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# A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates,

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A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2012, 18:49
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A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent that they may not think is true.

A. is
B. are
C. to be
D. of as
E. it is

Guys need help to analyze the last clause... that they may not think is true. what is subject that or they? why there are two verbs.
I picked up C(not a verb) ..but its wrong...
People who only want to post the ans option rather than full dissection please refrain . B'coz all of us know the ans no need to repeat it.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: A recent poll of elected officials [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2012, 23:50
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A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent that they may not think is true.
Here
recent poll suggests that candidates ..... often make STATEMENTS about....that they may not think ARE true.
It is number (noun) problem. the subject of is plural (statements); so plural verb is needed.

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Re: A recent poll of elected officials [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2012, 08:18
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HI Sujit,

A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent that they may not think is true.

Since your question is specific, let us dissect this sentence to know analyze the structure:

Cl. 1: A recent poll of elected officials suggests

Cl. 2: that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent

Cl. 3: that

Cl. 4: they may not think

Cont. of Cl. 3: is true.

(blue = subjects, pink = verbs)

Let’s focus only on the structure of the sentence. For a minute assume that Clause 4 “they may not think” is not there. So the relevant portion of the sentence now is as follows:
Candidates,…, often make statements about an opponent that is true.

As you can see now in this sentence there should not be any confusion that “that” is the subject of the verb – is. And obviously “that” refers to the noun phrase “statements about an opponent”. Now let’s bring back clause 4 – they may not think. This clause adds contextually important information - what candidates may think or not think about those statements. But it by itself has SV pair. So this clause definitely adds contextually important information but structurally it fits right in.

The subject of Cl. 3 “that” stands for “statements”. Since “statements” is a plural subject, we need a plural verb for that. That is why choice B (are) is the correct answer.

Choice A leads to SV number agreement error and the other choices fail to make a clause with subject “that” that refers to “statements”.

I hope this helps resolve the confusion. If you still have doubts about this then think of it the following questions - what is “that” associated with; what “is true”.

You can refer to OG 12#118 question as well. Following is the sentence with correct answer choice C:

The world wildlife fund has declared that global warming, a phenomenon that most scientists agree is caused by human beings's burning of fossil fuels will create havoc among migratory birds by altering the enviroment in ways harmful to their habitats.

Thanks
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2012, 05:02
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A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates,when in the midst of a tough campaign, oftenmake statements about an opponent that they may not think is true.

the reduced stem : Candidates make statements THAT they think .................... true.

Guess removing the clutter makes it a bit easier to zone in on the correct variable / to fill up the blank

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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2012, 01:24
I went for option "B" using the singular rule of Subject Verb Agreement. Statements - Plural Subject, Are - Plural Verb.
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2012, 06:56
They refer to candidates .....

an opponent is singular so it will be "is" and not "are" ....

Hence A ...
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2012, 08:15
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Abhi398

Only statements about opponents can be true or untrue. An opponent cannot be said to be true or not. What will be the meaning of a true opponent or an untrue opponent? The meaning doesn’t gel, does it
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2012, 08:41
Any idea why option C is not correct. "they may not think to be true"

Although I've chosen option B during practice, I am not confident enough why option C is incorrect.

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Re: A recent poll of elected officials [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2012, 05:03
egmat wrote:
HI Sujit,

A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent that they may not think is true.

Since your question is specific, let us dissect this sentence to know analyze the structure:

Cl. 1: A recent poll of elected officials suggests

Cl. 2: that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent

Cl. 3: that

Cl. 4: they may not think

Cont. of Cl. 3: is true.

(blue = subjects, pink = verbs)

Let’s focus only on the structure of the sentence. For a minute assume that Clause 4 “they may not think” is not there. So the relevant portion of the sentence now is as follows:
Candidates,…, often make statements about an opponent that is true.

As you can see now in this sentence there should not be any confusion that “that” is the subject of the verb – is. And obviously “that” refers to the noun phrase “statements about an opponent”. Now let’s bring back clause 4 – they may not think. This clause adds contextually important information - what candidates may think or not think about those statements. But it by itself has SV pair. So this clause definitely adds contextually important information but structurally it fits right in.

The subject of Cl. 3 “that” stands for “statements”. Since “statements” is a plural subject, we need a plural verb for that. That is why choice B (are) is the correct answer.

Choice A leads to SV number agreement error and the other choices fail to make a clause with subject “that” that refers to “statements”.

I hope this helps resolve the confusion. If you still have doubts about this then think of it the following questions - what is “that” associated with; what “is true”.

You can refer to OG 12#118 question as well. Following is the sentence with correct answer choice C:

The world wildlife fund has declared that global warming, a phenomenon that most scientists agree is caused by human beings's burning of fossil fuels will create havoc among migratory birds by altering the enviroment in ways harmful to their habitats.

Thanks

Can anyone please explain how to rule out options C and D ?

Thanks,
Ankit
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2012, 07:31
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ankit0411 wrote:
Can anyone please explain how to rule out options C and D ?

Thanks,
Ankit

Hi Ankit,

If you have studied the sentence structure that I have mentioned in my post, you will notice that there are 4 clauses in this sentence. Clause 3 is a “that clause” where “that” stands for “statements”. In the original sentence, this plural subject has singular verb “is” and hence is incorrect because we have subject-verb number agreement error.

Now let’s analyze choice C: “to be”. Notice that “to be” is not a verb. This does not complete Clause 3. We need a verb to have a complete Clause 3. We need a verb for “that = statements”. Hence, this choice is incorrect.

Choice D is incorrect again for the same reason. Prepositional phrase “of as” does not complete Clause 3. There is no verb for “that”.

Choice B is the correct naswer as it rectifies the SV number agreement issue.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2012, 07:38
egmat wrote:
ankit0411 wrote:
Can anyone please explain how to rule out options C and D ?

Thanks,
Ankit

Hi Ankit,

If you have studied the sentence structure that I have mentioned in my post, you will notice that there are 4 clauses in this sentence. Clause 3 is a “that clause” where “that” stands for “statements”. In the original sentence, this plural subject has singular verb “is” and hence is incorrect because we have subject-verb number agreement error.

Now let’s analyze choice C: “to be”. Notice that “to be” is not a verb. This does not complete Clause 3. We need a verb to have a complete Clause 3. We need a verb for “that = statements”. Hence, this choice is incorrect.

Choice D is incorrect again for the same reason. Prepositional phrase “of as” does not complete Clause 3. There is no verb for “that”.

Choice B is the correct naswer as it rectifies the SV number agreement issue.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

So ideally, we're looking for a verb that follows "that" and hence, ARE fits in.

choice B makes sense now .

Thanks,
Ankit
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2013, 15:45
I Agree to all explanation...but those contending to the fact that Idiom "think of X as Y" is preferred......Are seriously mistaken...OE says that think of x as y is not standard english...neither is think of x to be y......
Some a take away from this question as per OE..

Consider Kudos If my post helps!!!

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Re: A recent poll of elected officials [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2013, 03:48
egmat wrote:
ankit0411 wrote:
Can anyone please explain how to rule out options C and D ?

Thanks,
Ankit

Hi Ankit,

If you have studied the sentence structure that I have mentioned in my post, you will notice that there are 4 clauses in this sentence. Clause 3 is a “that clause” where “that” stands for “statements”. In the original sentence, this plural subject has singular verb “is” and hence is incorrect because we have subject-verb number agreement error.

Now let’s analyze choice C: “to be”. Notice that “to be” is not a verb. This does not complete Clause 3. We need a verb to have a complete Clause 3. We need a verb for “that = statements”. Hence, this choice is incorrect.

Choice D is incorrect again for the same reason. Prepositional phrase “of as” does not complete Clause 3. There is no verb for “that”.

Choice B is the correct naswer as it rectifies the SV number agreement issue.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

I have attached the official explanation which says C and D fit in but are awkward. . I fail to understand what can be termed awkward.
Attachments

OExp.JPG [ 21.93 KiB | Viewed 7332 times ]

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Re: A recent poll of elected officials [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2013, 11:28
egmat wrote:
Cl. 1: A recent poll of elected officials suggests

Cl. 2: that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent

Cl. 3: that

Cl. 4: they may not think

Cont. of Cl. 3: is true.

(blue = subjects, pink = verbs)

Let’s focus only on the structure of the sentence. For a minute assume that Clause 4 “they may not think” is not there. So the relevant portion of the sentence now is as follows:
Candidates,…, often make statements about an opponent that is true.

As you can see now in this sentence there should not be any confusion that “that” is the subject of the verb – is. And obviously “that” refers to the noun phrase “statements about an opponent”. Now let’s bring back clause 4 – they may not think. This clause adds contextually important information - what candidates may think or not think about those statements. But it by itself has SV pair. So this clause definitely adds contextually important information but structurally it fits right in.

The subject of Cl. 3 “that” stands for “statements”. Since “statements” is a plural subject, we need a plural verb for that. That is why choice B (are) is the correct answer.

I think this whole explanation relies on the fact That "that" in this sentence acts as a subject.

now to understand this construction I read a good article here learn-how-that-can-help-you-demystify-a-long-sentence-138358.html (Kudos for this BTW.

but the way I see is something like this.

A recent poll of elected officials suggests
Suggest what?
that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent (so "that" is a connector here not a subject.)

that they may not think is true
what kind of statements they make.. answer is that is not true.

now again as I noticed in eg in link of post above "that" where used as a connector combines 2 clauses and where it is subject it touches the noun left to "that" (in the examples cited in the article). I understand that it may be just a case with the examples mentioned in article but not a general rule, however in the context of this sentence problem I felt that "they" is subject and not "that" can you tell me a more elaborate or a mechanical way to make out what is the context of "that" in such tricky sentences as I really get confused in such situations.
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2013, 13:26
IMO B
BukrsGmat wrote:
A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent that they may not think is true.

A. is
B. are
C. to be
D. of as
E. it is

a)not possible since the question talks about "statements" which is plural.so "is" cannot be there
d)not possible
e)same reason as (a)
Now down to (b) and (c)
we can relate them to these small sentences...
1)I think that information is true
2)I think the information to be true..
the second one is a bit awkward
Now compare these to the question given..
so clearly (b) is the answer...Hope it helps...
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2013, 07:22
nikhil007 wrote:
egmat wrote:
Cl. 1: A recent poll of elected officials suggests

Cl. 2: that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent

Cl. 3: that

Cl. 4: they may not think

Cont. of Cl. 3: is true.

(blue = subjects, pink = verbs)

Let’s focus only on the structure of the sentence. For a minute assume that Clause 4 “they may not think” is not there. So the relevant portion of the sentence now is as follows:
Candidates,…, often make statements about an opponent that is true.

As you can see now in this sentence there should not be any confusion that “that” is the subject of the verb – is. And obviously “that” refers to the noun phrase “statements about an opponent”. Now let’s bring back clause 4 – they may not think. This clause adds contextually important information - what candidates may think or not think about those statements. But it by itself has SV pair. So this clause definitely adds contextually important information but structurally it fits right in.

The subject of Cl. 3 “that” stands for “statements”. Since “statements” is a plural subject, we need a plural verb for that. That is why choice B (are) is the correct answer.

I think this whole explanation relies on the fact That "that" in this sentence acts as a subject.

now to understand this construction I read a good article here learn-how-that-can-help-you-demystify-a-long-sentence-138358.html (Kudos for this BTW.

but the way I see is something like this.

A recent poll of elected officials suggests
Suggest what?
that candidates, when in the midst of a tough campaign, often make statements about an opponent (so "that" is a connector here not a subject.)

that they may not think is true
what kind of statements they make.. answer is that is not true.

now again as I noticed in eg in link of post above "that" where used as a connector combines 2 clauses and where it is subject it touches the noun left to "that" (in the examples cited in the article). I understand that it may be just a case with the examples mentioned in article but not a general rule, however in the context of this sentence problem I felt that "they" is subject and not "that" can you tell me a more elaborate or a mechanical way to make out what is the context of "that" in such tricky sentences as I really get confused in such situations.

Hi nikhil007,

I completely agree with you that the first "that" in the sentence is a connector that joins two clauses. However, the second "that" is a relative pronoun. It is not a connecter that joins the clause "they may not think" with the previous clause. This clause is actually inserted between the Subject "that" and the verb "is" in the original choice. You can see my clause split for this sentence.

Now insertion of clauses between the Subject and the Verb is not uncommon on GMAT SC. Since the second "that", the relative pronoun, refers to its immediately preceding noun plural "statements about an opponent", we need a plural verb to agree in number with the plural Subject. The clause "they may not think" gives us some more information that candidates often make statements that they themselves may not think are true. The information given by the clause adds to the context of the sentence.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, [#permalink]

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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2015, 17:08
First split – singular vs plural.
Since that modifies statement and statement is plural we need plural here
Eliminate -> A, E

Second split – think does not take "to"
Eliminate -> C

Third split -Correct idiom - to think of X as Y
Eliminate -> D

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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2016, 04:53
Hello,

Can anyone please explain why to be is not a verb?

Thanks
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Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates, [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2016, 09:23
first of all guys ..
asnwer contenders should be B and D only..rest are not required

idiom tested - think x as y

but here B superceeds D by the meaning (saying that the statements are not true.)

Meaning is more important.

Re: A recent poll of elected officials suggests that candidates,   [#permalink] 01 Jul 2016, 09:23

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