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Manager  S
Joined: 01 Sep 2016
Posts: 189
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V35 A project requires a rectangular sheet of cardboard satisfying the fol  [#permalink]

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33 00:00

Difficulty:   95% (hard)

Question Stats: 35% (02:46) correct 65% (02:29) wrong based on 275 sessions

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A project requires a rectangular sheet of cardboard satisfying the following requirement: When the sheet is cut into identical rectangular halves, each of the resulting rectangles has the same ratio of length to width as the original sheet. Which of the following sheets comes closest to satisfying the requirement?

(A) A sheet measuring 7 inches by 10 inches
(B) A sheet measuring 8 inches by 14 inches
(C) A sheet measuring 10 inches by 13 inches
(D) A sheet measuring 3 feet by 5 feet
(E) A sheet measuring 5 feet by 8 feet

_________________
we shall fight on the beaches,
we shall fight on the landing grounds,
we shall fight in the fields and in the streets,
we shall fight in the hills;
we shall never surrender!
GMAT Club Legend  V
Joined: 12 Sep 2015
Posts: 4065
Re: A project requires a rectangular sheet of cardboard satisfying the fol  [#permalink]

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bkpolymers1617 wrote:
A project requires a rectangular sheet of cardboard satisfying the following requirement: When the sheet is cut into identical rectangular halves, each of the resulting rectangles has the same ratio of length to width as the original sheet. Which of the following sheets comes closest to satisfying the requirement?

(A) A sheet measuring 7 inches by 10 inches
(B) A sheet measuring 8 inches by 14 inches
(C) A sheet measuring 10 inches by 13 inches
(D) A sheet measuring 3 feet by 5 feet
(E) A sheet measuring 5 feet by 8 feet

Here's an algebraic solution:

Let x be length of the LONG side of the original rectangle
Let y be length of the SHORT side of the original rectangle
Then cut the rectangle into two pieces We want the resulting rectangles to have the same ratio of length to width as the original sheet.
In other words, we want x/y = y/(x/2)
Cross multiply to get: x²/2 = y²
Multiply both sides by 2 to get: x² = 2y²
Divide both sides by y² to get: x²/y² = 2
Take square root of both sides to get: x/y = √2

IMPORTANT: For the GMAT, everyone should know the following APPROXIMATIONS: √2 ≈ 1.4, √3 ≈ 1.7, √5 ≈ 2.2

So, we know that x/y ≈ 1.4
In other words, the ratio (LONG side)/(SHORT side) ≈ 1.4

(A) 10/7 = 1 3/7 ≈ 1.4 LOOKS GOOD!
(B) 14/8 = 1 6/8 = 1.75 ELIMINATE
(C) 13/10 = 1.3 ELIMINATE
(D) 5/3 = 1 2/3 ≈ 1.66 ELIMINATE
(E) 8/5 = 1.6 ELIMINATE

Cheers,
Brent
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Manager  S
Joined: 01 Sep 2016
Posts: 189
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V35 Re: A project requires a rectangular sheet of cardboard satisfying the fol  [#permalink]

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Algebraic Solution
Say the original sheet measures L by W, with L > W, so that the cut yields two rectangular halves measuring L/2 by W each.

Per the project requirements, the ratio of these new dimensions must be the same as the ratio of L to W.  Consider both possible ways in which the ratio might be set up. If the ratio of original to new is set up as L : W = L/2 : W, then it reduces to 1 = 1/2, an impossible condition. (Or, if you prefer to reason theoretically, it is impossible to reduce L by half but leave W unchanged and have the ratio stay the same.)

Therefore, the width (W) of the original rectangle, must become the longer side for the smaller rectangles. The ratio must be set up as L : W = W : L/2.

Set up the ratio:
$$L/W = 2L/W$$
L/W= 1.4 ( $$Root 2 = 1.4$$)

The condition thus requires original dimensions that come as close as possible to satisfying , or, equivalently, .

The one closest to 1.4 is the correct answer.

(A) 10/7 = approximately 1.4
(B) 14/8 = 7/4 = 1.75
(C) 13/10 = 1.3
(D) 5/3 =  = approximately 1.7
(E) 8/5 = = 1.6
Choice A comes closest to the requirement. The correct answer is (A).
_________________
we shall fight on the beaches,
we shall fight on the landing grounds,
we shall fight in the fields and in the streets,
we shall fight in the hills;
we shall never surrender!
##### General Discussion
Manager  S
Joined: 01 Sep 2016
Posts: 189
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V35 A project requires a rectangular sheet of cardboard satisfying the fol  [#permalink]

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The first and the foremost thing to realize is that one side of the figure would be cut by half. Now when you go through the options, please make sure on thing. There is no need to half the smaller side in the option, as it would be the total waste of time. For example, if you have a rectangular figure with a ratio of 1:4, then halfing the smaller side would bring the ration to .5 to 4, which means that the ratio will decrease further rather than remaining the same.

So now let's go to the option choices:
a) Sheet measuring 7*10 : Lets half the larger side"10", we get 7:5, now is 5/7 equal to 7/10. I would say pretty close- lets keep.
b) A sheet measuring 8 inches by 14 inches: Half the larger side we get, 7/8 vs 8/14: No chance of being close- eliminate
c) A sheet measuring 10 inches by 13 inches: Half the larger side we get, 6.5/10 vs 10/13: Not close- eliminate
d) A sheet measuring 3 feet by 5 feet: 2.5/3 vs 3/5 : No chance
e) A sheet measuring 5 feet by 8 feet: 4/5 vs 5/8: Not close

_________________
we shall fight on the beaches,
we shall fight on the landing grounds,
we shall fight in the fields and in the streets,
we shall fight in the hills;
we shall never surrender!
Manager  B
Joined: 03 Aug 2017
Posts: 79
A project requires a rectangular sheet of cardboard satisfying the fol  [#permalink]

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GMATPrepNow wrote:
bkpolymers1617 wrote:
A project requires a rectangular sheet of cardboard satisfying the following requirement: When the sheet is cut into identical rectangular halves, each of the resulting rectangles has the same ratio of length to width as the original sheet. Which of the following sheets comes closest to satisfying the requirement?

(A) A sheet measuring 7 inches by 10 inches
(B) A sheet measuring 8 inches by 14 inches
(C) A sheet measuring 10 inches by 13 inches
(D) A sheet measuring 3 feet by 5 feet
(E) A sheet measuring 5 feet by 8 feet

Here's an algebraic solution:

Let x be length of the LONG side of the original rectangle
Let y be length of the SHORT side of the original rectangle
Then cut the rectangle into two pieces We want the resulting rectangles to have the same ratio of length to width as the original sheet.
In other words, we want x/y = y/(x/2)
Cross multiply to get: x²/2 = y²
Multiply both sides by 2 to get: x² = 2y²
Divide both sides by y² to get: x²/y² = 2
Take square root of both sides to get: x/y = √2

IMPORTANT: For the GMAT, everyone should know the following APPROXIMATIONS: √2 ≈ 1.4, √3 ≈ 1.7, √5 ≈ 2.2

So, we know that x/y ≈ 1.4
In other words, the ratio (LONG side)/(SHORT side) ≈ 1.4

(A) 10/7 = 1 3/7 ≈ 1.4 LOOKS GOOD!
(B) 14/8 = 1 6/8 = 1.75 ELIMINATE
(C) 13/10 = 1.3 ELIMINATE
(D) 5/3 = 1 2/3 ≈ 1.66 ELIMINATE
(E) 8/5 = 1.6 ELIMINATE

Cheers,
Brent

Hi Brent a lil basic question : While trying to maintain the ratio of the new triangle to the Original Triangle why did you reverse the side . SHould the Sides of both the triangles not corelate that is height / width vs Height / width ie x/y ( Old ratio ) = (x/2 )/ y ( new ratio ) ?

in the solution provided by you you have done the following
" In other words, we want x/y = y/(x/2)
Cross multiply to get: x²/2 = y² ''

PLease explain Intern  B
Joined: 04 Sep 2019
Posts: 7
Re: A project requires a rectangular sheet of cardboard satisfying the fol  [#permalink]

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Do the math. OR print thousands of documents in letter (7x11) and tabloid (11x14) sizes and KNOW that when you fold a tabloid in half you get 2 letter sizes. Closest to these dimensions is 7x10 HENCE A.

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Manager  B
Joined: 09 May 2018
Posts: 77
Re: A project requires a rectangular sheet of cardboard satisfying the fol  [#permalink]

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1
bkpolymers1617 wrote:
A project requires a rectangular sheet of cardboard satisfying the following requirement: When the sheet is cut into identical rectangular halves, each of the resulting rectangles has the same ratio of length to width as the original sheet. Which of the following sheets comes closest to satisfying the requirement?

(A) A sheet measuring 7 inches by 10 inches
(B) A sheet measuring 8 inches by 14 inches
(C) A sheet measuring 10 inches by 13 inches
(D) A sheet measuring 3 feet by 5 feet
(E) A sheet measuring 5 feet by 8 feet

An easy method to do this would be -

a) 7/10, 5/7, now multiply the denominator with the numerator and see which numbers are closest. so, in this case, 49 , 50
b) 4/7, 7/8 =>32, 49
c) 10/13, 13/20 . 200, 169
d) 3/5, 5/6. 18, 15
e) 5/8, 4/5. 25, 32

As you can see that A is closest, so you dont have to approximate the values in this.
Manager  S
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 82
GMAT 1: 530 Q43 V20 WE: Analyst (Consumer Products)
A project requires a rectangular sheet of cardboard satisfying the fol  [#permalink]

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mimajit wrote:
GMATPrepNow wrote:
bkpolymers1617 wrote:
A project requires a rectangular sheet of cardboard satisfying the following requirement: When the sheet is cut into identical rectangular halves, each of the resulting rectangles has the same ratio of length to width as the original sheet. Which of the following sheets comes closest to satisfying the requirement?

(A) A sheet measuring 7 inches by 10 inches
(B) A sheet measuring 8 inches by 14 inches
(C) A sheet measuring 10 inches by 13 inches
(D) A sheet measuring 3 feet by 5 feet
(E) A sheet measuring 5 feet by 8 feet

Here's an algebraic solution:

Let x be length of the LONG side of the original rectangle
Let y be length of the SHORT side of the original rectangle
Then cut the rectangle into two pieces We want the resulting rectangles to have the same ratio of length to width as the original sheet.
In other words, we want x/y = y/(x/2)
Cross multiply to get: x²/2 = y²
Multiply both sides by 2 to get: x² = 2y²
Divide both sides by y² to get: x²/y² = 2
Take square root of both sides to get: x/y = √2

IMPORTANT: For the GMAT, everyone should know the following APPROXIMATIONS: √2 ≈ 1.4, √3 ≈ 1.7, √5 ≈ 2.2

So, we know that x/y ≈ 1.4
In other words, the ratio (LONG side)/(SHORT side) ≈ 1.4

(A) 10/7 = 1 3/7 ≈ 1.4 LOOKS GOOD!
(B) 14/8 = 1 6/8 = 1.75 ELIMINATE
(C) 13/10 = 1.3 ELIMINATE
(D) 5/3 = 1 2/3 ≈ 1.66 ELIMINATE
(E) 8/5 = 1.6 ELIMINATE

Cheers,
Brent

Hi Brent a lil basic question : While trying to maintain the ratio of the new triangle to the Original Triangle why did you reverse the side . SHould the Sides of both the triangles not corelate that is height / width vs Height / width ie x/y ( Old ratio ) = (x/2 )/ y ( new ratio ) ?

in the solution provided by you you have done the following
" In other words, we want x/y = y/(x/2)
Cross multiply to get: x²/2 = y² ''

PLease explain Hi mimajit,

The question you have asked is actually the key to getting the question correct. If you observe the diagram from Brent's post then x is the longer side and y is the shorter side of the rectangle. And we know that in a rectangle the length is the longer side and the width is the shorter side.

When we slice the rectangle into two halves x divides into two $$\frac{x}{2}$$'s and now $$\frac{x}{2}$$ no longer remains the longer side and it is y that becomes the length now. Hence, when we take the ratio of length by width y becomes the length and $$\frac{x}{2}$$ becomes the width.

As a side note, if you continue to keep $$\frac{x}{2}$$ as the length then you will end up with a tautology - $$\frac{x}{y} = \frac{x}{2y}$$ where $$\frac{x}{y}$$ cancel out on both sides.

Warm Regards,
Pritish
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Cheers. Wishing Luck to Every GMAT Aspirant! A project requires a rectangular sheet of cardboard satisfying the fol   [#permalink] 19 Oct 2019, 10:26
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