsy redundancy and may even imply as if the pioneer journalist and Nellie were two different entities
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2015, 12:03
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A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg

A A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included --> first sentence modifies exploits
B The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included --> CORRECT a pioneer journalist modifies Preceding NOUN Nellie Bly - don't mix it up with the NOUN + NOUN Modifier
C Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist, included --> included modifies journalist (should modify exploits)
D Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits are --> what is included in the pioneer journalis - nothing...
E The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly included --> pioneer jouralist's exploits included...where is the connection to Nellie Bly....


Here are some exceptions to the TOUCH RULE for noun modifiers:

1. A “mission-critical” modifier falls between. This modifier is often an Of-phrase that defines the noun. The less important modifier refers to the noun plus the first modifier.

- He had a way OF DODGING OPPONENTS that impressed the scouts
dodging opponents defines the noun way; that impressed the scouts modifies the entire
noun phrase a way of dodging opponents

2. A very short predicate falls between, shifting a very long modifier back.
- Right: A new CEO has been hired who will transform the company bv decentralizing authority to various division heads while increasing their accountability through the use of public scorecards.

3. A short non-essential phrase intervenes and is set off by commas.
- Right: Our system of Presidential elections favors states, such as Delaware, that by population are over-represented in the Electoral College ( That modifies -> States)

4. The modifier is part of a series of parallel modifiers, one of which touches the noun

- In heraldry, the term "tincture" refers to a color emblazoned on a coat of arms and labeled with a special French word. (here, 2 Modifiers are placed fort he noun Color , it’s ok)

5. Normally a relative clause should touch the noun that it modifies, but we are generally allowed to place an appositive between a relative clause and the modified noun.

- Mary buys cookies made with SugarFree, an artificial sweetener, which tastes as sweet as the corn syrup that her brother loves but where there are fewer calories than in an equivalent amount of corn syrup.


APPOSITIVE PHRASE

An appositive is a re-naming or amplification of a word that immediately precedes it.


My favorite teacher, a fine chess player in her own right, has won several state-level tournaments. [Noun phrase as appositive]
The best exercise, walking briskly, is also the least expensive. [Gerund phrase as appositive]
Tashonda's goal in life, to become an occupational therapist, is within her grasp this year, at last. [Infinitive phrase as appositive]

ABSOLUTE PHRASE

Usually (but not always, as we shall see), an absolute phrase (also called a nominative absolute) is a group of words consisting of a NOUN or PRONOUN and a PARTICIPLE as well as any related MODIFIER. Absolute phrases do not directly connect to or modify any specific word in the rest of the sentence; instead, they modify the entire sentence, adding information. Notice that absolute phrases contain a subject (which is often modified by a participle), but not a true finite verb.

Their reputation as winners secured by victory, the New York Liberty charged into the semifinals.
The season nearly finished, Rebecca Lobo and Sophie Witherspoon emerged as true leaders.
The two superstars signed autographs into the night, their faces beaming happily.
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2012, 08:10
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Hi @paras123,

This is the sentence with choice C:

Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist including in her exploits the circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg.

We have a verb-ing modifier “including” here that is modifying the previous noun entity “a pioneer journalist”. Nellie Bly is this pioneer journalist. So “including” is basically modifying Nellie Bly.

Now this modifier does not make sense with the subject “Nellie Bly” here because per this choice, the sentence seems to means that Nellie Bly was a journalist and because of being a journalist she included in her exploits the circling. This is not the intended meaning. It is Bly’s exploits that included the circling. So that should

Also this sentence is not very grammatical. This phrase “the circling the globe” is not grammatical. These are the reasons for this sentence to be incorrect.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2013, 15:54
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A pioneer journalist, Nellie Blv's exploits included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg.

(A) A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included >>> Wrong modifier. A pioneer journalist should modify Nellie Bly, not her exploits.
(B) The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included >>> Correct. "a pioneer journalist" is an appositive modifier that modifies Nellie Bly.
(C) Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist including in her exploits the >>> Wrong modifier. "including" modifies "journalist"
(D) Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits are >>> Wrong grammar. "Included in X are Y"
(E) The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly included >>> Wrong meaning. "pioneer" is an adjective that modifies Nelly Bly, not the exploits.
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2018, 15:42
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Hello Everyone!

This is a tricky question that deals with modifiers, so let's dive in! Before we get started, here is the original question any major differences between each option highlighted in orange:

A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg

A. A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included
B. The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included
C. Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist, included
D. Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits are
E. The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly included

Since it's clear from the earlier forum discussion that this question focuses on modifiers, let's start there.

To check for modifier problems, you need to ask yourself the following:

1. Is it absolutely clear who/what the modifier is referring to?
2. Is the modifier referring to the correct person/thing in the sentence?
3. Does the modifier placement change the intended meaning in any way?


If the modifier's antecedent is clear and correct, and it doesn't change the overall meaning, it's a properly-placed modifier! Let's take a look at each option, and answer those 3 questions to determine if they are well-placed modifiers:

A. A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included

1. Is it absolutely clear who/what the modifier is referring to? --> YES - it's referring to Nelly Bly's exploits.
2. Is the modifier referring to the correct person/thing in the sentence? --> NO - it should be referring to Nelly Bly, not her exploits!
3. Does the modifier placement change the intended meaning in any way? --> YES - it tells us her exploits were pioneer journalists, which doesn't make logical sense!

This is INCORRECT because the modifier (A pioneer journalist) is referring to Bly's exploits, not to her.

B. The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included

1. Is it absolutely clear who/what the modifier is referring to? --> YES - it's referring to Nelly Bly, who was a pioneer journalist!
2. Is the modifier referring to the correct person/thing in the sentence? --> YES!
3. Does the modifier placement change the intended meaning in any way? --> NO!

This is CORRECT because the modifier (a pioneer journalist) is clearly referring to Nelly Bly, and it's punctuated correctly to indicate it's a modifier!

C. Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist, included

1. Is it absolutely clear who/what the modifier is referring to? --> Yes - the modifier "included" is referring to the word "journalist."
2. Is the modifier referring to the correct person/thing in the sentence? --> NO - the phrase "included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg" should refer to "exploits," which isn't even in this sentence!
3. Does the modifier placement change the intended meaning in any way? --> YES - it removed the idea of Nelly Bly having exploits in her life, including the ones discussed in the sentence!

This option is INCORRECT because it removed the idea of Nelly Bly's "exploits," which them makes the phrase "including circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg" make no sense.

D. Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits are

There is no modifier issue in this sentence. However, this sentence is INCORRECT because it has a subject-verb agreement problem. The sentence only gives us ONE example of the exploits Nelly Bly experienced, but it uses the plural verb "are."

E. The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly included

1. Is it absolutely clear who/what the modifier is referring to? --> Yes - it's saying that a pioneer journalist exploited Nelly Bly.
2. Is the modifier referring to the correct person/thing in the sentence? --> NO - the pioneer journalist IS Nelly Bly, not some other person!
3. Does the modifier placement change the intended meaning in any way? --> YES - it completely changes the meaning! It now says that some other journalist exploited Nelly Bly and circled the globe faster than everyone involved!

This is INCORRECT because it drastically changes the meaning of the original sentence.


There you have it - option B is the correct answer because it used the modifier correctly and did not change the intended meaning!


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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2013, 20:24
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ranjeet75 wrote:
Why is D wrong? Please clarify.


This is an OG question from OG 13th Ed. GMAC's explanation on option D is:
"Since this event clearly happened in the past, the tense of the verb are is wrong. Piling on too many descriptive words for the noun exploits [the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits] makes the phrase unwieldy and awkward."

Also, I found that "included" refers to "pioneer" saying "included in the pioneer". Though the intention is to say "included in the exploits", it didn't happen so because of placing many descriptive words between "included in the" and "exploits".
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 06:10
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adkikani wrote:
Hi Experts,

Is- Nellie Bly's exploits - noun or adjective?


It is noun .
Nellie Bly's fantastic exploits.
Here fantastic is an adjective of exploits.
Hope it helps.
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 13:50
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adkikani wrote:
Hi arvind910619

I would like to disagree with your here.
As per my understanding, Nellie Bly's exploits is a possessive noun.

For eg.
A widower Sara's case stirred the courts to provide justice early.

Here a widower can not refer to Sara since it is in possessive form.
I think noun modifier can not refer nouns in this form.

mikemcgarry GMATNinja can you validate my understanding?


Hello adkikani - You are correct in saying that in the above sentence, "A widower" does not refer to Sara.

However, if you are looking errors in option A, I believe, "A pioneer journalist" in this option refers to "Nellie Bly's exploits" as a whole, or just assume "exploits". This does not make sense.

Hope this clarifies.
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2020, 12:01
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varotkorn wrote:
Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist including in her exploits the circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg.

Why is the bold part in choice C. wrong?

Here "including" is participle modifier modifying "journalist."
A journalist could very well INCLUDE THE CIRCLING in her exploits. (meaning #2 in https://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/include)
Quote:
The team is stronger now they’ve included Roscoe.
Would you include a mobile phone on your list of essentials?


Regardless of how you interpret "including" here, you certainly can't say "including in her exploits the circling the globe faster..." because there's an extraneous "the" in there. You could say (if you accept this usage of "including") "including in her exploits circling the globe faster than..."

But I also don't accept this usage of "including" in answer C - her exploits include circling the globe. She doesn't. I suppose if you really try, you can interpret C so that it means something (if you fix the error I point out above) but the writing in answer C should be recognizably terrible. All the words are just jammed together, and it's not clear what goes with what, or what it's even trying to say. The right answer B solves all of those problems. The description of Bly ("a pioneer journalist") is correctly placed and is set off from the main point of the sentence, which is that Bly's exploits included circling the globe quickly. Answer B says what the sentence is trying to say cleanly and directly. Answer C instead seems to make the point of the sentence that "Bly was a pioneer journalist" (that is the subject and verb in C) and then proceeds to illustrate that phrase by mentioning something that has nothing to do with pioneering journalism.

As a general comment about studying SC (to everyone doing that), you should not only be asking why wrong answers are wrong - you should spend as much or more time asking why right answers are right. The right answers to GMAT SC questions normally express complex ideas in the clearest and most precise way, and if you can learn to recognize what that kind of writing looks like, you'll have a much easier time with SC in general.
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2013, 10:29
egmat wrote:
Hi @paras123,

This is the sentence with choice C:

Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist including in her exploits the circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg.

We have a verb-ing modifier “including” here that is modifying the previous noun entity “a pioneer journalist”. Nellie Bly is this pioneer journalist. So “including” is basically modifying Nellie Bly.

Now this modifier does not make sense with the subject “Nellie Bly” here because per this choice, the sentence seems to means that Nellie Bly was a journalist and because of being a journalist she included in her exploits the circling. This is not the intended meaning. It is Bly’s exploits that included the circling. So that should

Also this sentence is not very grammatical. This phrase “the circling the globe” is not grammatical. These are the reasons for this sentence to be incorrect.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi Shraddha
There is a serious bug in my SC understanding and i wish to kill it once and for all.
This bug has again resurfaced in this OG13 question. I would really appreciate if u could help me resolve this problem. So here it is-

A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg

A A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included
B The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included
C Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist, included
D Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits are
E The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly included

B The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included
I marked this answer wrong since i had wrongly interpreted that The exploits of Nellie Bly is a noun modifier, which is incorrectly modifying a pioneer journalist, the noun next to the modifier. I repeatedly do such kinds of mistakes in modifiers. Can you suggest how i can unlearn such misconceptions.
Thanks :)
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2013, 09:49
Hey guys..
Thanks for the replies.
I'm afraid that I still don't understand.
The Past tense refers to actions that have occurred in the past and have finished by the time the sentence is written.
The coach included Ajay into his team. (By the time the sentence is written Ajay has already been included).
By the same logic, "XYZ's exploits included"... should mean that his/her exploits included something and they don't anymore.
Hence, my question is : shouldn't it be "XYZ's exploits include"... which (IMHO) correctly means that the exploits still include that something.

Until and unless this is idiomatic, I don't understand why this construction is correct.

Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Thanks
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2013, 10:53
Dipankar6435 wrote:
egmat wrote:
Hi @paras123,

This is the sentence with choice C:

Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist including in her exploits the circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg.

We have a verb-ing modifier “including” here that is modifying the previous noun entity “a pioneer journalist”. Nellie Bly is this pioneer journalist. So “including” is basically modifying Nellie Bly.

Now this modifier does not make sense with the subject “Nellie Bly” here because per this choice, the sentence seems to means that Nellie Bly was a journalist and because of being a journalist she included in her exploits the circling. This is not the intended meaning. It is Bly’s exploits that included the circling. So that should

Also this sentence is not very grammatical. This phrase “the circling the globe” is not grammatical. These are the reasons for this sentence to be incorrect.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi Shraddha
There is a serious bug in my SC understanding and i wish to kill it once and for all.
This bug has again resurfaced in this OG13 question. I would really appreciate if u could help me resolve this problem. So here it is-

A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg

A A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included
B The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included
C Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist, included
D Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits are
E The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly included

B The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included
I marked this answer wrong since i had wrongly interpreted that The exploits of Nellie Bly is a noun modifier, which is incorrectly modifying a pioneer journalist, the noun next to the modifier. I repeatedly do such kinds of mistakes in modifiers. Can you suggest how i can unlearn such misconceptions.
Thanks :)


I am not sure if you were able to kill the bug but still let me try to attempt this in 2 ways:
1) Meaning :
If The exploits of Nellie Bly is a noun modifier , modifying a pioneer journalist then a pioneer journalist is main subject . So is it the a pioneer journalist included circling or The exploits ? It is the exploits of NB included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg.
2) Grammar and Punctuation :
I feel there is difference between
a. The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included and
b. The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist included
In B The exploits of Nellie Bly could mean what you interpreted .
But a pioneer journalist has comma before and after implying that it is a modifier and not main subject.

Please correct me if I am wrong.
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2014, 11:14
Can someone explain the meaning of this sentence with choice B? I feel like there is some ambiguity here. I understand it as follows - is it wrong?

- Nellie Bly did a lot of things and one of the things was the fact that she circle the globe faster than "Jules Verne's fictional Phileas fogg". The part in the apostrophes is a little confusing because I take that as a possessive something?
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2014, 14:48
macjas wrote:
A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg

A A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included
B The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included
C Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist, included
D Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits are
E The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly included



The options for above sentence are not clearly written (See option C), mismatched with OG 13. Correct version as below.

A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included
circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional
Phileas Fogg.
(A) A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits
included
(B) The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist,
included
(C) Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist including in
her exploits the
(D) Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's
exploits are
(E) The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly
included
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2015, 08:57
A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included circling the globe faster than Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg

A A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included
-Here pioneer Journalist is referring to exploits not to Nellie Bly. -Dangling modifier issue.

B The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included
-Correct

C Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist, included
- Nellie Bly included something... Doesn't make any sense. It's her exploits that included something.

D Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits are
We should have "is" in place of "are" because Author counted only one exploit.


E The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly included
Here we lost the original intend of the sentence i.e. Nellie Bly is the Pioneer Journalist.
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2015, 16:36
syncinfinity wrote:
I really cannot understand which one is compared to "Jules Verne's fictional Phileas Fogg."

Phileas Fogg is a protagonist, so he is a human being. Hence, Phileas Fogg should be compared to Nellie Bly.

According to the answer (B), it seems that circling the globe is faster than Phileas Fogg. It doesn't make sense to me.

In my opinion, answer should be like below:
The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included that she circled the globe faster than did Jules Verne's Phileas Fogg.

Am I wrong? Please give me an advise.


Please remember that you should not be doubting the correctness of an official question be it in the official guides or in GMATPREP software. Official questions provided by GMAC are irrefutable.

In SC, you dont have to find the BEST POSSIBLE answer but you need to find the BEST OUT OF THE GIVEN 5 OPTIONS.

The other options are egregiously incorrect either grammatically or logically (altered meaning).

I agree, B is the best out of the given options and may not necessarily be the best possible. There might be variants that are more succinct and better but as we are not given those options to play with, you have to go with B.
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2016, 00:10
Hi experts,

D) Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly’s exploits are
I totally got the verb tense error in D,
and felt that "Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly’s exploits" is awkward,
anyone can point the why awkward?

thanks in advance
have a nice day
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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2017, 18:55
(A) A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included
(B) The exploits of Nellie Bly, a pioneer journalist, included
(C) Nellie Bly was a pioneer journalist including in her exploits the -uurnalist was not included instead his exploits
(D) Included in the pioneer journalist Nellie Bly's exploits are - What was included?
(E) The pioneer journalist's exploits of Nellie Bly included

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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2017, 08:22
In answer choice B, isn't the "a pioneer journalist" incorrectly modifies the "exploits" and not "Nellie Bly"? There are two nouns, how do you determine what the sentence is supposed to modify?

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Re: A pioneer journalist, Nellie Bly's exploits included   [#permalink] 03 Apr 2017, 08:22

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