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A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges

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A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts. Citing this, a reader wrote to lament that this was further evidence of the decline of academic rigor in American post high school education.

Which of the following is an assumption on the part of the reader?
a The percentage of American colleges granting liberal arts degrees would continue to drop.
b All colleges should grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts.
c Most post-secondary scientific, engineering, and vocational training does not involve as much academic rigor as liberal arts training.
d Academic rigor is the most important aspect of post high school education.
e Of the colleges that do not grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts, many granted fewer than a quarter of their degrees in the liberal arts.

Originally posted by ritula on 13 Feb 2009, 05:08.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 29 Jan 2017, 10:51, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2009, 06:00
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IMO C.

If I negate the statement that other trainings do involve academic rigor, liberal arts are not that much required to high school education. So conclusion falls apart.
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2009, 06:01
Conclusion : academic rigor in HS is redicuing becuase the grants are less for
ARTS majors.
Clrearly the assumption that links is that arts contiributes to acedamic rigor.

Hence, I choose C as it is other way of putting the assumption and saying that other
subject do not contribute to the acedemic rigor.
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2009, 09:29
Agree with C.

Negation of this choice attacks the conclusion

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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2009, 09:35
classic case of disconnect.

only 5.5% of American colleges grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts.

This is evidence of the decline of academic rigor in American post high school education

So both of them must be linked.

So liberal arts impose academic rigor is the assumption. An enhancement would be other degrees do not offer that much rigor as LA does
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2009, 21:11
ritula wrote:
A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts. Citing this, a reader wrote to lament that this was further evidence of the decline of academic rigor in American post high school education.

Which of the following is an assumption on the part of the reader?
a The percentage of American colleges granting liberal arts degrees would continue to drop.
b All colleges should grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts.
c Most post-secondary scientific, engineering, and vocational training does not involve as much academic rigor as liberal arts training.
d Academic rigor is the most important aspect of post high school education.
e Of the colleges that do not grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts, many granted fewer than a quarter of their degrees in the liberal arts.


E is the best

1. A out immediately
2. The argument mentions only American colleges, NOT all the colleges, B out
3. The argument focuses ON the liberal arts ONLY, does not care other departments. Furthermore, "liberal arts" and "liberal arts training" are so different. Should not fall in the trap. C out

4. D is out at the first sight.

E is assumption
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2009, 23:01
ritula wrote:
A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts. Citing this, a reader wrote to lament that this was further evidence of the decline of academic rigor in American post high school education.

Which of the following is an assumption on the part of the reader?
a The percentage of American colleges granting liberal arts degrees would continue to drop.
Nothing in the above statements permit us to conclude that percentage will continue to drop.
b All colleges should grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts.
What colleges SHOULD do is not relevant
c Most post-secondary scientific, engineering, and vocational training does not involve as much academic rigor as liberal arts training.
If these degrees involved as much academic rigor then his conclusion falls apart so this must be the assumption
d Academic rigor is the most important aspect of post high school education.
Most important?
e Of the colleges that do not grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts, many granted fewer than a quarter of their degrees in the liberal arts.

A quarter?
Reader is concluding because less grads are graduating with degrees in liberal art it's a sign that our education standards are deteriorating.
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2010, 07:54
OA cannot be B. First strong words. second, it cannot be an assumption but rather signals a conclusion
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2012, 10:48
ritula wrote:
A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts. Citing this, a reader wrote to lament that this was further evidence of the decline of academic rigor in American post high school education.

Which of the following is an assumption on the part of the reader?
a The percentage of American colleges granting liberal arts degrees would continue to drop.
b All colleges should grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts.
c Most post-secondary scientific, engineering, and vocational training does not involve as much academic rigor as liberal arts training.
d Academic rigor is the most important aspect of post high school education.
e Of the colleges that do not grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts, many granted fewer than a quarter of their degrees in the liberal arts.


OA is C. However, my main concern with C is that post high school education is not equivalent to post-secondary education. Does it make sense?
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2012, 19:19
Only one doubt guys.. please clarify it... Is post high school education and post-secondary are same? ( Most post-secondary scientific, engineering, and vocational training does not involve as much academic rigor as liberal arts training.)

Because in India post secondary and high school are different.
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2012, 05:04
sondenso wrote:
ritula wrote:
A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts. Citing this, a reader wrote to lament that this was further evidence of the decline of academic rigor in American post high school education.

Which of the following is an assumption on the part of the reader?
a The percentage of American colleges granting liberal arts degrees would continue to drop.
b All colleges should grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts.
c Most post-secondary scientific, engineering, and vocational training does not involve as much academic rigor as liberal arts training.
d Academic rigor is the most important aspect of post high school education.
e Of the colleges that do not grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts, many granted fewer than a quarter of their degrees in the liberal arts.


E is the best

1. A out immediately
2. The argument mentions only American colleges, NOT all the colleges, B out
3. The argument focuses ON the liberal arts ONLY, does not care other departments. Furthermore, "liberal arts" and "liberal arts training" are so different. Should not fall in the trap. C out

4. D is out at the first sight.

E is assumption


Here conclusion is about decline of academic rigor right??

Do u think E will contribute for this conclusion
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2013, 03:25
Stimulus:
5.5% american colleges (post high school ed) grant their degrees in liberal arts
Thus, this is evidence in the decline of academic rigor

Assumption:
A connection between the lack of liberal arts to decline in acad rigor

Negate C:
If most post-secondary scientific, engineering and vocational training does involve rigor, then lack of liberal arts is not a good evidence of the decline.

Answer: C

a The percentage of American colleges granting liberal arts degrees would continue to drop.
PROBLEM: There is no need for futuristic assumptions...

b All colleges should grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts.
PROBLEM: The scope is about rigor. We need to find a link to this gap.

d Academic rigor is the most important aspect of post high school education.
PROBLEM: Extreme
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jan 2013, 03:57
Correct choice is C

A) This is inference and not assumption

B) out of scope

C) Correct choice : based on low percentage of liberal arts reader asserts that there is decline in american rigor that means ups and downs in liberal arts must be indicative of american rigor.

D) Not Relevant

E) out of scope
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2013, 23:16
ritula wrote:
A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts. Citing this, a reader wrote to lament that this was further evidence of the decline of academic rigor in American post high school education.

Which of the following is an assumption on the part of the reader?
a The percentage of American colleges granting liberal arts degrees would continue to drop.
b All colleges should grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts.
c Most post-secondary scientific, engineering, and vocational training does not involve as much academic rigor as liberal arts training.
d Academic rigor is the most important aspect of post high school education.
e Of the colleges that do not grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts, many granted fewer than a quarter of their degrees in the liberal arts.



My take is as below:
a. out of schope ad irrelevant, we dont have info of this. Looser
b. out of scope, no where related looser.
c. as they dont involve as rigor as this does and the numbers show its only 5.xx percent so, the reader predicteed the cln == contender, hold this
d. this is half stated, though its important, we dont see any clue for why lbieral is less. looser
e. out of scope looser.
so only one contender: C
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2013, 00:58
1
ritula wrote:
A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts. Citing this, a reader wrote to lament that this was further evidence of the decline of academic rigor in American post high school education.

Which of the following is an assumption on the part of the reader?
a The percentage of American colleges granting liberal arts degrees would continue to drop.
b All colleges should grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts.
c Most post-secondary scientific, engineering, and vocational training does not involve as much academic rigor as liberal arts training.
d Academic rigor is the most important aspect of post high school education.
e Of the colleges that do not grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts, many granted fewer than a quarter of their degrees in the liberal arts.


Let us look at the options.

Option A: The percentage of American colleges granting liberal arts degrees would continue to drop.
This isn't the correct answer because the reader is only lamenting about the decline in academic rigor in the existing American educational institutions. Change in their number hasn't been discussed/assumed anywhere.
Anyway even if we assume this option as true, it doesn't support the reader's claim about declining academic rigor.
Hence Option A is incorrect.


Option B: All colleges should grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts.
This option looks more like a probable solution suggested by the reader than an assumption to his argument. In other words, it doesn't precede his argument but follows it.
Hence Option B is incorrect.


Option C: Most post-secondary scientific, engineering, and vocational training does not involve as much academic rigor as liberal arts training.
The reader is pointing at the low number of American colleges awarding majority of their degrees in liberal arts and is suggesting that as an evidence for the decline in academic rigor in American post high school education. This does take the assumption that liberal arts training requires much more academic rigor.
Hence Option C is correct.


Option D: Academic rigor is the most important aspect of post high school education.
The fact that the reader is lamenting about the decline in academic rigor is enough to conclude that Academic rigor is an important aspect of post high school education. But whether it is the most important or not, we don't have sufficient information to infer.
Anyway "the importance of academic rigor" can't be an assumption to conclude about the "decline in academic rigor"
Hence Option D is incorrect.


Option E: Of the colleges that do not grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts, many granted fewer than a quarter of their degrees in the liberal arts.
No sufficient information is given regarding the amount of liberal arts degrees awarded by the colleges. Irrelevant.
Hence Option E is incorrect.


So the correct answer is Option C.
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2013, 06:13
Evidence- only 5.5% colleges grant the majority of their degree in the liberal arts this means that other 94.5% grant degrees in other majors

Conclusion-this was further evidence of decline of academic rigor in American post high school education.

Assumption- C is the correct answer, because if the other training would have been involvong academic rigor it would not have been declining
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2013, 05:46
The question asks for an assumption made by the reader. The reader’s
conclusion is that academic rigor is in decline, based on the percentage of
colleges granting a majority of their degrees in the liberal arts mentioned in the
article. To draw this conclusion, the reader must assume that degrees not in the
liberal arts were not as academically rigorous.
(A) It is not necessary for the reader to assume that the percentage will continue
to drop. The reader's conclusion concerns the present. Assumptions must be
both unstated and necessary.
(B) This extreme statement is not a necessary assumption. The reader does not
have to assume that all colleges should do so; the conclusion only relies on an
assumption that 5.5% is too low.
(C) CORRECT. To conclude that the low percentage of colleges granting the
majority of their degrees in the liberal arts indicates a decline in academic rigor,
the reader must assume that other degree programs required less academic
rigor. If not, this evidence would not indicate a decline in academic rigor.
(D) This is not a necessary assumption. The relative importance of academic
rigor is irrelevant to the reader’s claim. That claim only asserts that academic
rigor, in isolation, is in decline. The claim has nothing to do with its importance
relative to other attributes.
(E) It is not necessary to assume anything specific about the schools that do not
grant a majority of their degrees in the liberal arts, as they are not the subject of
the evidence or the conclusion. The reader feels that the low percentage
mentioned is evidence enough; it is not necessary to assume any arbitrary level
below the 50% of degrees standard that the article and the reader use.
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2013, 12:56
ritula wrote:
A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts. Citing this, a reader wrote to lament that this was further evidence of the decline of academic rigor in American post high school education.

Which of the following is an assumption on the part of the reader?
a The percentage of American colleges granting liberal arts degrees would continue to drop.
b All colleges should grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts.
c Most post-secondary scientific, engineering, and vocational training does not involve as much academic rigor as liberal arts training.
d Academic rigor is the most important aspect of post high school education.
e Of the colleges that do not grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts, many granted fewer than a quarter of their degrees in the liberal arts.


Do we all agree the correct answer choice is (C) here?
I find it quite common nowadays people posting some really debatable OA's. I don't think there is a minor chance that the OA on this one can be B, unless someone wants to challenge that.
Would be of course more than happy to discuss
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2014, 07:01
ritula wrote:
A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts. Citing this, a reader wrote to lament that this was further evidence of the decline of academic rigor in American post high school education.

Which of the following is an assumption on the part of the reader?
a The percentage of American colleges granting liberal arts degrees would continue to drop.
b All colleges should grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts.
c Most post-secondary scientific, engineering, and vocational training does not involve as much academic rigor as liberal arts training.
d Academic rigor is the most important aspect of post high school education.
e Of the colleges that do not grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts, many granted fewer than a quarter of their degrees in the liberal arts.



I go with C:)
Conclusion: Decline of academic rigor in American post high school education as decrease in liberal arts

a The percentage of American colleges granting liberal arts degrees would continue to drop. - This is the conclusion obtained from the Argument
b All colleges should grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts. - Irrelevant
c Most post-secondary scientific, engineering, and vocational training does not involve as much academic rigor as liberal arts training. - Correct answer choice
d Academic rigor is the most important aspect of post high school education. - Irrelevant
e Of the colleges that do not grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts, many granted fewer than a quarter of their degrees in the liberal arts - Weakening answer
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2016, 08:10
I believe the answer is C

A - tells us decline will continue but doesn't resolve the lingering questions as to why academic rigor has diminished as well
B - outside of the scope
C - Correct - Answers the question as to why academic rigor has declined
D - outside of the scope
E - This, if anything, would strengthen the reader's argument, but it still doesn't resolve the issue of why academic rigor has been lowered
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges &nbs [#permalink] 16 Sep 2016, 08:10

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