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# A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific

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A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2012, 20:47
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55% (hard)

Question Stats:

53% (02:09) correct 47% (01:04) wrong based on 349 sessions

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A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean, hundreds of miles from the nearest coastline, uncovered a variety of animal bones, including those from chickens and pigs. Neither chickens nor pigs could fly or swim so far out into the ocean, and the bones are approximately two hundred years old.

Combined with the information to the left, which of the following, if true, would best support the conclusion that the bones were rubbish dumped overboard by a passing boat?

A. Chickens and pigs are usually transported overseas today by air freight.
B. Bones from chickens and pigs were sometimes carried as good luck charms by colonial-era travelers.
C Scientists were able to locate the skeletons of at least 15 chickens in the underwater site.
D Another underwater location in the Atlantic Ocean contained similar bones dating from approximately 100 years ago.
E Mixed with the animal bones, there were also items like pottery shards and broken tools.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2012, 21:16
A. Chickens and pigs are usually transported overseas today by air freight.
The author is concerned about the bones from chickens of 200years old time,not of today's.
B. Bones from chickens and pigs were sometimes carried as good luck charms by colonial-era travelers.
Good contender,so hold.
C Scientists were able to locate the skeletons of at least 15 chickens in the underwater site.
Number of chickens has nothing to do with the case.
D Another underwater location in the Atlantic Ocean contained similar bones dating from approximately 100 years ago.
A lot changes in 100 years, so it's really not possible to judge a 200 year old event with a 100 year old event.
E Mixed with the animal bones, there were also items like pottery shards and broken tools.[/quote]
Good contender,so hold.

Now it's (B) Vs (E)

Colonial-era travelers had ships/boats to travel or not?we don't know.....but if the the bones were rubbish dumped overboard by a passing boat then definitely they had carried those bones in some pottery(those days pottery would have been the only cheapest source to carry dumped items) along with broken tools to make the pots sink deep down due to broke tool's weight.
SO,(E) is the right answer IMO.
OA?
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Re: A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2012, 21:42

Since there is no such information been given whether travelers carried those bones in pottery. Its a mere assumption.

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Re: A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2012, 02:11
I think the answer should be B.

"bones were carried in pottery" is just an assumption which may be or may not be right because it is possible that bones were carried in ships/boats
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Re: A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2012, 02:17
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"...... uncovered a variety of animal bones, including those from chickens and pigs."

(B) Bones from chickens and pigs were sometimes carried as good luck charms by colonial-era travelers.

If chicken and pigs were the good luck charm then why a variety of animal bones got found?

They must have many animals as good luck charm ?
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Re: A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2012, 09:00
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I would go with E

A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean, hundreds of miles from the nearest coastline, uncovered a variety of animal bones, including those from chickens and pigs. Neither chickens nor pigs could fly or swim so far out into the ocean, and the bones are approximately two hundred years old.

Combined with the information to the left, which of the following, if true, would best support the conclusion that the bones were rubbish dumped overboard by a passing boat?

A. Chickens and pigs are usually transported overseas today by air freight. – Doesn’t support the conclusion
B. Bones from chickens and pigs were sometimes carried as good luck charms by colonial-era travelers - Doesn’t support conclusion
C Scientists were able to locate the skeletons of at least 15 chickens in the underwater site.- irrelevant
D Another underwater location in the Atlantic Ocean contained similar bones dating from approximately 100 years ago.- Irrelevant
E Mixed with the animal bones, there were also items like pottery shards and broken tools. – Supports conclusion that bones with other rubbish items likepottery shards and broken tools were found.
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Re: A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2012, 03:06
Between B & E, I chose E.
In B: if the bones are good luck charms, why do they want to throw away? This is not to mention that we don't know anything about the colonial-era travelers.

E on the other hands says there are other tools too.. so it's more likely that people used the tools to do something with the animals.
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Re: A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2012, 10:15
Choice B is really the weaken choice that cannot be the correct answer, as the conclusion of the argument states that the bones of chickens and pigs are the rubbish of passing boats.
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Re: A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2012, 13:09
I'll go with E

bones are good luck charms, why do they want to throw away?
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Re: A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2012, 10:13
It's E.

B is incorrect, as "good luck charms" can't be classified as rubbish.
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Re: A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2012, 15:34
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Expert's post
agdimple333 wrote:
A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean, hundreds of miles from the nearest coastline, uncovered a variety of animal bones, including those from chickens and pigs. Neither chickens nor pigs could fly or swim so far out into the ocean, and the bones are approximately two hundred years old.

Combined with the information to the left, which of the following, if true, would best support the conclusion that the bones were rubbish dumped overboard by a passing boat?

A. Chickens and pigs are usually transported overseas today by air freight.
B. Bones from chickens and pigs were sometimes carried as good luck charms by colonial-era travelers.
C Scientists were able to locate the skeletons of at least 15 chickens in the underwater site.
D Another underwater location in the Atlantic Ocean contained similar bones dating from approximately 100 years ago.
E Mixed with the animal bones, there were also items like pottery shards and broken tools.

My intuition is that this problem is not a GMAT problem (LSAT, perhaps?). One obvious clue is the phrase "information to the left" in the question itself (GMAT passages are always above the question). But the stronger clue is the fact that two answers (B and E) can be construed as supporting answers. This is actually pretty rare on GMAT CR but quite common on the LSAT.

Anyway, several other posters have already done an excellent job of narrowing down to (B) and (E), so I'll focus on those two.

As I said before, (B) can probably be construed as supporting. The logic goes like this: "Colonial-era travelers kept chicken and pig bones as good luck charms. They carried the bones with them on boats in the Pacific Ocean. Somehow the bones ended up off the boats (tossed overboard, sunk boat, etc.) Certainly a plausible real-world explanation. But on the GMAT, you're not allowed to construct a story around the given answer – a correct answer should directly support the conclusion.

With (E), it seems natural that pottery shards and broken tools would be tossed overboard, and so this supports the idea that the bones found with the shards and tools had been tossed overboard as well. There's still a small link missing here – we don't have absolute evidence that the pottery shards and broken tools were tossed overboard from a ship. Maybe it's all from a landfill that washed out to sea 200 years ago?

In the end, I'm not a big fan of either of these answer choices. If I saw this question on the GMAT, I'd go with (E) because I do think the support is a little more direct there. But the big takeaway is that this is not the kind of CR question you'll be seeing on the GMAT!

Cheers,
Mark
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Re: A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2012, 10:57
+1 B

I think it is B. It matches with the age of the bones.
In E, we cannot assume that the pottery comes from the same boat.
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Re: A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2012, 00:26
I think it is E. If sailors carried it for good luck then why would anyone throw it. If the ship sunk or the crew thre stuff then the bones should be found along with some other wreckage like pottery in this case
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Re: A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2014, 08:19
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Re: A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2015, 08:49
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Re: A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2016, 09:54
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Re: A recent excavation of a site at the bottom of the Pacific   [#permalink] 08 Sep 2016, 09:54
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