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A play of feature, whether instinctive or voluntary, accentuates and

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A play of feature, whether instinctive or voluntary, accentuates and  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 Oct 2019, 06:46
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New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 366, Date : 02-Oct-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details


A play of feature, whether instinctive or voluntary, accentuates and qualifies all motions intended to serve as signs, and strong instinctive facial expression is generally accompanied by action of the body or some of its members. But, so far as a distinction can be made, expressions of the features are the result of emotional, and corporeal gestures, of intellectual action. The former in general and the small number of the latter that are distinctively emotional are nearly identical among men from physiological causes which do not affect with the same similarity the processes of thought. The large number of corporeal gestures expressing intellectual operations require and admit of more variety and conventionality. Thus the features and the body among all mankind act almost uniformly in exhibiting fear, grief, surprise, and shame, but all objective conceptions are varied and variously portrayed. Even such simple indications as those for “no” and “yes” appear in several differing motions. While, therefore, the terms sign language and gesture speech necessarily include and suppose facial expression when emotions are in question, they refer more particularly to corporeal motions and attitudes. For this reason much of the valuable contribution of Darwin in his book Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals is not directly applicable to sign language. His analysis of emotional gestures into those explained on the principles of serviceable associated habits, of antithesis, and of the constitution of the nervous system, should, nevertheless, always be remembered. Even if it does not strictly embrace the class of gestures which form the subject of this paper, and which often have an immediate pantomimic origin, the earliest gestures were doubtless instinctive and generally emotional, preceding pictorial, metaphoric, and, still subsequent, conventional gestures even, as, according to Darwin’s cogent reasoning, they preceded articulate speech.

Spoiler: :: OE
Answer: C
Explanation:
The answer can be found in the two lines ‘so far as a distinction can be made,…similarity the processes of thought.’ The lines clearly states that in a small number of cases, corporeal gestures can be distinctly emotional. Thus, (C) is the correct answer. A, B and D are extreme choices because they use the word always and none. E is not mentioned anywhere in the passage.

1. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about corporeal gestures?

(A) They always result from intellectual actions.
(B) They always result from emotional actions.
(C) At least some of them result from emotional actions.
(D) None of them result from emotional actions.
(E) They are easier to spot than are expressions of features.


Spoiler: :: OE
Answer: D
Explanation:
The correct answer (D) can be found in the line ‘much of the valuable contribution of Darwin in his book Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals is not directly applicable to sign language’.
(A) The passage makes no such mention.
(B) In fact, the passage says that Darwin’s analyses in this book should always be remembered.
(C) The passage makes no mention of intellectual actions with reference to this book.
(E) According to Darwin, certain gestures preceded articulate speech and not this book.

2. According to the passage, which of the following is true of Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals?

(A) It is the earliest known literature in the field of sign languages.
(B) Its contents are not relevant in modern times.
(C) It discusses both intellectual and emotional actions.
(D) Not all of its contents are directly applicable to sign language.
(E) It preceded articulate speech.


Spoiler: :: OE
Answer: A
Explanation:
The correct answer can be found in the two lines ‘The former in general and the small number of the latter that are distinctively emotional are nearly identical among men from physiological causes which do not affect with the same similarity the processes of thought. The large number of corporeal gestures expressing intellectual operations require and admit of more variety and conventionality’. The lines clearly state that corporeal gestures have more variety whereas emotional gestures are nearly identical, making (A) the correct answer.
(B) In fact, the passage clearly says that sign language goes much beyond facial expressions. Refer to the lines ‘While, therefore, the terms sign language and gesture speech necessarily include and suppose facial expression when emotions are in question, they refer more particularly to corporeal motions and attitudes.’
(C) In the opening sentence itself, the author states that some responses are instinctive (that is, involuntary) and some are voluntary.
(D) The author never mentions or hints at this anywhere in the passage.
(E) The author clearly says that a small number of corporeal gestures can result from emotional actions.

3. With which of the following statements would the author of the passage most likely agree?

(A) Corporal gestures are in general more varied than are expressions of features.
(B) Sign language includes facial expressions only.
(C) All human reactions are a result of voluntary responses.
(D) Darwin is considered one of the torchbearers in the field of sign language.
(E) Corporeal gestures can never result from emotional actions.


Originally posted by srij13 on 01 Oct 2019, 23:00.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 02 Oct 2019, 06:46, edited 2 times in total.
Updated.
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Re: A play of feature, whether instinctive or voluntary, accentuates and  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2020, 07:21
2
1. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about corporeal gestures?

(A) They always result from intellectual actions. - Partly correct, passage states "large" number , not always
(B) They always result from emotional actions.
(C) At least some of them result from emotional actions. Correct - "he former in general and the small number of the latter that are distinctively emotional are nearly identical among men from physiological causes which do not affect with the same similarity the processes of thought."
(D) None of them result from emotional actions.
(E) They are easier to spot than are expressions of features.


2. According to the passage, which of the following is true of Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals?

(A) It is the earliest known literature in the field of sign languages.
(B) Its contents are not relevant in modern times.
(C) It discusses both intellectual and emotional actions.
(D) Not all of its contents are directly applicable to sign language. - Correct " For this reason much of the valuable contribution of Darwin in his book Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals is not directly applicable to sign language."
(E) It preceded articulate speech.

3. With which of the following statements would the author of the passage most likely agree?

(A) Corporal gestures are in general more varied than are expressions of features. - Quick way to solve this is PoE, Correct
(B) Sign language includes facial expressions only. - Incorrect, specifically mentioned in the para
(C) All human reactions are a result of voluntary responses. - Incorrect "A play of feature, whether instinctive or voluntary, accentuates and qualifies all motions intended to serve as signs, and strong instinctive facial expression is generally accompanied by action of the body or some of its members."
(D) Darwin is considered one of the torchbearers in the field of sign language. - Incorrect
(E) Corporeal gestures can never result from emotional actions. - Incorrect, same explanation as ques 1
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Re: A play of feature, whether instinctive or voluntary, accentuates and  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2020, 01:43
+1 Kudos to posts containing answer explanation of all questions
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Re: A play of feature, whether instinctive or voluntary, accentuates and   [#permalink] 10 Mar 2020, 01:43

A play of feature, whether instinctive or voluntary, accentuates and

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