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A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now

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A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now  [#permalink]

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A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were four years ago.


(A) there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were

(B) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were

(C) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many as there were

(D) every thirty-two pupils now have one microcomputer, four times as many than there were

(E) every thirty-two pupils now has one microcomputer, four times as many as

Originally posted by crackgmat750 on 19 Jul 2004, 13:20.
Last edited by Bunuel on 20 Dec 2018, 02:52, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
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New post 19 Jul 2004, 13:52
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crackgmat750 wrote:
A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were four years ago.

A.there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
B.there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
C.there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many as there were
D.every thirty-two pupils now have one microcomputer, four times as many than there were
E.every thirty-two pupils now has one microcomputer, four times as many as

This question is from OG. The correct answer has ruffled a bit of my grammar sense. :roll:


starting point: as many as the correct usage.

A.there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were

as many than...Wrong :no

B.there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were

as many than ...Wrong :no

C.there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many as there were

as many as ...Correct :banana

D.every thirty-two pupils now have one microcomputer, four times as many than there were

as many than ...Wrong :no

E.every thirty-two pupils now has one microcomputer, four times as many as

When you placed this one into the sentence, here what it looks like:
A recent national study of the public schools shows that .every thirty-two pupils now has one microcomputer, four times as many as four years ago.

four times as many as four years ago...:no wrong..



So C is the answer..
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Re: A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2004, 23:57
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crackgmat750 wrote:
Yes OA is C. Obviously all other choices are incorrect. There are no close calls..but my concern is that in C, doesnt "four times as many as" immediately after comma seem to modify pupils rather than microrcomputer as desired by the meaning of sentence? What am I missing? What grammatical subtlelety is here.. can anybody elaborate with more examples? I know paul is on a vacation..


This is something that I got from the Princeton Review Verbal Workout (downloaded from http://64168.com/bbs)

The misplaced modifier rule applies to phrases, but not to clauses.

Fo the benefit of others (and to save my own time), I'm copy-pasting the OCRs version of the relevant text from the Workbook here

Most misplaced modifiers come down to making sure that the opening phrase, followed by a comma, modifies the subject of the sentence. There is a possible solution to other problems, however, that don't occur very often on the GMAT. As the Grammar Glossary will tell you, there is a fundamental difference between a phrase and a clause: A clause contains a subject and a verb, and a phrase lacks either a subject or a verb.

Clause: Although he looked for his glasses for hours,
Phrase: Having looked for his glasses for houfs,

See the difference? If you take away Although from the clause, you have a complete sentence: He lookedfor his glassesfor hours. The phrase, however, has no chance to stand by itself as a complete sentence. The misplaced modifier rule applies to phrases, but not to clauses. Therefore:

You can change a misplaced modifier into a legal sentence by changing a phrase into a clause.

Here's an example:

Wrong: While leaving the bank, Evelyn's purse was stolen.
Right: As she was leaving the bank, Evelyn's purse was stolen.

The opening phrase is now a clause (with the subject she and the verb was), so it's okay.

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Re: A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2007, 18:26
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A.Haung wrote:
22. A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were four years ago.
(A) there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
(B) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
(C) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many as there were
(D) every thirty-two pupils now have one microcomputer, four times as many than there were
(E) every thirty-two pupils now has one microcomputer, four times as many as


1st split: as X as. only C and E left. everything else does not complete the idiom with the scond as.

Btwn C and E. I go for C, b/c four times as many as seems to illogically refer to one computer in E. C makes it clearer I think. I dunno if this is the correct reasoning though.
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New post 13 Jul 2011, 15:16
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sgupta0827 wrote:
"Is" definitely modifies "one computer". But I think sentence is bit ambiguous: "what does four times as many as.." modify? Is it referring to the improvement of the situation in which more computers are shared among fewer people, or worsening the situation in which people are four times to share one computer, implying less computers among more people. In any case, "were" sounds better in the sentence in comparison to the closest alternative "was". Could this be because it is an hypothetical situation?


Yes, one microcomputer "is"...

The way to read the "four times as many as there were" part is to read the first part as:

"one micro computer for every 32 pupils"

translate to: 1 out of 32

"four times as many as there were"

translate to: 1/32 = 4 times (some number)

In other words, the sentence is implying the ratio was 1 / (32*4) = 1 / (128) four years ago.

No need to do the math, of course--but that's basically what the sentence is implying.
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New post 19 Jul 2004, 19:34
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Yes OA is C. Obviously all other choices are incorrect. There are no close calls..but my concern is that in C, doesnt "four times as many as" immediately after comma seem to modify pupils rather than microrcomputer as desired by the meaning of sentence? What am I missing? What grammatical subtlelety is here.. can anybody elaborate with more examples? I know paul is on a vacation..
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New post 14 Jul 2011, 06:15
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The flipped sentence will read as ‘one micro computer is there for every thirty-two pupils’ – so ‘one’ is the subject and the verb should be ‘is

Step 2. –‘as many as’ is the right idiom - . - C is the right answer
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New post 23 Sep 2017, 02:31
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A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were four years ago.

(A) there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
(B) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
(C) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many as there were
(D) every thirty-two pupils now have one microcomputer, four times as many than there were
(E) every thirty-two pupils now has one microcomputer, four times as many as

Correct IDIOM is "as many as" - Hence, A and B are out as they use "as many than" which is incorrect

D and E - Change the meaning - "number of microcomputers per pupil has become four times, not the number of pupils"

Hence - Answer is C
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Re: A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2018, 08:37
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Why option E is wrong and C is correct and why were is correct instead of was.

E) every thirty-two pupils now has one microcomputer, four times as many as

E is wrong because 1. It compares years to computers and 2 because two pupils is plural and 'has' is a wrong verb
C is correct because it uses the correct verb 'is' for the singular 'one computer' and the plural 'were' for the plural 'as many as'
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Re: A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2019, 18:05
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ballest127 wrote:
Hi Expert,

In choice C, why "there were" not " there was" because the preceding clause is "there is now one ...." ?

Please explain.

Thanks.

Here's the version created via the use of (C).

A recent national study of the public schools shows that there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many as there were four years ago.

The structure of the sentence is a bit informal. The rationale for the use of the plural "were" in the closing modifier is that "one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils" is understood to be a plural number of computers.

So essentially this version says

A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now enough computers that there is one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many as there were four years ago.

The sentence version created via the use of (C) is not ideal. It's just much better than the other versions.

One challenge that Sentence Correction question writers face is that of making correct answers not blatantly correct. In order to obscure the correctness of correct answers, Sentence Correction question writers often push, stretch, and even break the boundaries of what constitutes good writing.

In the case of this question, perhaps the writer wanted to make the question at least a little challenging, even though the incorrect answers are pretty blatantly incorrect. So, the writer wrote the correct answer, (C), in a way that could debatably be considered correct, but neither sounds right nor is entirely logical.

Alternatively, the writer may have just decided to be creative with language.

In any case, it's good to be prepared to see some weird and debatably incorrect constructions in the "correct" answers to Sentence Correction questions.
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Re: A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2004, 14:04
crackgmat750 wrote:
A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were four years ago.

A.there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
B.there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
C.there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many as there were
D.every thirty-two pupils now have one microcomputer, four times as many than there were
E.every thirty-two pupils now has one microcomputer, four times as many as

This question is from OG. The correct answer has ruffled a bit of my grammar sense. :roll:



"one microcomputer" is singular, so "there is" is justified.
A is out. ( it uses "there are" )

"as many as" is the correct idiom and not "as many than"
B is out.

D and E change the meaning. It seems as if 32 pupils are sharing a computer each. The grammar is wrong too.

C is the best answer.
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Re: A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2010, 08:25
C.

A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were four years ago.

A.there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
are is wrong - cannot use plural for every + as many than is wrong too
B.there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
as many than is wrong
C.there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many as there were
correct usage of every with is and correct idiom as many as
D.every thirty-two pupils now have one microcomputer, four times as many than there were
every with have + as many than
E.every thirty-two pupils now has one microcomputer, four times as many as
awkward - every thirty - two pupils? this should have been every on of the thirty two pupils now has
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New post 08 Dec 2010, 11:38
A) there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were --- wrong usuage of 'are'. "as many than" wrong.
(B) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were ---"as many than" wrong.
(C) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many as there were --correct
(D) every thirty-two pupils now have one microcomputer, four times as many than there were ---"as many than" wrong.
(E) every thirty-two pupils now has one microcomputer, four times as many as --- changes the meaning on the sentences
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New post 29 Dec 2010, 08:57
(C)

(A) there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
(B) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
(C) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many as there were
(D) every thirty-two pupils now have one microcomputer, four times as many than there were
(E) every thirty-two pupils now has one microcomputer, four times as many as
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Re: A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2011, 12:20
"Is" definitely modifies "one computer". But I think sentence is bit ambiguous: "what does four times as many as.." modify? Is it referring to the improvement of the situation in which more computers are shared among fewer people, or worsening the situation in which people are four times to share one computer, implying less computers among more people. In any case, "were" sounds better in the sentence in comparison to the closest alternative "was". Could this be because it is an hypothetical situation?
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New post 02 Sep 2015, 04:40
1. "There is now one " is the correct usage.
2. "As many as" is preferred to "as many than". Eliminate A,B,D

Hence C

A) there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
(B) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
(C) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many as there were
(D) every thirty-two pupils now have one microcomputer, four timesas many than there were
(E) every thirty-two pupils now has one microcomputer, four times as many as
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Re: A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2015, 09:02
A) there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
(B) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
(C) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many as there were
(D) every thirty-two pupils now have one microcomputer, four times as many than there were
(E) every thirty-two pupils now has one microcomputer, four times as many as-- pupils --> has is wrong
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Re: A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2018, 07:29
kunalkhanna wrote:
what is the referent of 'there were' from option 'c"


the whole phrase of one computer per 32 pupils.

Also there is NOT a pronoun so it does not need an antecedent.

For example,

There are many more houses in Bombay than there were in 1645. Totally fine.
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Re: A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jun 2018, 11:24
A.Haung wrote:
22. A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were four years ago.
(A) there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
(B) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
(C) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many as there were
(D) every thirty-two pupils now have one microcomputer, four times as many than there were
(E) every thirty-two pupils now has one microcomputer, four times as many as


"As many as" is correct : A, B, D are out.

Between C and E : C is more nearer to the original sense of the question.

C
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New post 12 Jul 2018, 20:40
Hi Experts,

Why option E is wrong and C is correct and why were is correct instead of was.
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Re: A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now   [#permalink] 12 Jul 2018, 20:40

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