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# A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO s now earn

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A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO s now earn [#permalink]

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04 Dec 2011, 18:06
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31. A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.

A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

Anybody can explain?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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04 Dec 2011, 19:10
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We need a that after indicate. Hence D and E are out.

A is incorrect as it attempts to compare CEO's earning with blue collar workers and not the earnings of blue collar workers and compares earnings to the ratio.

....CEO’s now earn [strike]an average of 419 times[/strike] more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times ...

B has similar problems of comparing earnings to ratio.

C is correct as it fixes the problems in A and B.

Crick
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05 Dec 2011, 02:51
But in C option we have
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio

their indicates workers or CEO's.
Can someone resolve....
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05 Dec 2011, 03:21
crick20002002 wrote:
We need a that after indicate. Hence D and E are out.

A is incorrect as it attempts to compare CEO's earning with blue collar workers and not the earnings of blue collar workers and compares earnings to the ratio.

....CEO’s now earn [strike]an average of 419 times[/strike] more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times ...

B has similar problems of comparing earnings to ratio.

C is correct as it fixes the problems in A and B.

Crick

Crick's reasoning is correct. I agree.
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06 Dec 2011, 15:58
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A difficult question, this one. But fun, nevertheless!
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14 Jan 2012, 23:22
Good question,it was a tough fight between B and C.
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO s now earn [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2015, 05:30
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO s now earn [#permalink]

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09 May 2016, 08:26
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO s now earn [#permalink]

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10 May 2016, 05:08
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eybrj2 wrote:
31. A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.

A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

Anybody can explain?

Manhattan SC says,
Whenever you see X times and the options are 1)higher/greater/older 2)as great as/as old as/as high as

option 2 is right. Moreover we should as something as when we see Xtimes
So its a C
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO s now earn [#permalink]

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10 May 2016, 05:40
I ignored C because of the pronoun *their*... can @e-gmat look into this?
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO s now earn [#permalink]

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10 May 2016, 10:24
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HBSdetermined wrote:
I ignored C because of the pronoun *their*... can @e-gmat look into this?

GMAT allows a bit of pronoun ambiguity when there is an element of parallelism involved - e.g.,

If a pronoun is a subject of a clause, it would refer to subject of another clause in the sentence, although there could be 2 different possible antecedent, one of which is the subject of the other clause.

Similarly a possessive pronoun would refer to a possessive noun, although there could be 2 possible antecedents.

Here the possessive "their" refers to " blue collar workers" by virtue of parallelism - this kind of usage is allowed in GMAT.
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO s now earn [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2016, 22:20
eybrj2 wrote:
31. A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.

A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

Anybody can explain?

"that" is required to add clarity. So D and E is out.

A gives a sense that all CEO's earnings > average (419 * pay of blue-collar workers) - which seems non-sensical.

Between B and C I chose B because it is more clear to me - CEO's pay (x) = 419 * blue-collar workers pay (y). => x/y = 419. And this ratio is 42 in 1980.

Could someone please clarify why C is correct? Thanks!
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO s now earn [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2016, 02:49
C says the exact same thing as B about the relationship between current CEO and employee pay, so there's no reason to pick one over the other on that basis. However, B goes on to say that this ratio "compares to 42 times in 1980." This isn't clear at all. What does it mean that the ratio compares to something? What are the 42 times?

C clears this up by making a comparison between the current ratio (419:1) and the 1980 ratio (42:1). There's no pronoun ambiguity, since CEO's could never have earned 42 times their own pay!
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A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO s now earn [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2016, 03:14
manhasnoname wrote:
eybrj2 wrote:
31. A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.

A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

Anybody can explain?

"that" is required to add clarity. So D and E is out.

A gives a sense that all CEO's earnings > average (419 * pay of blue-collar workers) - which seems non-sensical.

Between B and C I chose B because it is more clear to me - CEO's pay (x) = 419 * blue-collar workers pay (y). => x/y = 419. And this ratio is 42 in 1980.

Could someone please clarify why C is correct? Thanks!

Could you highlight what issue you see in option C? It is already clarified in the above post, why the pronoun "their" is not ambiguous:
a-recent-review-of-pay-scales-indicates-that-ceo-s-now-earn-124149.html#p1683185

The problems in B are as follows:

1. The usage "a ratio that compares to" is problematic:

It is alright to use "compare to" (as a verb), when two entities / features are compared. However using "compare to" (as a verb) for two measurements (or values) of two entities / features compared is awkward - it is better to use "compared to" (as a participle):

My salary of INR 1000 compares to INR 2000 of yours.... awkward.
Do not compare my salary to your salary... correct.
As compared to my salary of INR 1000, your salary is INR 2000 .... correct.

2. There is a slight lack of clarity about 42 times - what 42 times refers to is not clear in B.
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO s now earn [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2016, 04:03
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eybrj2 wrote:
31. A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.

A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

Anybody can explain?

A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.

A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times ----------->>>here "compared to" comparing pay with ratio illogically
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times --------->>> here "ratio" illogically referring "pay"
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio ---------->>>Correct
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio ----------->>> Modifier error,No verb here
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times ---------->>> Modifier error,No verb here
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO s now earn [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2016, 02:55
eybrj2 wrote:
31. A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.

A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

Anybody can explain?

@e-gmat can you please explain why in option C the idiom "as compared" to correct?
I thought the only acceptable idioms are in comparison to/with, compared to/with
Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO s now earn   [#permalink] 01 Nov 2016, 02:55
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