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# A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by

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A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2011, 01:49
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A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by his or her colleagues if that politician is
known to be involved in any serious scandals. Several prominent politicians have just now been
shown to be involved in a conspiracy that turned into a serious scandal. These politicians will therefore not be reelected.
If the statements above are all true, which one of the following statements must also be true?

(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.
(B) If there had been no scandal, the prominent politicians would be reelected.
(C) No politician is censured unless he or she is known to be involved in a serious scandal.
(D) The prominent politicians initially benefited from the conspiracy that caused the scandal.
(E) Some politicians who are involved in scandalous conspiracies avoid detection and
censure
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: CR serious scandals [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2011, 13:55
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Postal wrote:
A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by his or her colleagues if that politician is
known to be involved in any serious scandals. Several prominent politicians have just now been
shown to be involved in a conspiracy that turned into a serious scandal. These politicians will therefore not be reelected.
If the statements above are all true, which one of the following statements must also be true?

(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.
(B) If there had been no scandal, the prominent politicians would be reelected.
(C) No politician is censured unless he or she is known to be involved in a serious scandal.
(D) The prominent politicians initially benefited from the conspiracy that caused the scandal.
(E) Some politicians who are involved in scandalous conspiracies avoid detection and
censure

We are given:
scandal -> not avoid censure
scandal -> not relected
prominent politicians have...been...involved in a...scandal

a) scandal -> not avoid censure (we are told that "prominent politicians have...been...involved in a...scandal", which is how 'scandal' is inferred here)
b) not scandal -> relected
c) scandal -> avoid censure
d) irrelevant
e) irrelevant

Therefore, A is the answer. Thanks for the question.
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Re: CR serious scandals [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2011, 02:01
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Postal wrote:
A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by his or her colleagues if that politician is
known to be involved in any serious scandals. Several prominent politicians have just now been
shown to be involved in a conspiracy that turned into a serious scandal. These politicians will therefore not be reelected.
If the statements above are all true, which one of the following statements must also be true?

(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.
(B) If there had been no scandal, the prominent politicians would be reelected.
(C) No politician is censured unless he or she is known to be involved in a serious scandal.
(D) The prominent politicians initially benefited from the conspiracy that caused the scandal.
(E) Some politicians who are involved in scandalous conspiracies avoid detection and
censure

If scandals (X) , not avoid censure (Y) and not reelect (Z)

(A) states correctly the boldface
(B) If not X, then Z => wrong
(C) Y unless X => wrong
(D) wrong
(E) X happen, Y not happen => wrong.
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2017, 14:48
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Expert's post
gmatexam439,
Quote:
I doubt the OA because the first statement itself says explicitly "Serious Scandal" and not just "Scandal". Therefore, it means a politician involved in a small scandal can be reelected while only those involved in "serious" ones can not be reelected. Option "A" clearly doesn't take into account "Serious Scandals".

Also statement is an exaggerated statement because it takes into account "ALL" prominent politicians while the second statement says "several" (which is not equal to all). Also the conclusion says "THESE" that means those prominent politicians which are involved in serious scandals and not ALL.

I seriously doubt OA is correct. Experts please clarify.

Quote:
(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.

I understand the confusion, but choice A does not say that ALL prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues; rather, choice A states that "the prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues." This refers only to the prominent politicians who "have just now been shown to be involved in a conspiracy that turned into a serious scandal." And since these specific prominent politicians were in fact involved in a serious scandal, we can conclude that they will neither be reelected nor avoid censure.
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Re: CR serious scandals [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2011, 17:41
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manalq8 wrote:
why not C?

The evidence stated in the prompt says, "if scandal then not avoid censure", it does not say "if sandal then avoid censure".

HTHs, M.
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2013, 02:38
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Postal wrote:
A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by his or her colleagues if that politician is
known to be involved in any serious scandals. Several prominent politicians have just now been
shown to be involved in a conspiracy that turned into a serious scandal. These politicians will therefore not be reelected.
If the statements above are all true, which one of the following statements must also be true?

(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.
(B) If there had been no scandal, the prominent politicians would be reelected.
(C) No politician is censured unless he or she is known to be involved in a serious scandal.
(D) The prominent politicians initially benefited from the conspiracy that caused the scandal.
(E) Some politicians who are involved in scandalous conspiracies avoid detection and
censure

A is the obvious answer but I'm going to attempt to explain through elimination why this is the case (working backwards)

D and E suffer from the same problem--they reflect information outside the scope of the passage, or put another way, you would need additional statements (premises) to justify such conclusions. For D, there is no discussion of benefits for conspiracies (whether politicians can ever benefit or whether politicians always are initially benefitted prior to the negative fallout). For E, there is no discussion of the consequences of avoiding detection. While it may be true from a common sense perspective, nothing in the passage can support this claim directly, especially in this case where we are concerned about politicians who were caught.

B and C suffer from the same problem--they reflect fallacious reasoning based on assumptions not supported in the passage. For B, it is basically stating "All prominent politicians are reelected UNLESS they are known to be part of a scandal". Nowhere in the passage is there support for this; we are left to believe there can be many reasons why a politician is not re-elected. C is put in the "unless" form which makes it easier to digest, and again, the passage does not support the claim that censure is only a consequence of scandal; there can be many reasons why a politician may be censured.

The main premise is that IF there's a known link to a serious scandal, then politicians are not reelected and censured. (If X, then not Y and Z. We have evidence of the scandal (X), so 2 conclusions follow: no reelections (NOT Y) and definite censure (Z). The passage already contains the NOT Y and choice A is Z. Someone asked why doesn't A "imply" ALL politicians--as with any CR question, you must take all statements at face value; if the choice meant to include all, it would've stated so.
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Re: CR serious scandals [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2011, 13:20
An easy A.....

its like x=y and y=z...so x=z
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Re: CR serious scandals [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2011, 15:25
why not C?
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Re: CR serious scandals [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2011, 17:42
In essence, "if scandal then not avoid censure" is the first sentence.
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Re: CR serious scandals [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2011, 00:45
+1 for A
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Re: CR serious scandals [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2011, 13:08
The Passage has mentioned "Several prominent politicians " not all but in option A it has mentioned The Prominent ... bit confusing and If not X, then Z => wrong it should be If not X, then not Z which seems correct for me as B option.
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2012, 10:13
Hello guys. Shouldnt the answer be B?
I cant digest A as answer.

-ashish

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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by [#permalink]

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24 May 2013, 07:33
Postal wrote:
A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by his or her colleagues if that politician is
known to be involved in any serious scandals. Several prominent politicians have just now been
shown to be involved in a conspiracy that turned into a serious scandal. These politicians will therefore not be reelected.
If the statements above are all true, which one of the following statements must also be true?

(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.
(B) If there had been no scandal, the prominent politicians would be reelected.
(C) No politician is censured unless he or she is known to be involved in a serious scandal.
(D) The prominent politicians initially benefited from the conspiracy that caused the scandal.
(E) Some politicians who are involved in scandalous conspiracies avoid detection and
censure

Wow . Am so confused on this one. I thought the answer was E. I still cant justify A to be the answer.

Quote:
(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.

The argument only says "Several prominent politicians have just now been shown to be involved in a conspiracy"
How can you conclude that "The prominent politicians cannot escape " . this means ALL Prominent politicians cannot escape.

Quote:
(E) Some politicians who are involved in scandalous conspiracies avoid detection and censure.

This can be proven from the statement " A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by his or her colleagues if that politician is
known to be involved
in any serious scandals" ....
Says "If the politician is known to be involved " only then ... blah blah blah ...
Which means , some of them , who are involved might go unrevealed. Hence some politicians involved in scandals avoid the detection.

To the original poster : Are you sure A is the Official answer? If it is so , I don't know what is it that I am missing. E fits well.

-Jyothi
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2013, 01:11
Why cant it be "B". IT says No scandal -> Reelected . It is just the opp of Scandal -> Not reelected so... No Scandal -> Reelected.??
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2013, 00:47
Postal wrote:
A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by his or her colleagues if that politician is
known to be involved in any serious scandals. Several prominent politicians have just now been
shown to be involved in a conspiracy that turned into a serious scandal. These politicians will therefore not be reelected.
If the statements above are all true, which one of the following statements must also be true?

(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.
(B) If there had been no scandal, the prominent politicians would be reelected.
(C) No politician is censured unless he or she is known to be involved in a serious scandal.
(D) The prominent politicians initially benefited from the conspiracy that caused the scandal.
(E) Some politicians who are involved in scandalous conspiracies avoid detection and
censure

A fits the easy peasy way
B is not a conclusion you can make necessarily
C again cannot be so and has not infrred from the oservations made
D and E irrelevant ( not always so, one should read all choices carefully)
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2013, 07:30
docdrizzeally wrote:
Postal wrote:
A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by his or her colleagues if that politician is
known to be involved in any serious scandals. Several prominent politicians have just now been
shown to be involved in a conspiracy that turned into a serious scandal. These politicians will therefore not be reelected.
If the statements above are all true, which one of the following statements must also be true?

(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.
(B) If there had been no scandal, the prominent politicians would be reelected.
(C) No politician is censured unless he or she is known to be involved in a serious scandal.
(D) The prominent politicians initially benefited from the conspiracy that caused the scandal.
(E) Some politicians who are involved in scandalous conspiracies avoid detection and
censure

A fits the easy peasy way
B is not a conclusion you can make necessarily
C again cannot be so and has not infrred from the oservations made
D and E irrelevant ( not always so, one should read all choices carefully)

Can someone explain why A

A says The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues. But shouldn't it also contain who is involved in the scandal.

A implies every prominent politician!
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2013, 11:38
ramannanda9 wrote:
docdrizzeally wrote:
Postal wrote:
A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by his or her colleagues if that politician is
known to be involved in any serious scandals. Several prominent politicians have just now been
shown to be involved in a conspiracy that turned into a serious scandal. These politicians will therefore not be reelected.
If the statements above are all true, which one of the following statements must also be true?

(A) The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues.
(B) If there had been no scandal, the prominent politicians would be reelected.
(C) No politician is censured unless he or she is known to be involved in a serious scandal.
(D) The prominent politicians initially benefited from the conspiracy that caused the scandal.
(E) Some politicians who are involved in scandalous conspiracies avoid detection and
censure

A fits the easy peasy way
B is not a conclusion you can make necessarily
C again cannot be so and has not infrred from the oservations made
D and E irrelevant ( not always so, one should read all choices carefully)

Can someone explain why A

A says The prominent politicians cannot escape censure by their colleagues. But shouldn't it also contain who is involved in the scandal.

A implies every prominent politician!

I think E is the right answer... not convinced with A.... can someone explain me how come A would be the right answer pls
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2013, 01:09
I agree with the answer A; however, I wonder a bit about option C.
The first sentence : if scandals -> not be reelected + not avoid censure (= be censured)
C is : unless scandals ( if not scandals) -> not be censured. Why is option C eliminated?
Hope for your explanation. Thanks all.
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2013, 01:22
First of all , someone please tell me if the question is correct as I see a "." in the middle. Gmat never test on full stops. Please clarify
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2013, 01:41
In my opinion, choice (C) is incorrect because the prompt only states, "A politician cannot avoid censure by his or her colleagues if that politician is known to be involved in any serious scandals." But, choice (C) lacks of "By his or her colleagues." Therefore, it is incorrect.
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Re: A politician can neither be reelected nor avoid censure by   [#permalink] 16 Aug 2013, 01:41

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