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A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja

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Re: A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 09:10
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MadaraU wrote:
Shouldn't it be "the books that James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France" rather than "the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France" in choice D, because "wrote" comes out of nowhere.


Helllo MadaraU,

I will be glad to help you resolve the doubt. :-)

Following is the correct version of the sentence (with Choice E):

A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research the books (that) James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France.

(Blue = subjects, Green = verbs)

In the correct answer choice, that, the relative pronoun modifier that refers to the preceding noun entity the books is understood. It is so because that, the modifier, does not act as the subject of the dependent clause it starts. Let's take a few simple examples here to understand the usage:

I like the pizza that contains only vegetables.

In the above-mentioned sentence, that refers to the preceding noun the pizza and acts as the subject of the dependent clause that it starts. Hence, it must be explicitly mentioned in the sentence.

Now look at the following sentence:

I like the pizza that my mother makes at home.

In the above-mentioned sentence, that refers to the preceding noun the pizza but does not act as the subject of the dependent clause that it starts. The subject of the dependent clause started by that is my mother. Hence, it it not necessary to mention that in the sentence. The sentence can be written as follows:

I like the pizza my mother makes at home.

Same is the case with the correct answer choice of this official sentence. Since that does not act as the subject of the dependent clause it starts, it has been kept understood in the sentence.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja [#permalink]

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The correct answer is "A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research the books James Baldwin wrote while he lived in France". But if I change it into past continuous "A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research the books James Baldwin wrote while he was living in France", is it wrong?

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A professor at the university has taken a sabbatical to research on Ja   [#permalink] 02 Aug 2017, 21:23

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