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# A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average

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A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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15 May 2008, 01:47
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A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.

(A) that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times

(B) that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times

(C) that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio

(D) CEO's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio

(E) CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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15 May 2008, 14:27
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Quote:
A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

My answer is C. Could some one provide insight why C is wrong.
A - average of 419 times - Eliminate
B - a ratio that compares to 42 times - Felt akward - since both are ratios. Compared with is better - Eliminate
C - as compared to looks correct, the ratio correctly modifies 42 times their pay.
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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15 May 2008, 18:26
So tricky Gmatprep! that is why I am wrong also! The sentence is contructed in the simple way, but not easy to crack it!

B is NOT OA!

Can anybody help me what "a ratio" in B refer to? to "workers" the word immediately next to? so confusing! thanks!
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Last edited by sondenso on 15 May 2008, 18:36, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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15 May 2008, 18:35
I guess its C then, thats the only other one that even remotely makes sense.

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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16 May 2008, 12:09
sondenso wrote:
Year, OA is C, and with a BIG question WHY? in my head

B - a ratio that compares to 42 times (of What?)
C avoids that confusion.
However I am not comfortable with CEO's
Is it CEOs ? If yes then then we have 'their' problem in C.
If No, then the sentence does not make sense to me.
....., on average, CEO’s now earn
....., on average, CEOs now earn
I see some difference here..but cannot expln what it is..can anyone help ..Thanks

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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19 May 2008, 21:27
farend wrote:
"their" is ambiguous(2 references) in C

i agree with this too.
anyway, another killer question...

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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21 May 2008, 02:10
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saravalli wrote:
sondenso wrote:
Year, OA is C, and with a BIG question WHY? in my head

B - a ratio that compares to 42 times (of What?)
C avoids that confusion.
However I am not comfortable with CEO's
Is it CEOs ? If yes then then we have 'their' problem in C.
If No, then the sentence does not make sense to me.
....., on average, CEO’s now earn
....., on average, CEOs now earn
I see some difference here..but cannot expln what it is..can anyone help ..Thanks

We are comparing between ratio nowadays and ratio in 1980. Ok, INDICATES need THAT followed. => Rule out D, E.

A:ratio of 42 times in 1980. , B: 42 times ("of" what) in 1980. ==> Eliminate A, B.
C:AS compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio in 1980.
C containS AS. C has only problem with THEIR but can be ACCEPTABLE and C is also the best choice among 5 choices.

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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21 May 2008, 11:22
anirudhoswal wrote:
sondenso wrote:
31. A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.

A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times - compared to? error of comparison
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times - Seems OK
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio - "their" in 42 times their has no clear referrent
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio - "their" in 42 times their has no clear referrent
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times - no need for continuous present tense

IMO: B

Still in favor of B.
Am I wrong if I say

A recent review of pay scales indicates that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times the ratio in 1980.
isn't "the ratio" implied?? Is there anything else that can be compared? If there is no ambiguity about it then B should be OK.

But now I am less sure than before

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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21 May 2008, 12:14
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sondenso wrote:
31. A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.

A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

Very weird question, Sondenso. I believe that the apostrophe (') is wrong in all the choices. All choices should have CEOs not CEO's. But, if we neglect this error then,

D and E are out because they don't use "that".

A is out because it uses "more".

B is wrong because "a ratio" modifies workers.

So, only C is left.

what is source?

Last edited by sanjay_gmat on 22 May 2008, 07:42, edited 1 time in total.

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A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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24 Dec 2008, 15:30
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A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.

(A) that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times

(B) that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.

(C) that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio

(D) CEO's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio

(E) CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

Last edited by hazelnut on 01 Sep 2017, 00:39, edited 4 times in total.
Reformatted the question.

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2008, 14:52
Mikus wrote:
I'd go with (B).

In this context, the review indicates THAT X, so I'd eliminate (D) and (E) immediately.

I'd eliminate (A) because the original sentence is comparing the CEO's pay to blue collar workers themselves, which is not apples to apples.

(B) and (C) are both awfully constructed sentences-- but "their" is ambiguous in (C), so I'd be left with a very unfortunate-looking (B).

What's the OA?

same reason D & E out.

A is out because A says now earn an average of 419 times more pay. Does not make any sense to me.

C uses ambiguous their and is way awkward.

B is clear and concise

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2008, 11:28
I picked C.
I don't think B corrected expressed what it is comparing. C, although long, but not necessarily wordy, made the correct comparison.

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2008, 05:38
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its B
as i know this:
"X indicates that Y is verb/participle Z" is the correct idiom.
Also "indicate" must be followed by "that"

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2008, 02:31
hbs2012 wrote:
Set 1 Question 7

A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.

b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

B also

"indicate" + that, thus, cross out D and E.

"their" in C is ambiguous, it refers to what?

A is akward.

Plz, post the OA as soon as possible

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2008, 02:44
Whew......... Im confused b/w B and C.Though B seems concise but somehow in B, a ratio that compares to 42 times looks awkward.At the same time, in C "their" is ambigious
hbs2012 wrote:
Set 1 Question 7

A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.

b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2009, 18:07
C is definitely not correct. One ratio is recent and one is in 1990. The last bit, "the ratio in 1990", applies only to the compared ratio, not the whole thing.

Example:
This fact, compared to this fact, at this date <--- correct, both facts relate to that some date
This recent fact, compared to this fact, at this date <--- incorrect

B is better because the sentence now reads

Fact at one date, compared to fact at an other date.

Hope that helps.

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2009, 17:28
d& e are clearly out.
a is out because x times more pay.
b & c are somewhat tricky. I went with c because I did not like "compares to" in b.
May be b is the most appropriate.
BTW I was also confused with the use of apostrophe s (CEO's as opposed to CEOs).
hbs2012 wrote:
Set 1 Question 7

A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1990.

b. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times.
c. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
d. CEo's who now earn on average 419 time more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
e. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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26 May 2009, 23:19
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A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.

A. that CEO’s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEO’s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEO’s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2009, 00:59
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I was not satisfied with the B - "the ratio that compares to 42 times in 1980" - so I searched and found this link:

http://www.urch.com/forums/gmat-sentenc ... cates.html
Lot of concepts discussed:

- usage of apostrophe - CEO's
- pronoun usage. (when not to emphasize on the ambiguity of pronoun)
- Other interesting thing to note that in GMAT Land, as per the guru, difference between "compare to" and "compare with" is not tested and has no significant difference.
**This guru is shaking the concepts of Manhattan GMAT SC concepts***

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2009, 07:56
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B. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO’s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
IN C as compared to to refers to blue-collar workers but not to The Ratio(in the Question the ratio should be compared. so we can easily eliminate C

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average   [#permalink] 26 Sep 2009, 07:56

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