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# A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by

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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2017, 02:09
A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by his or her colleagues if that politician is
known to be involved in any serious scandals. Several prominent politicians have just now been
shown to be involved in a conspiracy that turned into a serious scandal. These politicians will therefore not be reelected.
If the statements above are all true, which one of the following statements must also be true?

(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.
(B) If there had been no scandal, the prominent politicians would be reelected.
(C) No politician is censured unless he or she is known to be involved in a serious scandal.
(D) The prominent politicians initially benefited from the conspiracy that caused the scandal.
(E) Some politicians who are involved in scandalous conspiracies avoid detection and
censure

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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2017, 13:06
GMATNinjaTwo wrote:
gmatexam439,
Quote:
I doubt the OA because the first statement itself says explicitly "Serious Scandal" and not just "Scandal". Therefore, it means a politician involved in a small scandal can be reelected while only those involved in "serious" ones can not be reelected. Option "A" clearly doesn't take into account "Serious Scandals".

Also statement is an exaggerated statement because it takes into account "ALL" prominent politicians while the second statement says "several" (which is not equal to all). Also the conclusion says "THESE" that means those prominent politicians which are involved in serious scandals and not ALL.

I seriously doubt OA is correct. Experts please clarify.

Quote:
(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.

I understand the confusion, but choice A does not say that ALL prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues; rather, choice A states that "the prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues." This refers only to the prominent politicians who "have just now been shown to be involved in a conspiracy that turned into a serious scandal." And since these specific prominent politicians were in fact involved in a serious scandal, we can conclude that they will neither be reelected nor avoid censure.

Thank you sir for the clarification !!
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by  [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2017, 23:06
Postal wrote:
A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by his or her colleagues if that politician is
known to be involved in any serious scandals. Several prominent politicians have just now been
shown to be involved in a conspiracy that turned into a serious scandal. These politicians will therefore not be reelected.
If the statements above are all true, which one of the following statements must also be true?

(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.
(B) If there had been no scandal, the prominent politicians would be reelected.
(C) No politician is censured unless he or she is known to be involved in a serious scandal.
(D) The prominent politicians initially benefited from the conspiracy that caused the scandal.
(E) Some politicians who are involved in scandalous conspiracies avoid detection and
censure

(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.
why SEVERAL = ALL in this case.
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by  [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2017, 05:33
(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.
why SEVERAL = ALL in this case.

See if this post helps: https://gmatclub.com/forum/a-politician ... l#p1841398
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by  [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2017, 21:24
GMATNinjaTwo wrote:
gmatexam439,
Quote:
I doubt the OA because the first statement itself says explicitly "Serious Scandal" and not just "Scandal". Therefore, it means a politician involved in a small scandal can be reelected while only those involved in "serious" ones can not be reelected. Option "A" clearly doesn't take into account "Serious Scandals".

Also statement is an exaggerated statement because it takes into account "ALL" prominent politicians while the second statement says "several" (which is not equal to all). Also the conclusion says "THESE" that means those prominent politicians which are involved in serious scandals and not ALL.

I seriously doubt OA is correct. Experts please clarify.

Quote:
(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.

I understand the confusion, but choice A does not say that ALL prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues; rather, choice A states that "the prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues." This refers only to the prominent politicians who "have just now been shown to be involved in a conspiracy that turned into a serious scandal." And since these specific prominent politicians were in fact involved in a serious scandal, we can conclude that they will neither be reelected nor avoid censure.

I have got the same question pondering in my head. Can you please clarify if the rule applies to GMAT CR all across ??

The question stem says "These politicians will not be re-elected." Option Says "they cannot escape censure by their colleagues" . Can we infer this ?
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by  [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2017, 21:26
I have got the same question pondering in my head. Can you please clarify if the rule applies to GMAT CR all across ?? I meant the prominent politicians refers to the politicians mentioned in the question stem.

The question stem says "These politicians will not be re-elected." Option Says "they cannot escape censure by their colleagues" . Can we infer this ? I felt option E does the better job.
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by  [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2017, 14:38
1
sumanainampudi wrote:
I have got the same question pondering in my head. Can you please clarify if the rule applies to GMAT CR all across ?? I meant the prominent politicians refers to the politicians mentioned in the question stem.

The question stem says "These politicians will not be re-elected." Option Says "they cannot escape censure by their colleagues" . Can we infer this ? I felt option E does the better job.

Quote:
(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.

Consider the following example: "Several Germans, Australians, and Americans meet at a hostel in Chile. The Australians are funnier than the Americans." - Does this mean that Australians, in general, are funnier than Americans? Of course not (even though, in this case, it's likely true!)... From the context, we know that the second sentence refers to specific Americans and Australians who are meeting at a hostel in Chile, not Americans and Australians in general.

However, if we remove the article "the" before Australians and Americans in the second sentence, we change the meaning: "Several Germans, Australians, and Americans meet at a hostel in Chile. Australians are funnier than Americans." In this case, the second sentence is a general statement about Americans and Australians rather than a statement about the specific Americans and Australians who are meeting at the hostel.

The same applies to this passage. If the author wanted to refer to prominent politicians in general, the article "The" would not have been used: "Prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues." There is no "rule" to learn here; rather, you have to think about the meaning and significance of the author's word choice.

Quote:
(E) Some politicians who are involved in scandalous conspiracies avoid detection and censure

As for choice (E), we are told that "A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by his or her colleagues if that politician is known to be involved in any serious scandals." So we are given a SUFFICIENT condition: if a politician is known to be involved in any serious scandals, then that politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by his/her colleagues.

Choice (E) says, "...well, it's possible that a politician can be involved in a scandal and avoid censure." This goes against the sufficient condition given in the passage, unless you make the argument that a "scandalous conspiracy" is not necessarily a "serious scandal." Still, there is certainly not enough information in the passage to definitively conclude that some politicians can avoid detection and avoid censure if they are involved in a scandalous conspiracy. To say that choice (E) might be true is a stretch, but we definitely cannot say that it must be true.
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by  [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2017, 17:19
How could A be the correct answer . It suggests that all prominent politicians will face censure..
In my opinion C is the right answer
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2017, 08:12
vishnupandey09 wrote:
How could A be the correct answer . It suggests that all prominent politicians will face censure..
In my opinion C is the right answer

Choice (A) does not suggest that ALL prominent politicians will face censure. It only suggests that THE prominent politicians referred to in the passage (those who "have just now been shown to be involved in a conspiracy that turned into a serious scandal") will face censure.

The following two posts address this point in detail:

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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2018, 17:32
Postal wrote:
A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by his or her colleagues if that politician is
known to be involved in any serious scandals. Several prominent politicians have just now been
shown to be involved in a conspiracy that turned into a serious scandal. These politicians will therefore not be reelected.
If the statements above are all true, which one of the following statements must also be true?

(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.
(B) If there had been no scandal, the prominent politicians would be reelected.
(C) No politician is censured unless he or she is known to be involved in a serious scandal.
(D) The prominent politicians initially benefited from the conspiracy that caused the scandal.
(E) Some politicians who are involved in scandalous conspiracies avoid detection and
censure

My response:

(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.Yes, as given above - A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure. Hence, this must be true.

(B) If there had been no scandal, the prominent politicians would be reelected. We don't know this can happen, do we??

(C) No politician is censured unless he or she is known to be involved in a serious scandal.This is not given in the passage

(D) The prominent politicians initially benefited from the conspiracy that caused the scandal. oh really? when did this happen?

(E) Some politicians who are involved in scandalous conspiracies avoid detection and
censure irrelevant

Thanks,
Uma
Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by &nbs [#permalink] 03 Aug 2018, 17:32

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