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# A recent report determined that although only

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Senior CR Moderator
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A recent report determined that although only  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 01:32
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65% (hard)

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57% (01:35) correct 43% (01:18) wrong based on 287 sessions

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A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s population resides in low income areas, 20 percent of all criminals sentenced during the last five years lived in low income areas. Clearly, people who live in low income areas are more likely to commit criminal activities than those who do not.

The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. People who live in low income areas are less likely to be prosecuted than people who do not.

B. The people living in low income areas cannot afford the costly litigation expenses and their prosecution is more likely to convert into a sentence.

C. On committing a crime, the people living in low income areas are not more likely to be sentenced than people not living in the same.

D. The number of criminal incidents in high income areas was lower than that in low income areas.

E. Many of the criminals sentenced were sentenced more than once in the time period covered in the report

Source: Experts Global

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Re: A recent report determined that although only  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 01:41
I really think the answer is C. using negation technique
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Re: A recent report determined that although only  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 01:49
Option D makes more sense than rest of them.

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Re: A recent report determined that although only  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 03:34
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I go for C, the option D was not mentioned anywhere in the passage

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Re: A recent report determined that although only  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2017, 07:12
broall wrote:
A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s population resides in low income areas, 20 percent of all criminals sentenced during the last five years lived in low income areas. Clearly, people who live in low income areas are more likely to commit criminal activities than those who do not.

The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. People who live in low income areas are less likely to be prosecuted than people who do not.

B. The people living in low income areas cannot afford the costly litigation expenses and their prosecution is more likely to convert into a sentence.

C. On committing a crime, the people living in low income areas are not more likely to be sentenced than people not living in the same.

D. The number of criminal incidents in high income areas was lower than that in low income areas.

E. Many of the criminals sentenced were sentenced more than once in the time period covered in the report

Source: Experts Global

On committing a crime, the people living in low income areas are more likely to be sentenced than people not living in the same. => and that means that people who live in low income areas are more likely to commit criminal activities than those who do not - this is no longer valid.

A. People who live in low income areas are less likely to be prosecuted than people who do not. => negate more or equal. In case of equal, it doesn't invalidate the conclusion.

B. The people living in low income areas can afford the costly litigation expenses and their prosecution is less likely to convert into a sentence. => it does the reverse effect.

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Re: A recent report determined that although only  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2017, 12:16
broall wrote:
A recent report determined that although only 15 percent of a town’s population resides in low income areas, 20 percent of all criminals sentenced during the last five years lived in low income areas. Clearly, people who live in low income areas are more likely to commit criminal activities than those who do not.

The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. People who live in low income areas are less likely to be prosecuted than people who do not.

B. The people living in low income areas cannot afford the costly litigation expenses and their prosecution is more likely to convert into a sentence.

C. On committing a crime, the people living in low income areas are not more likely to be sentenced than people not living in the same.

D. The number of criminal incidents in high income areas was lower than that in low income areas.

E. Many of the criminals sentenced were sentenced more than once in the time period covered in the report

Source: Experts Global

negating C breaks the conclusion..

ans C
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Re: A recent report determined that although only  [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2017, 11:03
Answere C talks about the sentencing of crime, whereas the conclusion says about commiting a crime. Negation of option D breaks the conclusion
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Re: A recent report determined that although only  [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2017, 12:32
can someone help me with the option B because if you see it states that it was not the area of living or the low income level that caused them to sentence rather the affordable court expenses that led them for the sentence.Why is this option incorrect??
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Re: A recent report determined that although only  [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2017, 01:34
I also go with option B as in option C it only restates the mentioned premise .
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Re: A recent report determined that although only  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2017, 14:08
longhaul123

Quote:
can someone help me with the option B because if you see it states that it was not the area of living or the low income level that caused them to sentence rather the affordable court expenses that led them for the sentence.Why is this option incorrect??

Option B is incorrect because it provides a different explanation for the high incidence of crime in low income areas than what the author argues.

To simplify this further:

Argument concludes that 'people in low income areas are more likely to commit crimes'

Option B says: It's not that they are more likely to commit crimes rather they cannot afford litigation expense and hence get sentenced which makes it appear that they more likely to commit crimes.

Option B is contradicting the stance taken by the original argument.

Assumption questions require us to strengthen the argument in some way. Option C does this very well because it plugs a hole in a possible contention to this argument. This contention could be that 'it's not that people are more likely to commit crimes but they are more likely to get sentenced, hence the high rate of sentencing'. Option C closes this door by saying these people are NOT more likely to be sentenced than other people.

Hope you got it.
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Re: A recent report determined that although only  [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2017, 04:57

Argument says: Clearly, people who live in low income areas are more likely to commit criminal activities than those who do not.

But B says The people living in low income areas cannot afford the costly litigation expenses and their prosecution is more likely to convert into a sentence.
Maybe more criminals from high-income areas than low-income area criminals are able to afford the costly litigation expenses and not convert into sentence. So this weakens the argument that people living in low income areas are more likely to commit criminial activities.

B would have been a perfect answer, had this question been a weakening argument question.
Re: A recent report determined that although only &nbs [#permalink] 03 Oct 2017, 04:57
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